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Week 3 Notes

by: Curomi Notetaker

Week 3 Notes SDC 350

Curomi Notetaker
GPA 3.98
Global History of Design II
Matt Cohen

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About this Document

Notes on Incas and Aztecs and Spanish Colonial
Global History of Design II
Matt Cohen
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Curomi Notetaker on Thursday February 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SDC 350 at Washington State University taught by Matt Cohen in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Global History of Design II in Architecture at Washington State University.


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Date Created: 02/05/15
12915 Incas and Aztecs Stones and Sacri ce 1 Inca Sites a Road and Bridge Network 1400515005 Totaling over 25000 miles 1 Royal Road about 3100 miles long that people traveled on llamas and foot Roads not maintained or paved bridge is built from plant bers and are rebuilt every year Signi cant as a form of design and social organization 1 Supervised by a series of runners who ran from post to post to relay messages verbally and through knots Road transported goods people to work at sites Networks passed tambos where goods could be stored for a short while before being delivered b Tambos 1400515005 A large storage complex for travelers to store goods Agricultural Terracing with water drainage which captures water and brings it to the soil to allow structure from collapsing thought ot blur the lines between humans and gods 1 Help prevent collection of frost c City of Cuzcos Peru Looks like a puma where city is outlined Spiritual Signi cance 1 Power represented through masonry counstructions Built city from gold a Temple of the Sun Number of rooms surrounding a court where godS are kept fairly public space b Sacsayhuaman Cuzco Peru 1400515005 vi Thought to be part of royal compound or resident Located at Cuzco s highest geographical point Here is where leaders could watch out over the landscape and administer the empire without interference Traditions for stonework found evident from Tiwanaku Bolivia stonework 1 lncans re ned the technique and created their own signature 2 Stones moved shaped transformed Stonework conveys power strength and served as a warning to invaders Throne of the rock signi cant for smooth and at which displays mastery and power and served to linked the lncans to their gods d Machu Picchu Peru 1400515005 Two main theories 1 Ancient lncan city isolated town a lost city within the clouds 2 A royal retreat most exclusive and more remote for the Incan rulers evidence pulled from size of city not being able to sustain many people lack trademanufacturereligious spacesagriculture ii Terracing for the control of water controlled water away from the platform iii Sacredness associated with site 1 Hitching post of the sun that aligns with the sun and the peaks of the Andes mimic pro les of views beyond 2 Trapezoidal windows that showcase stonework incorporating different techniques 2 Aztec Sites a City of Tenochtitlan Mexico founded 1325 i Transformed swampy lake into a forti ed city ii City is connected by three paths cause ways aligned directly with NWS iii Aquaducts that leads south for freshwater lake dikes and other mthods to prevent ooding iv Increased size of city and decreased size of lake shows forcibly changing landscape for the built environment v Built Chinampas that is made from dried silk a fertile growing bed that allowed crops to be grown on shallow waters 1 Causeways canals and chinampas of greater Tenochtitlan 132514005 2 Plaza Mayor 132514005 i Ballcourt 1 Sports where balls had to be throw into a hole and could not touch the ground 2 Game represented the battle between day and night and related to blood sacri ces ball represents head of sacri ce and being at the end of stairs illustrates the body at the end of the stairs 3 ii Templo Mayor 1 Spatial center of the Aztec world where the city began in four quarters vi PanAmerican Tradition 1 Cultural practices acknowledged Mayan Tikal culture of bloodletting and sacri ces Serpant God and the Rain God vii Theory for location of empire 1 The tribal prophecy among Aztecs that foretold that the capital would be established on a swampy island where they would see an eagle on a prickly pear cactus 3 Terms Um no Tambos storage depots large complexes for storage Ceques emanated from center of city imaginary lines that continues inde nitely that has a unifying effect with mess between spirituality lnca agricultural terracing Cyclopean stonework no mortars large stones tted together Chinampas 2315 Spanish Colonial Design The New World Order 1 Sites a Church of Santo Domingo Cuzco Peru c 1533 i Exampled of adaptive reuse of Aztec empire ii 20 years to clear out city for new architecture to be bult iii Desire to spread Christianity and head east for trade 1 b Mexico City Quest for wealth by force rather than trade Mexico Zocalo begun 15005 i Metropolitan Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary begun 1573 according to original design by Caludia de Arciniega reconstructed through 181 1 2 3 4 ii Churrigueresque a style named after 3 brothers Characterirzed by stucco decorations highly ornate enblatures pediments broken elements incorporated a Breaks down the distinction between multiple elements Use of local sandstone Barreledvaulted ceiling highly ornate Sagrario Metropolitano Mexico City 174960 designed by Lorenzo Rodriguez c City of Santo Domingo Dominican Republic founded 1496 i One of the rst Spanish settlements ii Many laid out in grids but there is no symbol of imperial power laced cardo and decumanos d City of Cholula Mexico i Plan 1580 1 Power in plan of urban city associated with building scale 2 Organized and laid out under Spanish collectives but art and design by both Spanish and Aztecs 3 Goal to suppress the natives with design grids churches etc 4 32 ratio 5 Spiritual focus is the mission ii Church of San Gabriel 154952 1 2 3 4 5 iii 1 2 3 Included dormitories separated by gender separate lifestyles Simpli ed and focuses on the word of the bad Economic religious moral purposes a Trades and business missions inspire natives to convert to Christianity Less ornate military defensive system Defensive and more stripped down effect Capilla de lndios part of Church of San Gabriel 15605 Subsidiaries chapels arcades design continuity Similar height similar style guides early designs Build on top of what is not completely destroyed showcases dominance 4 Atrio opened walled space with pathways along the side with mini chapels along the corners deemed necessary in new world a Mission churches could not always contain the numbers of mass b Attempt to accommodate native ritual practices that were always held outdoors e Laguna Pueblo New Mexico i Church of San Jose de Laguna 1699 1 Adobe sun dried earth with straws construction Spanish labors small windows native ornaments exposed beams 2 Giveand take design tradition 2 Terms a Churrigueresque b Laws of the lndies c Mission d Atrio e Adobe


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