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Week 4 Notes

by: Emily Brandenburg

Week 4 Notes 10083

Emily Brandenburg
Introduction to Sociology
Roberta Roberson

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About this Document

These are the notes from week 4
Introduction to Sociology
Roberta Roberson
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Brandenburg on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 10083 at Ohio University taught by Roberta Roberson in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 320 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Ohio University.


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Date Created: 02/06/15
February 2 2015 Watched a video Summary blue eyes were superior to brown eyes Those with blue eyes gained confidence and called those with brown eyes names and performed better than those with brown eyes Brown eyed people felt inferior embarrassed and found a hard time focusing on tasks Then the roles were switch and the same things happened The big picture is race we discriminate based on the color of an individuals skin February 4 2015 Chapter 4 Culture x Definitions 0 Culture all the shared products of society I Is not innate not born with an understanding I Provides identity age sex race religion 0 Internalized through I Belief systems into which one is born I Identification with one s group I We want to belong and will conform Asch 0 Material elements of culture desks buildings cars 0 Nonmaterial elements norms values sanctions symbolslanguage give us an identity I Norms rules 0 Shape and direct behavior 0 Become aware of them if breaking breaching 0 Others response indicates seriousness of the infraction I Norms are contextual o Dependent on time and place 0 Eg killing Norms Continuum Folkways 9 9 9 MoresTaboo I Folkways informal rules cover mouth when sneezing 0 Minor infractions sanctions I Mores more formalserious taking illegal drugs 0 More severe negative sanctions I Taboos the most serious cannibalism I Values general notionsfeelings of what s goodbad rightwrong I Sanctions pressure us to stay in line 0 Rewards to conformity positive 0 Punishments for nonconformity negative I Symbolslanguage 0 Words symbols 0 Carriers of meaning contextual 0 Symbols are not just about intellect 0 Charged emotionally February 6 2015 x The Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis Sapir amp Whorf 0 Words predispose us to perceive the world in certain ways 0 Culture is a lensfilter it organizes what we see x Attitudes towards other cultures 0 generally what we value good we have a tendency to put down other cultures x Ethnocentrism the universal tendency to depreciate the ways of people from other societies as wrong old fashioned or immoral and think of the ways of one s own group as superior as the only right way x Cultural Relativism 0 Looking at the practices amp beliefs of another culture relative to that culture


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