Note for COM 122 with Professor Bagley at UA-Critical Decision Making
Note for COM 122 with Professor Bagley at UA-Critical Decision Making
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
COM 122Fall 2010Bagley Exam 2 Study Guide The following material will be on our second exam All materials are available either in your required course textbook or in the materials posted to eLearning Class discussions and guest lecture material ARE eligible for this test Readings in Unit IV marked quotskimquot are not being tested but our class discussion of those chapters is eligible for testing If you missed class on these days make a friend and get notes Notes on test taking 0 Allocate your time based on the points assigned for each section e don t leave the 10 point essay to the final 2 minutes after agonizing over a 1 point multiple choice 0 When reading multiple choice questions try reading backward That is start at the END of the question and find out what I am asking you then read the entire question with this in mind This technique generally helps you weed out distracting material and find the key info faster 0 Read everything provided in a question but don t read INTO the question That is don t assume or invent any other info tone sarcasm deep meanings or other unstated info in the question 0 When rereading for the test be sure to study in the negative That is if you only know what concepts ARE you are not prepared to recognize what they are NOT and to be able to eliminate decoy answers Study in clusters of terms asking yourself what things are and are not The test will be very similar to exam 1 10 matching 15 multiple choice 1 15point essay 40 points total There will be fewer extra decoy answers in the matching section and the multiple choice questions will go in order of the syllabus Unit III then IV etc I will be choosing one of the pre announced essay options on speech day You may study together or come see me to prepare for the essays The exam is in class Monday November 22 Here we go Unit Ill Cooperative Dialogue 9 1 AND 2 ARE POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTIONS 1 MM 4559 a Definition and functions ofdialogue MM p 4546 articulate ideas hear and respond to differing perspectives raise thoughtful questions evaluate our positions b Types of listening within dialogue MM pp 4647 attentive listening compassion and empathy c Definition of empathy and compassion and their roles within dialogue MM 4850 empathy is taking interest in how a person experiences her situation Compassion urges us to take interest with a nonjudgemental regard d Required skills for dialogue MM 5557 Nondefensive communication open mind balanced partiality critical selfawareness 2 Crossroads Guest Speaker Beverly Hawk materials on eLearning a Definition of dialogue used by Crossroads how does it differ from our textbook b Dialogue Debate Discussion what are the key characteristics of each c The iceberg model of culture how it does it affect our communication amp interaction Just the tip of the iceberg is what we see when there is much more of it below d quotCommon Values that Sustained Dialogues follows how do these link to our class 3 MM 81110 a Positive elements of shared culture why we seek it out b Risk or shared culture groupthink POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION HERE i Janis and Mann s 7 criteria of healthy sound decisionmaking MM 934 ii canvas alternative courses of action survey full range ofobjecties and the values implicated by the choice examine consequences of each alternative search for new relevant information assimilate new information reexamine consequences of each alt make detailed provisions for implementing the chosen course of action iii Definition of groupthink MM 95 a collective pattern of defensive avoidance iv 8 symptoms of groupthink MM 956 allusion ofinvulnerability unquestioned belief in groups morality collective effort to rationalize stereotyped views of enemy leaders selfcensorship of deviations from the apparent group concensus shared illusion of unanimity direct pressure on any member who expresses strong argument the emergence of selfappointed mindguards 1 Be able to discuss at least one famous example of groupthink confusing argumentation with disloyalty v How to avoid groupthink through skills of critical decisionmaking develop decision making procedures 4 Deliberative Democracy readings on eLearning from TIME and Economist Identify and discuss the 5 steps of delib democ polled briefed with expert report meet in small groups to come up with questions for experts listen to experts responses final poll Why is each step so important What does it bring to decisionmaking Why is this method preferred to traditional public opinion polling What was the kleroterion and how does it related to delib democ Chinese system of decision making for budget Steps resemble delib democ 5 LibraryResearch Days Fri 1015 and 1022 a b c d e What website did we use on 1015 why is it a good place to start and how do you find it Opposing Viewpoints What skills did we learn from the library session on 1022 Research for credible sites What was the name of our librarian who ran that session Melissa What step of delib democ did we use surveymonkey for For what steps did we use eLearning Pre Poll Expert Report follow up question expert report 2 then post poll 6 MM 111152 a What are inferences What function to they play in argumentation MM 11213 The solution drawn by evidence moving in the argument from what is known to what is not known b What are the 3 types of claims in argumentation How are they different MM 11517 empirical or factual value policy c What are the key aspects of the following types of evidence and how are they used in arguments i Definitions MM 13132 make possible the discovery of commonplaces presumptions and burdens of proof ii Specific instances MM 13335 1 Examples Illustrations Counter examples Hypothetical examples iii Statistics MM 1378 iv Testimony MM 138 d How do the following inference patterns facilitate argumentation i Analogy MM 144 a is to b as c is to d ii MetaphorSimile MM 145 a is like b iii Example 151 Unit IV Persuasion 1 CK 914 3137 Arguments a Deductive validity characteristics of this general pattern of reasoning see 42 lfthe premises are true then the conclusion must be true b Syllogisms common types form how the reasoning works 32 35 i Modus Ponens what is this form what is an example of it 31 If a then b then A B ii Modus Tollens what is this form what is an example of it 32 IF A then B Not B Not A c Reductio ad absurdum what is this reasoning form and why is it valid 37 Assume the opposite of what we are trying to prove and then deductively derive a conclusion claimed to be false d Deductive Invalidity i Denying the antecedent what error does this form commit What valid form is its opposite 34 Ifa thenbnot a not b it opposes Modus Tollens ii Affirming the consequent what error does this form commit What valid form is its opposite 345 If a then b then B A opposes modus ponens 2 CK 4763 Fallacies see examplesexercises pp 6470 a Be able to identify the following fallacies and know the nature of their invalidity i Appeal to authority 48 Accepting the word of alleged authorities when there is not sufficient reason to believe that they have the information we seek 1 On what grounds should we evaluate authorities Track records and axes to grind ii Inconsistency 52 when we are persuaded to accept the conclusion of an argument that contains self contradictory statements iii Straw Man 57 misrepresenting an opponent position as weak or going after a weak position while ignoring a strong one iv False Dilemma and EitherOr 578 1 What is the best way to tell these apart v Begging the Question 59 3 Case I Textbooks Friday 115 a b c d How are textbooks published How might this effect you 32627 Why and how do textbooks distort or sanitize US history 3278 What is the risk of going overboard on multiculturalism in textbooks 326 What was the name of the US historycivics quiz that we took in class How did you do American naturalization of citizenship 4 CK 3843 Arguments II a b Inductive validity characteristics of this general pattern of reasoning see 42 Induction by enumeration 38 i What are the key factors for building a strong enumeration argument Analogy 39 i What are the key factors for building a strong analogy argument Statistical Induction 40 i How does an arg by statistical induction differ from using stats as evidence for any other type of speech Higher level inductions 40 Causal arguments 41 i What are some reasons that we love causal arguments so much What does concatenation mean 41 5 CK 93104 and MM 26978 Fallacies see exercisesexamples pp 110120 a CK 93104 Be able to identify these fallacies and know the nature of their invalidity i Hasty conclusion CK 93 Accepting an argument on the basis of relevant but insufficient info or evidence Questionable cause CK 95 Labeling A as the cause of B on evidence that is insufficient negativeor unrepresentative or in serious conflict with well established high level theories Questionable analogy CK 99 Drawing an analogical conclusion when the cases compared are not relevantly alike Questionable statistics CK 101 Employing statistics that are questionable without further support 1 Creation of stats vs Usage of stats see CK 103 2 Good Stat used that do not really prove the conclusion b MM 269278 Be able to identify these fallacies and know the nature of their invalidity I ii iii iv v vi vii viii Review straw man argument 269 Review begging the questioncircularity 270 Nonsequitor 271 Appeal to ignorance 272 Appeal to popular prejudice 272 Appeal to tradition 2734 Ad hominem 274 Review false dilemmaeither oroversimplification 275 Review post hoc 277 Review faulty comparisonanalogy 2778 6 Case ll Irony in the News Friday 1112 9 POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION HERE 3 What are the main charges Hart amp Hartelius make against Jon Stewart b What are the main arguments Harriman and Bennett offer in his defense C What insight did our expert witness provide about the recent rally on this issue cl What was the verdict of the trial Innocent but punishment 7 Case Ill Advertising Guest Lecturer Dr Kristin Heflin Monday 1115 a 8 CK 15170 What does the cognitive meaning of a word entail 151 Lecture slides and discussion from Dr Heflin will be tested What does its emotive meaning involve 152 What are examples of euphemistic language 15355 How do they effect argument What function does tone have as a rhetorical device 159 What on earth is a weasel word What effect does it have in public speaking 163 What does framing theory address Is this practice ethical Effective 170
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