Class Note for ARH 364 with Professor Mellown at UA-Renaissance Art
Class Note for ARH 364 with Professor Mellown at UA-Renaissance Art
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
ARH FINAL EXAM NOTES Friday Nov 6 2009 Today we might be watching a movie I sure hope so St Maria Del Fui Augustino del Commissioned a 5 meters all Antonio resolino left the statue unfinished Michaengelo would select the best blocks He was contributing to refore Forging his invention We watched a movie today and did nothing else Monday November 9 2009 Michelangelo Doni Madonna c 1503 Doni in Italian means donation therefore Christ is a donation to the world Has an very elaborate frame that has emblems from the family coat of arms The only surviving panel painting This dates 1503 the same period he was working on the David The painting is somewhat indebted to the carooon of virgin and child and St Anne Leonardo was famous for his soft sweet sfumato In his preliminary drawing he is dealing with soft focus times He though the best time to paint was dawn or dusk He actually thinks like a sculptor when he paints Works with dramatic chiaroscuro The Doni tondo is an important example of michelangelo s use of very startling color combinations Breaks away from the conventional palette The colors are acidic and metallic Very typical of Michelangelo The most important figures of the tondo are the figures in the center She is twisting her body and reaching over her shoulder The there is a very sharp deivision and joseph is actually sitting on the wall and mary in front of the wall Little boy in animal skins is behind the wall It is john the sall Groups of nude male figures People have always wondered what the meaning of this configuration was Showing the three eras that were represented before Christianity Ante Legem before the law Sub Legem after the law ten commandments Coming of Christ represents the era of grace This is represented byJohn the Baptist Very complex theological interpretation Incorporated several other llpieces of art from different works remember movie When painting women uses male models or other classical figures which he transforms to women Michelangelo Bruges Madonna 150304 Figure of the virgin seems to be the same model for the pieta He had his favorite models when he got his important commissions Very beautiful work shows mary seated with the Christ child wedged between her knees She has a very sad expression on her face Called to rome by Pope Julius II He wanted his own huge tomb He wanted Michelangelo to do this He worked on this project for the next 40 years One of the biggest projects in the first yers of the 1500s Original plan called for a two story free standing structure Containing 28 statues After the pope death in 1513 it was scaled down until by 1542 the finished project was a wall tomb Had Nude bound captives They were incomplete On the second level there were supposed to be prophets and other people Sybols were female southsayers that foretold the coming of a great king This was interpreted as early christians Julius ii tomb as completed in 1547 in San Pietro in Vincoli Rome You see him today as a tourist in the church He carved it imagining it would be set up on another level Michelangelo Moses 1547 Look at his head Appears to have 2 horns It is traditional It is a misreading of medieval scholars mis interpreted the word for light rays instead of horns Now they shown him with horns Michelangelo wanted to keep the tradition of the horns Has powerful arms and legs The body twists on its central axis It is one of the best statues of the juilius tomb that is fully completed THIS KIND OF SCULPTURE IS VERY LABOR INTENSIVE Its hard dirty laborious work He has a romantic idea of releasing the image from the block and these are his creations struggling to come to life Sistine Chapel 1473 Pope Sixtus IV Portions based on the Temple of Solomon St Peters Basilica Vatican The book is king The length is twice its height and three times its width Mike was commissioned to paint the ceiling What they are going to introduce today was the chapel ceiling A concept that was most unusual Stone trellis that spans the ceiling They have ledges and opening in the ceiling In these openings are scenese from the creating In other reserced areas are phrophets and sibyls In front to back earth light to dark Adam and eve Reads from the front with the creation of light and dark and goes backward to the door and goes to eve And ends at the entrance of the door Ends with the drunkenness of noah Painting in an unusual technique Has many totally nude Ceiling and last judgement were thoroughly cleaned Showed the original colors The figures were kinda chocolate looking before With the cleaning you can see the brilliance Right above high altar is Jonah Jonah was swallowed by a whale and regurgitated by the wale Jonah foretells the resurrection It is an important positive note It is painted on a curving section Directly behind him is the wale which is shown as a giant fish Prohpet Daniel The work consist of Ignudi prophets and sybils Friday November 13 2009 Some say that the patina had been taken away Unusual color combinations Medici tombs in the church of san Lorenzo 151934 They are in this beautiful chapel Tombs are in honor of a few Medici dukes These were obscure family members Duke Guiliano and Lorenzo Neoplatonic research of the universe Both tombs are in a very imposing chapel Carved in white marble and dark grey stone Very dramatic sculpture pieces Tombs are thought to represent the first example of mannerist art The period after the high renaissance Very deliberately mannered style Playing about styles and motif It happens in architecture and painting Makes the niche shallow so the sculpture hanges The coulms Playing about figures Un comfortable effects of tension The statues represent the dukes but they are not exact likenesses Neoplatonism Your soul aspires to the idea of heaven timeless realm Spirits are now in this spiritual realm That gives you kind of a better concept of that he was trying to do here Apparently they represent night Michelangelo Last Judgement 163641 Christianity Wall behind the high altar This was because of history The catholic church was beginning to split apart Henry 8 The priest is celebrating eucharist Angry god at eye level Even the saved are anxious and very worried about the situation The last judgement was also cleaned and again some people think its too clean and cheery There are about 300 nude figures People of the church was We know what it looked like originally There was one Doesn t use haolos but Christ has a halo Christ represents a sun Appoloo is the sun god The chirst sun god Copernicus and planets revolving around sun Angry saints Torn down to hell They are goingstraight down to St Catherine Catherine wheel St Sebastian Heering at people as they are dumped into hell Sounds of the trumpets cause the dead to rise up from the ground Monday NOV 16 2009 Raphael Madonna of the Meadow Narrative paintings doll like quatrocento figures figures become the dominant focus in these works Notice in how Leonardos cartoon here The figures fill up the foreground There are very little The triangular you create a compact stable grouping that is pleasing to the eye Creates an interesting relationship between background and foreground They are different from paintings from the earlier quatrocento Difference in foreground and landscape Raphael forces us to deal with the figures in the extreme foreground Sfumato Dark to light imperceptible shading You can tell it in the face The colors are partly from Leonardo The expressions come from the way faces are handled Madonna of the land type painting Takes the virgin and places then in part of the landscape She dominates landscape Wanted paintings to remain important Uses euallateral triangle Rapheal Madonna and the Goldfinch 15055 Child is reaching out to gold finch Gold finches eat thorny things Such as thorny crowns Crucifixion Raph belle jardiniere 1508 Another images with two babies Places the horizon line so the bust or fhead of mary is siloutted with the sky Still uses elements with the earlier study of Pellegrino Raphael St George and the Dragon Before I came in Raphael Alba Madonna 1511 This work is a tondo With the Christ child and john the Baptist Raphael Madonna and the Chair 151415 Culmination of his work Plump Christ child Tondo Under the influence of Michelangelo The work is designed such a way that his head would touch the top Vitruivan man Fat baby Christ Raphael Entombment 1507 Here you can see how he is picking up influence in high renaissance paintings In this he shows the apostles taking the body of Christ away from Golgotha And am carrying the corpse towards where he will be entombed For him his its like an apostle game of tug of war Carrying the body down from the cemetery to the tomb You can see the influence of the Michelangelo He Picks up the figure of mary and uses it in his entombment Had to be inspired by Michelangelo pieta Shows his indebtness to Michelangelo Sfumato Absorbed all kinds of in Raphael Angelo Doni C 1506 Raphael Maddalena Strozzi Doni c 1506 Doni had to pay twice the agreed upon for michelangelos work Stingy guy These represents portraits from this time Rapheal is including the hands in the work They help to reveal the character of the sitter They are wearing lots of expensive jewelry Decided to renovate papal apartments Raphael Stanza della Segnatura 1509 Vatical Palace Place where pope signs documents 4 walls Humanist quadripartition of culture theology philosophy poetry justice They all have an individual law on each wall The wall that deals with philosophy The epitome of the high renaissance Poetry is portrayed in a smaller wall Oct 18 2009 Today were going over something that is right next to the sistene chapel Room of signatures Raphael Disputa Vatican Stanza della segnatura 1509 Designs in the room are meant to show the 4 humanist divisions One deals with chistianity and the other wall deals with signature concepts The other deals with poetry on one wall and justice on the other The disputa deals with the central doctrine over the catholic church The focal point of the entire fresco is in the exact center and what we are looking at is an outdoor altar It is design is that the object on top it is the object of our attention Monstance gold or precious jewels used to show off communion wafer The wafer is place in the monstrance and placed in the high altar Deals with the central focus on the catholic church which is communion Transubstantiation the bread and the wine transforms into the body and blood of Christ It is an object of contention Nature of the eucharist The trinity is shown in exact vertical axis of the eucharist Learning peple are disputing upon the mysteries of Christ They are very much concerned with the miracle of communion They are also pointing up to the trinity directly above Up in the clouds you have saints and other people The coulds are actually ghosly angels Holes are punched in the gold leaf to create sparkle at a distance God has a different type of halo The ceiling is also painted with complex frescoes and the floor is filled with School of Athens Appear to be in a have and looking into the nave The roof appears to not being completed This alludes to new st peters The architectural setting may be a reference to the new church being built on the site of the original The focal point of this painting is a couple of figures An older man and a younger man frmaed in an arch The older man is pointing upward and holding a book Older man represents plato His book is timaeus Points up The older man is Aristotle and his book is ethics Points out Surrounding them are other great thinkers designers and architects The visual arts and mathematics were also in another place in this model Art is shown to the right along with mathematics Raphael includes himself in fresco He paints Michelangelo into the painting Raphael Parnassus Stanza della Segnatura Apollo surrounded by the nine muses He paints the mountain on top of the window opening Appolo the sun god is seated on top of the mountain He is surrounded by the nine muses A muse is someone who inspires someone else to do something They and appolo are based on nine sculptures Then there are poets Virgil and dante Homer is present and shown as elderly man that is blind Sappho is famous for poetry and holding a scroll with her name on it On the right are other poets The concept of this fresco owes a lot to something Most of this is based on prophets and sybols The nine muses are very carefully delineated but according to renaissance ideal each one has a museaum At least nine of the streets named after streets in the French quarter no TheAntoni Chigi He was married and had children Also had a mistress and was one of the wealthiest kept lady in Rome Lived a life of great luxery Her friend built her a palace in across the river from his Michelangelo and Rapheal did the interiors Very significant work because now Raphael establishes the importance of classical figures Raphael Galatea c1512 Villa Farnesina rome Pagan mythology good painting for western artists Yp to the late 19 h century this is standard subject manner It is part of something It is entirely appropriate in this pleasure villa Didn t want church things mixing Shows galletea a sea nymphy who nyriad mermaid tritons mermen They are floating around having fun She is on a cockle shell boat She has a paddle wheel device Love upsets the applecart Cupids ammoreti are about to ambush galetea lf cupids shoot you with golden tip arrows you immediately fall in love silver tipped out of love She is falling in love because she hears beautiful music but has fallen in love to the unseen musician She doesn t know it polyphemous is playing the music and he is a Cyclops Villa Farnesina Logia The ceiling is painte illusionistically The ceiling has a trellis and huge tapestries Appear to be 2 tapestries Look up into the trellis flying about in the sky It is made to look like an open sky and looked around and through which show us the conclusion of the marriage of psyche Corregio Antonio Allegri da Correggio14891534 Madonna and Child with St Jerome and Mary Magdalene after 1524 The magdalen is cuddlieng the Christ child St Jerome is holding the Volgate the roman catholic bible translation rom greek into Adoration of the shephards Holy Night Scene is very intimate the Christ child is incandescent and is the light source in the picture ls Correggio Mystic Marriage of St Catherine Catherine wheel being tortured by wheels lord takes pity on her the wheel broke and killed 4000 pagans and she is decapitated instead of blood flowed milk and honey Corregio quotVision of St John the Evangelistquot dome SGiovanni Evangelista Parma 152024 Very important work He was very good at dome ceilings lllusionistic artwork such as the Camera Picta by Mategna What corregio does in his domes is that he does away with painted architecture and then the dome opens up to a limitless dome of open sky Thetier are people that are levitation people into the sky desotto in su down below looking up The clouds are breaking open creating a circular hole Made no distinction between physical and spiritual sensuality He is the best artist dealing with the concept of the rapture Rapture lets go of things that hold you from earth so as gravity Being gathered up into heaven Correggio Assumption of the Virgin 152630 Parma Cathedral Dome Mary got assumed into heaven All the angels are floating up Marys arms are outspread in extasy Lots of flesh and sexual colors In exctasy Correggio Jupiter and lo Early 1530 s Constantly guard lo Jupiter then sends down mercury to kill argos then after killing argos Jupiter still couldn t turn herself back into a woman The poor cow was tormented by callus fries They then transferred her into isis The love affair between the cloud Down there there is an image of an animal head or cow head Correggio Jupiter and Ganymede Early 1530 s Ganymede is scene as john the Baptist even though it has an erotic quality Very erotic
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