Week 1 notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daniel Madden on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Massachusetts taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.
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I'm really struggling in class and this study guide was freaking crucial. Really needed help, and Daniel delivered. Shoutout Daniel, I won't forget!
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Date Created: 02/06/15
12615 Anthropological Perspective on Humans Antrhopological Perspective 0 Anthropology in USA different than many areas 0 Humans in all placetimes studied Horizontal and vertical studying 0 Focus is on evolutionary mechanisms that have shaped humans 0 Humans only animal to adapt through culture Hominins 0 Humans are close related to apes gorillas orangutans chimps 0 Share 98 of DNA with chimps 0Hominins are the human branch lineage in biology and evolution 0 Several factors determine What makes a hominin 0 AnatomicalPhysiological Bipedal locomotion Large brains 39Nonhoning canings Reduced robusticity Loss of hair Position of hyoid bone Extended childhood Long post reproductive life 0 Behavioral Language Complex social interactions Culture both material and technological High quality diets High Mobility Religions Symbolic recognition 12815 Humans Across the Globe 0 Humans share common ancestor roughly 200000 years ago 0 Originated in tropical area of Africa adapting environmentally and culturally 0 Almost extinct from natural disasters that covered globe at time How Do Humans Vary 0 Allele Frequency gene pool spread across global populations 0 Have varying physical features 0 Skin color polymorphic multiple variations 0 Body Shape directly proportional to the temperature and climate ie cold weather results in shorter limbs than heat 0 Ear wax determined by alleles that result in wet A allele or dry G allele earwaX 0 Dietary Variations 0 Lactase persistence differs over global population 0 Ability to digest starch affected by amylase gene 0 Blood group polymorphisms ABO blood groups 0 Diseases 0 Examples are sickle cell allele and TaySachs disease
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