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Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from coastal habitat restoration Restoring our coasts can create more than America’s coasts are vital 30 jobs for each million to our nation’s economy. dollars invested. That’s more than twice as many They supply key habitat for over 75% of our jobs as the oil and gas In 2007, coastal nation’s commercial fish and road construction counties provided half industries combined. catch and 80-90% of the of US gross domestic recreational fish catch. product and 40% of the nation’s jobs. The US economy depends on our coasts and estuaries By 2025, 75% of Americans will live within 50 miles of a coast. Within this narrow band are estuaries—vibrant areas where freshwater mixes with saltwater to create some of the most productive ecosystems on the planet. Estuaries provide food and refuge for diverse fish, birds, and mammals. They are environmental treasures and their productivity is vital to our nation’s economy, supplying important natural resources and millions of jobs. Our US coastal regions are economic engines They: • Supply key habitat for over 75% of our nation’s commercial fish 2 catch and 80-90% of the recreational fish catch • Provide 40% of US employment 3 • Support more than 69 million jobs 4 • Generate half the nation’s Gross Domestic Product 5 • Protect almost $2 trillion in trade each year 6 • Provide $214 billion annually in leisure and hospitality jobs 7 Destroying estuaries destroys economic value Over the past century, human use and development have severely stressed these natural resources. Columbia River salmon Great Lakes wetlands 97% GONE 10 >50%13 GONE Chesapeake 11 Bay oysters 95% GONE Regional Losses 9 99% GONE Galveston Bay San Francisco seagrass Bay wetlands 12 85% GONE >50% Gulf of Mexico wetlands GONE 8 Louisiana loses wetlands at the rate of one football 8 field every hour. 2 Restoration: healthy coasts, healthy “ We are delivering planning and design solutions that are helping to restore economies the ecological health of our coasts Projects that restore coastal habitats help estuaries remain healthy, and estuaries. Not only do habitat functioning ecosystems. A healthy estuary provides clean water, supports restoration projects strengthen our fish and wildlife, protects coastal communities from storm damage, and business and improve the environment, allows for human uses such as boating and fishing. but we see first-hand their positive impact on communities and to the Restoration includes actions such as: nation’s economic prosperity. ” • Restoring water flow to floodplains and wetlands – Steve Lavinder, Vice President of • Rebuilding depleted oyster reefs CH2M HILL • Removing obsolete dams, culverts, and other obstacles to allow fish passage • Replanting salt marsh and seagrasses Investing in restoration provides long-lasting benefits to local economies, such as higher property values, better water quality, sustainable fisheries, and more tourism dollars. Annual economic value of the 14 Delaware Estuary Watershed $ MILLIONS 3,000 2,522 2,621 2,500 2,180 2,000 1,801 1,402 1,425 1,500 846 1,000 211 500 0 RecreationFish/ ForestsPublic Water Water Agriculture Navigation Wildlife Parks Supply Quality Need local jobs? Restoration jobs can’t be exported Restoration of our coasts and estuaries involves active, on-the-ground work, which requires skills and machinery available in the local workforce. The jobs are inherently local and cannot be exported. During 2010, restoration efforts for the Chesapeake Bay, Great Lakes, and Everglades contributed $427 million in economic output and supported more than 3,200 jobs.15 3 RESTORATION CASE STUDIES Restoration in New Orleans creating hundreds of jobs The Central Wetlands Unit (CWU) is a 30,000-acre expanse of degraded marsh near downtown New Orleans. Saltwater intrusion from the Gulf of Mexico killed the cypress trees that once filled the area. Now the CWU is being revitalized. The $72-million project is on track to create 280 direct jobs and 400 indirect and induced jobs, for a total of▯ 680 jobs over the project’s life. In the long term, New Orleans will see new jobs in ecosystem management, recreation, and tourism. The project will also help protect the city by acting as a flood and storm surge “sponge,” taking pressure off manmade systems. The restoration project has four stages. Phase 1, site preparation, is on track to create about 55 direct jobs. Dredging and filling are labor-intensive activities. Spending in the community will create 52 indirect and induced jobs, for a total of 107 jobs. This phase is expected to cost about $3.7 million and produce about 29 jobs per $1 million. Phase 2, pipeline construction, to bring treated wastewater to the CWU, will cost about $11 million and create about 67 direct and 107 indirect “During the economic and induced jobs. This is about 16 jobs per $1 million, in line with other recession, a habitat economic activities like green building retrofits, estimated at 17 jobs per restoration project kept $1 million. our marine transportation Phase 3, tree planting, will create about 44 direct jobs and 59 indirect business afloat. We were and induced jobs. Even with seedlings making up 83% of the budget, this able to keep many of our phase still creates about 5 jobs per $1 million. people working to rebuild a critical part of the marine Phase 4, operations and maintenance, will create 114 jobs for nutria control, pipeline repair, and landscaping over a 10-year period. This will environment that had been all but lost in North lead to 181 indirect and induced jobs. This is about 8 jobs per $1 million Carolina. ” spent, a third more than the oil and gas sector, which creates about 5 jobs for each $1 million spent.6 – Simon Rich, General Manager of Stevens Towing Habitat restoration creates more jobs Company JOBS (per $1 million spent) 35 30 32 30 28 25 20 20 15 17 10 7 5 5 0 Coastal Habitat Road Oil and Gas Green Restoration, 18, 19, 20 InfrastructurSector22 Building Projects1 Retrofits 4 RESTORATION CASE STUDIES “Hunting and fishing is about an Investing in restoration helps distressed $80 billion per year industry, which means an investment in coastal economic region in Maine restoration is also an investment in In Maine, a project is underway to remove the Great Works Dam and our nation’s economy. ” improve access to nearly 1,000 miles of historic fish habitat on the – Dale Hall, Penobscot River. The project will yield nearly $5 million in jobs for CEO of Ducks Unlimited construction workers, technical experts such as engineers, and local businesses such as nurseries, for a total of 155 to 188 direct and indirect jobs. This provides an economic benefit to a region that has been severely stressed by the economic downturn. It will create direct and indirect jobs for between 155 and 188 people: construction workers, technical experts such as engineers, and local businesses such as nurseries. Long-term ecological and environmental benefits: • Increase yearly Atlantic salmon from less than 1,000 fish today to the 10,000-12,000 range • Increase herring from a few thousand to several million fish, and American shad from near zero to 1.5 million annually • Provide new water-related tourism, such as canoeing, fishing and river festivals4 How restoration creates jobs INDUCED JOBS INDIRECT JOBS DIRECT JOBS This is multiplied by other economic activity as it cycles through the local and state economy. Restoration improves coastal habitats and helps local economies by supporting jobs. Three different types of jobs are created: direct, indirect, and induced. DIRECT JOBS: People using their skills to restore damaged wetlands, shellfish beds, coral reefs and fish passages. INDIRECT JOBS: Jobs in industries that supply materials for restoration projects, such as lumber, concrete and nursery plants. INDUCED JOBS: Jobs in businesses that provide local goods and services, such as clothing and food, to people working on restoration projects. 5 RESTORATION CASE STUDIES Everglades restoration: a 4-to-1 return on investment In south Florida, a major effort is underway to restore the Everglades. Over the past century, the construction of canals and levees for cities and agriculture has led to the loss of over 50% of these significant wetlands. Restoration will have big benefits for the Florida economy, such as: • Protection of water supply, greater availability of freshwater and reduced costs to purify water, worth $13.1 billion • Increased property values due to higher water quality in waterways and groundwater, worth $16.1 billion • More park visitation and tourism due to a healthier ecosystem, worth $2.1 billion • More fishing and hunting as wildlife populations increase, worth $15.1 billion • An additional 440,000 jobs over the next 50 years5 Return on investment of Everglades restoration $ BILLIONS 50 $46.5 45 Benefit-to-cost 40 ratio: 4:1 Real estate $16.1 35 30 Groundwater 25 purification $13.1 20 “One cannot overstate the value of preserving our natural 15 $11.5 Wildlife habitat and Recreational systems for the protection 10 hunting and commercial of people and property from $12.5 fishing $2.6 catastrophic events. ” 5 Park visitation – Frank Nutter, and open space President of the 0 $2.1 Reinsurance Initial Return on Association of America investment investment 6 RESTORATION CASE STUDIES Michigan restoration project: a 6-to-1 return on investment Restoring Muskegon Lake, on the east shore of Lake Michigan, will generate more than $66 million in economic benefits for its $10 million investment. That’s a 6-to-1 return on investment over a 10-year period. The project will generate: • A $12 million increase in property values • Up to $600,000 in new tax revenue annually • Over $1 million in new recreational spending annually • Nearly 65,000 additional visitors each year • $66 million in economic benefits over ten years • More than a 6-to-1 return on investment The restoration project will remove 180,000 tons of unnatural fill from the lake and restore several miles of shoreline habitat. North Carolina wetland restoration opens shellfish beds closed to harvesting for decades North River Farms is the largest wetland restoration project ever attempted in North Carolina. When it’s complete, the project will restore about 6,000 acres of wetlands and streams. Turning farm fields back to wetlands will lead to the reopening of nearby shellfish waters. The state’s shellfish industry is worth more than $80 million a year. Farm runoff is the main reason for the high levels of bacteria that forced the state to close shellfish beds in part of the river and adjacent creeks. The newly created wetlands are restoring the land’s natural drainage. Wetlands slow down, filter, and treat contaminated runoff. Much of the bacteria and other pollutants are being naturally removed before entering the river. In large part as a result of the ongoing project, the state of North Carolina opened 209 acres of previously closed oyster beds in North River and Ward Creek, a tributary of the river. Restoration dollars stay local PERCENT 100 90 90 ¢ 80 Money spent on habitat 70 80¢ stays restoration stays in the 60 stays in state local economy. Over 80 in county cents of each dollar spent 50 on watershed restoration 40 projects in Oregon stays in 30 the county where the project is located, and over 90 cents 20 10 of every29ollar spent stays in 0 the state. 7 Restore America’s Estuaries Restore America’s Estuaries is 2020 N. 14th Street, Suite 210 a national 501(c)(3) nonprofit Arlington, VA 22201 organization established as an 703-524-0248 alliance of eleven community-based 5314 - 17th Avenue NW, Suite A conservation organizations working Seattle, WA 98107 206-624-9100 together to protect and restore the www.estuaries.org vital habitats of our nation’s estuaries. Our mission is to preserve the nation’s network of estuaries by protecting and restoring the lands and waters essential to the richness and diversity of coastal life. Endnotes 1http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/websites/ retiredsites/natdia_pdf/3hinrichsen.pdf 2Feierabend, S.J. and J.M. Zelazny. 1987. Status Report on our Nation’s Wetlands. National Wildlife Federation: Washington, DC. 3http://www.estuaries.org/experts-say-us- 14http://www.delawareestuary.org/pdf/NatCap/ 25http://everglades.3cdn. coasts-and-estuaries-contribute-billions-to- estuary_economic_value.pdf net/79a5b78182741ae87f_wvm6b3vhn.pdf economy-but-much-at-risk.html 15http://www.doi.gov/news/pressreleases/ 26http://healthylakes.org/great-lakes- 4http://www.jointoceancommission.org/ Interior-Programs-Supported-2-Million- restoration-initiative/new-study-michigan- resource-center/1-Reports/2011-06-07_ Jobs-Nationwide-Contributed-363-Billion-in- restoration-project-to-provide-6-to-1-return- JOCI_Americas_Ocean_Future.pdf Economic-Output-during-2010.cfm on-investment/ 5http://stateofthecoast.noaa.gov/coastal_ 16http://blogs.edf.org/restorationandresilience/ 27http://hamptonroads.com/2008/06/ economy/welcome.html category/central-wetlands-unit/ nc-fishing-industry-feels-strain-reduced- 6http://www.jointoceancommission.org/ 17NOAA Restoration Center; ARRA Economic harvests resource-center/1-Reports/2011-06-07_ Impact Summary Report (In preparation) 28http://www.nccoast.org/restoration- JOCI_Americas_Ocean_Future.pdf 18http://www.doi.gov/news/ education/north-river-farms.asp 7http://www.jointoceancommission.org/ pressreleases/2010_02_23_release.cfm 29http://ewp.uoregon.edu/sites/ewp.uoregon. resource-center/1-Reports/2011-06-07_ 19 edu/files/downloads/WP24.pdf http://www.americanprogress.org/ JOCI_Americas_Ocean_Future.pdf issues/2011/02/pdf/beyond_recovery.pdf 8http://lacoast.gov/new/Data/Ed/ 20http://wilderness.org/files/Green-Jobs-Fact- Photo credits NewHistoricalland.pdf Cover: Bob Lorenz©2009 Sheet.pdf 9http://chesapeakebay.noaa.gov/oysters/ 21http://www.bikeleague.org/resources/ Page 2: Jim Olive Photography, Houston, TX oyster-restoration reports/pdfs/baltimore_Dec20.pdf Page 3: NOAA Photo Library 10 Page 4: Bob Lorenz©2009 http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/ 22http://www.americanprogress.org/ entry/Salmon#Environmental_pressures issues/2011/02/pdf/beyond_recovery.pdf Page 5: Jim Olive Photography, Houston, TX 11http://www.estuaries.org/habitat-loss- 23 Page 6: Eric Horan Photography, Beaufort, SC http://adpartners.org/tables/Job_Creation_ Page 7: NOAA Photo Library nationwide.html for_Investment_-_Garrett-Peltier.pdf 12Ibid. 24http://asf.ca/news.php?id=406, http://www. 13 PRINTED ON RECYCLED, ACID- AND CHLORINE- 8 http://www.glc.org/habitat/ habitat.noaa.gov/hlpenobscotriver.html FREE 30% POST- CONSUMER FIBER
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