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Answers Exercise No. 1 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. sentence 5. clause 9. phrase 13. phrase 2. clause 6. phrase 10. sentence 14. clause 3. phrase 7. sentence 11. sentence 15. clause 4. phrase 8. clause 12. sentence 16. sentence Exercise No. 2 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. Both Hoda and her mother were blamed. 2. Neither Hoda nor her mother was blamed. 3. He is a government employee as well as a farmer.. 4. Not only does he work hard but he finds time to play also. 5. He came to see me, so , he stayed for a month. 6. He has both time and money to play tennis. 7. I told him that she does not fit, nevertheless , he insisted on marrying her. This is a very heavy loss, yet , you should not stop at all. 8. 9. I did not cause any harms, then , why do you blame me?. 10. She may send a telegram, or else , she may come tomorrow. 11. Neither can I believe that such a child can buy a gun nor can I believe that he can use it. When the murder was committed, I was having an operation at a hospital, so , it is 12. impossible to be accused. 13. He bought neither a car nor a flat. Or: Neither did he buy a car nor a flat. 14. Her father died last month, and therefore , she is the heiress ﺙﻴﺭﻭ of forty feddans. Exercise No. 3 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. The wind was cold, but , I felt warm. 2. It was raining, so , we decided to stay indoors. 3. Hurry up, or , you'll be late for school. 4. The weather was windy, rainy and cold. 5. He told the truth, but , no one believed him. 1 6. Can you fix the lamp? or is it too high? 7. She studied hard, but , she failed. 8. She studied hard, so , she succeeded 9. She neitherstudied hard norsucceeded. Or: Neitherdid she study hard norshe succeed 10. He's not onlyintelligent, but he's also hard-working. Or: Not onlyis he intelligent; he is hard-working as well. Exercise No. 4 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. Neither did he cheat nor did he lie. Not onlywas he kind, but he was also brave. 2. 3. Either he went home or to the club. 4. Neither did he sell his car, nor did use it. 5. Not onlydoes she clean the house, but she also cooks dinner. Exercise No. 5 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. Either, or 5. either, or 2. not only, but also 6. nor 3. or, so 7. but 4. nor (neither) 8. neither, nor Exercise No. 6 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. Remember our friendship. 2. We do not know his reasons for breaking it. 3. I know the causes of her failure. 4. I expect their arrival here. 5. She didn’t tell us her age. 6. None knows its owner. 7. They can guess our ways of getting money. 8. We discovered her cleverness. 9. You should know the height of the hill. 10. I do not know the depth of this canal. 11. Tell me the reason of your absence. 12. I don’t know the time of the flood. 13. It is essential to think before acting. 14. Most of the members repeated his speech. 15. He seems to be glad. The policeman knew the place of the crime. 16. 2 17. Do you know the cost of this house? 18. His arrival tomorrow is certain. 19. Bring the necessary things with you. 20. We know the designer of the house. 21. We must hope for his recovery. 22. Don’t forget the place of the examination (exam). 23. He spoke along time of his sufferings. 24. We agreed to his suggestion. 25. Tell me your length. 26. I am sure of the usefulness of this book. 27. The patient hoped to recover quickly. 28. His young was evident to all. 29. His intelligence was clear to every one. 30. Tell me the number of the boys in this class. Exercise No. 7 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ I) 1. The minerals which are found in Egypt are in great quantities. 2. The boat which is on the river has no sails(ﺔﻋﺭﺸﺃ. 3. The policeman warned (ﺭﺫthe boy who was driving quickly. 4. Those boys whom you made work hard must have good food.. 5. The man helped the girl whom he had met in Gaza. 6. Samy whose book I had found was weeping. 7. The boy whose answers were correct answers was very clever. 8. I took all these things that I need. 9. This is the man whom (that) I met in London. 10. The man who (that) was driving a car was killed. 11. I bought this stereo which (that) doesn’t work properly, last week. 12. He’s the person who (that) is going to be fired(ﺩﺭﻁﻴ). 13. That is the journalist whose article made quite a sti(ﻙﻴﺭﺤﺘ / yesterday. I’m the man whose wallet you stole. 14. 15. They sent a new teacher who (that) looks nice. We didn’t like the housemaid whom the agency sent. 16. Or: We didn’t like the housemaid who was sent by the agency. 17. Nadia, who has been listening to our conversation, looked angry. 18. I climbed up the stairs which were newly-painted. II) 1. which (who, that) 6. that (which) 11. whose , which 2. which (that) 7. which 12. what, which 3. who 8. who 13. which 4. whose 9. whom 14. whose 5. who 10. whose 3 III) 1. what 6. why 2. where 7. when 3. how 8. what 4. whom 9. who 5. where 10. when IV) 1. The captain was the last man to leave the sinking ship. 2. Tourists traveling abroad a lot should make prior reservations (ﻕﺒﺴﻤ ﺯat hotels. 3. The man being sick was brought to the doctor. 4. Students punished yesterday are to report the headmaster’s office. 5. He was the only student to understand the lesson. 6. Guns fired recently are easy to detect. 7. Mona was the first person to see the flying saucer (ﺭﺌﺎﻁ ﻥﺤ.) 8. The car stolen from the garage was returned to its rightful owner. 9. Plants watered by salty water seldom survive. 10. People wanting to survive a nuclear was should build proper shelters (ﺊﺠﻼﻤ) V) 1. Romeo and Juliet, whose families hated each other, were deeply in love. 2. The friend for whom I was waiting didn’t come. Or: The friend that I was waiting for didn’t come. 3. “Swiss Family Robison”, is a story about family whose ship sank near a desert island. 4. I saw several apartments (ﺔﻴﻨﻜﹸ of which few were suitable. 5. I was given this address by my friend whom (that) I met at the airport. 6. The man who (that) answered the phone said that it was the wrong number. 7. The bed on which I slept on had no springs. Or: The bed which (that) I slept on had no springs. 8. Before the Gulf War, the roads were crowded with refuges of whom many were hungry. 9. Rashid whose leg is still in a plaster cast, will have to watch the match on T.V. 10. He wanted to visit me at 11 p.m. which didn’t suit me at all. VI) 1. that my aunt gave me 2. which I bought 3. who robbed the old lady 4. that won’t start 5. who has been robbed VII) 1. The house they built fell down after two months. 2. The bus, arrived late was full. 3. The money he borrowed from his friend was lost. 4. She was the most beautiful girl to attend the party. 5. The street leading to the university is very wide. 4 6. Buildings built fifty years ago are more robust ﻱﻭﻗthan those are built these days. 7. The man I saw at the party yesterday turned out to be my new boss. 8. Books boring him were usually thrown into the waste basket. 9. Being the last person to arrive that night, he was obliged to sit near the kitchen door. 10. He said that bonds ﺕﻻﺎﻔﻜ / ﺕﺎﻤﺍﺯﺘ,purchased ﺀﺍﺭﺸ last month ,made a large profit ﺔﻤﺨﻀ ﺓﺩﺌﺎﻓ /ﺩﺌﺎﻋ . VIII) 1. (whom, that) 6. whom 2. (which, that) 7. which 3. (which, that) 8. (which, that) 4. who 9. whose 5. (which, that) 10. which .(لﺍﺅﺴﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﻤ 8 ،5 ،3 ،2 ،1 ﻉﻭﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ) ﻍﺍﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻑﺫﺤﺒ ﻁﻘﻓ لﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻜﻴ ﻱﺃ ،ﺎﻬﻓﺫﺤ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﺱﺍﻭﻗﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ لﺼﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﺌﺎﻤﻀ ü IX) non-defining: Many people were injured in the capital Zaire, where 10.000 students took 1. part in a demonstration (ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻅ.) 2. defining: The river that flows through Cairo is the Nile. 3. non-defining: The Nile, which flows through Cairo, is the longest river in the world. 4. non-defining: I went to see their home, which I liked very much. 5. non-defining: Professor Ali, who teaches chemistry, is a good teacher. X) 1. The reason why he is angry is not known. 2. This is a book on astronomy which is the best. 3. We are living in times that are profoundly disturbing. 4. I ended up by making a speech, which and I hadn't wanted to. Exercise No. 8 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. The destroyed road joined two cities. .ﻥﻴﺘﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﻁﺒﺭﻴ ﻥﺎﻜ ﺩﻟﺍ ﻕﻴﺭﹼ ﻟﺍ 2. The writer of these papers died many years ago. .ٍﺩﻴﺩﻋ ٍﺕﺍﻭﻨﺴ ﺫﻨﻤ ﺕﺎﻤ ﻕﺍﺭﻭﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺏﺘﺎﻜ The inventor of this rocket made more advanced rockets. 3. .ﺎﻘﺘ ﺭﺜﻜﺃ ﺦﻴﺭﺍﻭﺼ ﻊ ﹶﻨﺼ ﺥﻭﺭﺎﺼﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻉﺭﺨﻤ 4. Their employees are very clever. .ﺍﹰﺩﺠ ﻥﻭﺭﻫﺎﻤ ﹸﻔﻅﻭﻤ 5. The stories written by him are tragedies. .ﺔﻴﻭﺎﺴﺄﻤ ِﺘﻁﺴﺍﻭﺒ ﺔﺒﻭﺘﻜﻤﻟﺍ ﺹﺼﻘ ِﻟﺍ 6. The owner of the damaged car is still alive. .ﺓﺎﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﻗ ﻰﻠﻋ لﺍﺯﻴ ﻻ ﺓﺭﻤﺩﻤﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺎﻤ 7. The manuscripts found in the desert clear many things. .ﺓﹰﺭﻴ ﺎﻴﺸ ﻭﺘ ﺀﺍﺭﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻭﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻭﻁﺨﻤﻟﺍ 8. The very old papers are written in a strange language. .ٍﻓﻭﺭﻌﻤ ﺭﻴﻏ) ٍﺔﺒﻴٍﻐﻠﹸﺒ ﹰﺔﺒﻭﻜﺘﻤ ﹰﺍﺩﺠ ﺔﻤﻴﺩﻘﻟﺍ ﻕﺍﺭﻭﻷﺍ 5 Exercise No. 9 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. Winds which are violent pull out trees. 2. The students answered the difficult questions. 3. People who are illiterate will be educated. 4. The man who is playing the piano is my friend. 5. The girl with the golden hair answers well. 6. My friend bought an old car. 7. Our soldiers who are brave have freed our land. 8. He thought by his broad mind that he has helped us. 9. Written books by hand are put in museums. 10. Minerals which are found in Egypt will help in developing the country. 11. By working hard, students always attain (ﻎﹸﻠﺒﻴ/ ﻕﻘtheir ends. 12. The passengers who are on this train escaped death. 13. People like friends who are faithful. 14. The carpenter repaired the chair which was broken. 15. Heavy clouds caused rain today. 16. People who have narrow minds always face troubles. 17. We admire people whose spirit is unconquerable. 18. Children who have no homes should be housed in healthy homes. 19. The goods in the shop window were damaged by fire. 20. A book which gives knowledge is useful. Exercise No. 10 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ I) 1. I waited for a long time till (until) he appeared. The game started afterwe had arrived at the football field. 2. Or: The moment we arrived at the football field, the game started. 3. As soon as he arrived at a certain time, I went home. 4. Aftermy father had finished his work, he went home. 5. Immediately I had studied my lessons, I went to bed afterwards. 6. We have done no work since he went a way yesterday. 7. Afterthey had crossed the canal, they attacked the enemy. 8. No soonerhad the Egyptian soldiers appeared than the Israeli soldiers disappeared. 9. While I was washing my hands, the telephone rang. 10. The children came while (as) she was sitting at the table. 6 II) 1. I was in the university orsince 1995. 2. than we missed the jewels. 3. after he had made a mistake. 4. when the teacher entered the class. 5. when he lost his visa (passport) (money). 6. when they met their friend. 7. he came. 8. he entered the exams. III) 1. I didn’t know him until his speaking (speech). 2. No one could believe him after lying (ﺏﺫﻜ). 3. The sick pupil forgot every thing on sitting for the exam. 4. He had not prepared himself before he entered the exam. 5. Afterthey had prepared every thing, they set out for the picnic. 6. Immediately on meeting him than he informed him of his success. 7. When you do your duty, you should not be shamed. 8. Immediately afterattack مﻮﺠھ, they escaped. 9. No soonerhad he reached school than the bell rang. 10. On speaking to him, he was angry. 11. Don’t write till giving you order. Or: till giving an order to you. 12. The world has changed since the discovery of the atomic power. Exercise No. 11 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ I) 1. He could not see because he was blind. 2. He was angry as he lost his watch. 3. He could not play well since he was not trained well. 4. He could not walk because his leg was broken. 5. He suffers from cough as he smokes much. II) 1. as he was tried. 2. because he failed in the exams. 3. since her parents were died. 4. forhe has not got any money. Or: forhe is poor) 5. the police arrested him (I called the police). III) 1. He failed because he was lazy. 2. As (Because) he is brave, he defeated his rival .(ﻪ ِﺎ ﻡﺯﻫ) 7 3. Because he was tired, he went to bed. 4. We couldn’t study owing to being (presence of) much noise. 5. Due to the hotness (of the day), they decided to spend it on the beach. The boy was punished because of his carelessness. 6. Or: Being careless, the boy was punished. 7. He was put in prison as he behaved badly. 8. As he is intelligent, he could overcome his difficulties. 9. The travelers suffered a great deal as a result of not having enough water. 10. As Egypt is full of monuments, tourists visit it all the year round. Exercise No. 12 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ I) 1. He went home that he might take a rest. 2. They spent the day on the mountain in the hope that they might enjoy the fresh air. 3. The students worked hard in orderthat they might be afraid to fail. 4. She went to the doctor in order that the doctor might examine her. 5. They kept the child in a warm room forfearthat he might (should) take cold. 6. They travelled to Egypt aiming that (in orderthat) they might spend the holiday. 7. The doctor cleaned the instruments for fear that he might be afraid the wound would fester . ﻠﺘﻴ) Or: The doctor cleaned the instruments lestthe wound should be festered. 8. My uncle left for Europe in the hope that he might find a new job. 9. He told me a funny story in orderthat I might forget my sadness. Or: He told me a funny story in orderthat he might forget me my sadness. 10. She answered perfectly aiming that (in the hope that) she might get the top prize. II) 1. they may find good books. 2. they may be happy. 3. they find good jobs (Or: may learn). 4. they should not attend the first lesson. 5. he should escape. 6. the students might understand. 7. they might fish. 8. they may get a lot of knowledge. III) 1. He went home in orderthat he might study his lessons. 2. They got up early in orderto enjoy the fresh air. He disguised ﺭﻜﻨﺘ himself lest he should be recognized. 3. Or: He disguised ﺭﻜﻨﺘ himself forfearthat he might be recognized. 4. The policeman hurried in orderto catch the thief. 5. The army marched quickly that they might surprise the enemy. 6. He saved his money so as not to fall in trouble. Or: He saved his money forfearing of falling in trouble. 8 7. The pupils listened carefully so thatthey might understand the lesson. 8. He hurried to the station forfearthat he might miss the train. Or: He hurried to the station forfearthat (lest) he should miss the train. 9. My uncle traveled to Europe in orderto (aiming to) take a degree. 10. I study aiming to (to) succeed. 11. Many of our soldiers sacrificed their lives so that they might free our land. 12. We waged ﻥ ﺸ the war so as to ( to / in orderto) restore our land. 13. We decided to conquer ﺭﻬﻘﻴIsrael in orderthat we might break the myth ﺓﺭﻭﻁﺴﺃ of her army. 14. The boys escaped forfearthat they might be punished. 15. They met in orderthat they might discuss the new plan. General Exercise No. 13 ﻡﺎﻋ ﻥﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. Do you know her address. 2. I shall find him anywhere. 3. In the sunshine, ice will melt. 4. Just on hearing their steps, he ran away. 5. Working for them, he earned much money. 6. Having finished her lectures, she went home. 7. Having supper, all lights went out. 8. We cannot do anything till his arrival. 9. Just on smelling it, she fainted. 10. Immediately on leaving their house, they cried for help. 11. Just on opening the door, two men rushed. 12. On his way to school, she met him. 13. Frightening her, she will not return home. 14. She is quite unconscious during the operation. 15. Being abroad, she ran all his shops. 16. They dismissed him because of his carelessness. 17. Remember these facts for their importance. 18. He was very angry because of her insults. 19. They killed him for refusing to obey them. 20. Becoming seriously ill, he has not been allowed to smoke 21. Cover our food for fear of flies. 22. We arranged everything well in order to make his wedding party a lovely one. 23. He went to the market to buy a camel. 24. She pays him regularly so as to let her sell her goods. 25. I shall do everything to help you. 9 Exercise No. 14 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ I) 1. The aero-plane flew so fast that no one could see it. 2. The mountain is so high that no one could climb it. The journey was so tiring that I fell asleep. Or: It was such a tiring journey that I fell asleep. 3. Or: Such a tiring journey was it that I fell asleep. Or: So tiring was the journey that I fell asleep. 4. The flowers are so beautiful that it is a shame to pick them. It was such a boring book that I couldn't finish it. 5. Or: The book was so boring that I couldn't finish it. It was such a long flight that we had three meals on board. 6. Or: The flight was so long that we had three meals on board. 7. It was such pretty dress that I couldn't resist it. Such large boxes were they that we couldn't send them by air. 8. Or: They were such large boxes that we couldn't send them by air. Or: The boxes were so large that we couldn't send them by air. 9. He was so fat that he couldn't get through the door. Or: So fat was he that he couldn't get through the door. I was so busy that I couldn't answer the telephone. 10. Or: Such a busy man was I that I couldn't answer the telephone. Or: I was such a busy man that I couldn't answer the telephone. II) 1. The child became too ill to leave his bed. 2. He was so honest that every one trust him. He was too frightened to move. 3. Or: He was frightened enough to move. Or: He was frightened enough formoving. 4. The enemy soldiers were too cowardly to resist. 5. Our soldiers were brave enough to destroy the enemy. 6. They walked so slowly that they couldn't catch the train. 7. He was too annoyed to speak. The building is so high that we can't reach it. 8. Or: So high is the building that we can't reach it. 9. He spoke too foolishly to leave. 10. Some people are too short-slighted to appreciate matters. 11. The pyramids are strong enough to remain for centuries. 12. The moon is so bright that you can read a book 13. We were too impatient to wait. 14. The fruit is so ripe that we can pick. The flat is so wide that they can live in. Or: It is such a wide flat that they can live in. 15. Or: Such a wide flat is it that they can live in. Or: So wide is the flat that they can live in. 10 III) It is too cold (forus) to go out. 1. Or: It is not hot enough (forus) to go out. 2. You are clever enough to understand perfectly. 3. It is too dark to see. Or: It is not light enough (forme) to see. I am too old to wear this kind of hat. 4. Or: I am not young enough to wear this kind of hat. 5. I am rich enough to buy your whole hotel. 6. He is too ill to eat. 7. You are thin enough to slip between the bars. 8. He was too furious ﺏﻀﺎﻏ / ﺎﹰﻅﻴﻏ ﺯﻴﻤto speak. 9. Our car is not too narrow to get through those gates. 10. The ice is thick enough (for us) to walk on. 11. He was too drunk to answer. It is too cold to have breakfast in the garden. 12. Or: It is not hot enough to have breakfast in the garden. Exercise No. 15 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ I) 1. Although the battle was fierce, we could win it. Or: Howeverfierce the battle was, we could win it. 2. Though the distance was too far, we could cover it in a short time. 3. Even though (Although, Though) the road was bad, they crossed easily. 4. Even if he was very hungry, he refused to eat. Or: Howeververy hungry he was, he refused to eat. Although it is late, we shall stay a little longer. 5. Or: Howeverlate it is, we shall stay a little longer. 6. Though he was highly educated, he behaved unwisely. 7. Although (Though, Even though) I warned him much, he made the same mistakes. II) 1. In spite of having a car, he often uses a bus. 2. Despite being strong, he cannot bend this bar. Or: Despite his strength, he cannot bend this bar. In spite of being intelligent, he behaved wrongly. 3. Or: In spite of his intelligence, he behaved wrongly. 4. In spite of reading books, his knowledge is limited. 5. I shall buy a car regardless of cost. 6. Although he was strong, he could not fight two men. 7. Though (Although) he is wealthy, he does not help the poor people. 11 Howevercourage he was, he escaped. 8. Or: Although he was courage, he escaped 9. Regardless of (Not with standing) the violent resistance, we could conquer them. 10. Regardless of mistakes, I forgave him. Although he was serious ill, he went on working. 11. In spite of caution, he fell into troubles. 12. Or: In spite of being cautious, he fell into troubles. 13. Whatevergreat efforts he did, he failed to attain his ends. Despite of his good name, he faced troubles 14. Or: Despite of having a good name, he faced troubles. 15. In spite of being clever, he failed to answer well. Or: In spite of (his) cleverness, he failed to answer well. Exercise No. 16 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ I) 1. The house will be built as I want. 2. Everything happened as it was planed. 3. He jumped as if he had been a champion. 4. The car ran very quickly as though it were a plane. 5. She walked proudly as if she were a queen. II) 1. He lives according to his salary. 2. He fought bravely. 3. They carried out the project according to his planning (in accordance with (his) planning). 4. The child was behaving as if he had been his grandfather. 5. Salah Eddin was a good warrior (لﺘﺎﻘﻤ /ﺏﺭﺎas this book says (tells). 6. Smoking is forbidden as the police ordered. Or: As the police ordered, smoking is forbidden. The student worked in the way (manner) of scientist. 7. Or: The student worked in a scientific way (manner). 8. Use the plain brush as I told (taught) you. 9. The student of medicine was skilful (skillful) as if he were a doctor in an operation. 10. He spoke foolishly as if (as though) he was mad. Exercise No. 17 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ I) 1. He received less money than I did (he wanted). 2. I am not so old as my father. 3. He does not work so well as Adel. 4. The more attention a pupil pays, the more marks theymay(will) get. 5. The more quickly we run, the earlierwe may (shall) getthere. 12 6. The thinner the man is the smallercloths he will wear. 7. The easier the question is the fasterI can answer(solve). 8. He can write as clearly as I do (as Ahmed does) (as I told him) (as I taughthim). II) 1. Ali and his brother are not equal in intelligence. Or: Ali and his brother are not equallyintelligent. He and his brother are equally good atwriting. 2. Or: He and his brother are equal in good writing. 3. He and his father are equal in tallness. 4. He is as generous as his brother (is). 5. He is as short as his brother (is). He and his brother were not equal in stupidity. Or: He and his brother were not equallystupid. 6. Or: He and his brother were different in stupidity. Or: He and his brother were not of the same stupidity. 7. The first film was not so interest as the second one was. 8. The son is as clean as his daughter. Exercise No. 18 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ 1. has 1. had won / bought 2. would / had 2. obeyed / would not stop I 3. comes / shall II 3. eat 4. were / would 4. told 5. had stayed 5. would win Exercise No. 19 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ Without showing me the way, I should have missed the way. 1. Or: Withoutshowing the way to me, I should have missed the way. 2. They would have done it in case of knowing how. 3. If he was very rich, he would buy a new car. 4. If he confides (ـﺒ ﻕﺘﺜﻴ) in himself, he can overcome his problems. 5. By (With) (In case of having) strong determination, he would stop smoking. Without being cautious (ﺭِﺫﺤ ), he would have lost his money. 6. Or: Without caution (ﺭﹶﺫﺤ ), he would have lost his money. If he was not intelligent, he would suffer much. 7. Or: Unless he was intelligent, he would suffer much. 8. If you permit (ﻥﺫﺄﻴ) to me, I shall go. Unless he had helped me, I should have lost my life. 9. Or : If he had not helped me, I should have lost my life. 10. In case of stealing (stealth) the money by the servant, the police would arrest him. 13 11. In case of being wise, he would overcome his difficulties. 12. If we hadn't money, we shouldn't buy our needs. Or: Providing thatwe had no money, we shouldn't buy our needs. 13. Having come yesterday, he would have enjoyed the party. 14. With (By) (Incase of) participating (participation) harder, she would become a good musician. 15. If you take these toys away, the children will cry. 16. With taking my advice, you will not go. 17. In case of (By) touching the wire, you will get a nasty shock (ﹰﺍﺩﺠ ﺔﻴﺫﺅﻤ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻬﻜ ﺔﻤﺩﺼ). 18. Without going to the doctor, you will not get better. 19. If you look out of the window, you will see a wonderful scene. 20. If they hadnothad a terrible weather, they would have climbed the top of the mountain. Or: Unless they had had a terrible weather, they would have climbed the top of the mountain. Health is better than wealth. 14 Exercise No. 20 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ General exercises on Adverbial Clauses and Phrases I) 1. In spite of being partners, they are not on good terms. (ﺔﺒﻴﻁ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ) 2. She refuses his proposal (ﺽﺭﻋ) despite of being a king. 3. In spite of his cleverness, the police arrested him. 4. Roshdy is a clever doctor enough to make many people go to his clinic. 5. The teacher spoke too quickly to write. 6. The box was wide enough forthe two babies to sleep inside it. 7. The box was too narrow forthe woman to sleep inside it. 8. That fellow was silly enough to make me leave the room. 9. Coming to me, I shall forgive him. 10. Having stayed at home, she would have received the telegram. 11. Without (But for) the Nile, Egypt would be a desert. 12. Without obeying me, the work would stop. 13. Having forgotten identity card (ﺔﻴﺼﺨﺸ ﺔﻗ, you could have shown them your driving license . II) 1. The work had begun before they came. 2. Having supper, the lights went out. 3. The cups which (that) my sister Huda brought are very precious. 4. In spite of all his crimes, they set him free. 5. He was so afraid that he could not move. 6. Such a good fellow is Salem that he will be easily elected. 7. No soonerhad the driver stopped the car than another car ran into it. 8. Withoutthe Nile, Egypt would be a desert. 9. I shall buy a car whateverit costs me. 10. He was so kind that he gave her enough money. III) 1. Remember our friendship 2. I know the reason for her faint. 3. His innocence is surely. 4. Her age is her secret. 5. None knows the owner (of it) His money source can be guessed (by me). Or: I can guess his money source. 6. Or: I can guess the way by which he got money. 7. Migrating birds have strong wings. 8. Broken cup is useless. 9. Divided house cannot stand. 15 10. Valuable illustrations are kept in museums. 11. New buildings stand in the place of the old cottages. 12. He made friends everywhere. 13. I know her address. 14. I know the reason of her absence. 15. On working with them, he made much money. 16. On arriving (arrival), she bought flowers. 17. Before return (returning) home, she had bought that car. 18. Opening the door, he shot her. 19. Immediately after appearance (appearing), they fired. 20. During traveling (travel) in France, he met Nabil. 21. Because of his carelessness, they dismissed him. Or: Being careless, they dismissed him. 22. Remember these facts for their importance. 23. Because of his disobedience (ﻥﺎﻴﺼ, they killed him 24. Owing to suffer (suffering) from cancer, he has stopped smoking 25. He had removed his fingerprints to (so as to / in order to) mislead the police. 26. He went to the market to (in order to) buy a camel. 27. He pays him two pounds everyday to let her sell her goods. 28. She is clever enough to guess (the truth). 29. She refuses to stay with him in spite of his love. 30. Despite having much money, he cannot buy health. Or: Despite his money, he cannot buy health. 31. I shall find a way despite all difficulties. 32. She refuses his proposals in spite of being a king. 33. Ahmed is a clever doctor enough to many people to go to his clinic. 34. The teacher spoke too quick to write. 35. The box is wide enough to put her baby inside it. 36. The box was too small forthe woman to get inside it. Or: The box was not wide enough forthe women to get inside it. 37. In case of (By) going to the lawyer, he would find a way. In case of (By With) obeying me, he would have gained much money. 38. Or: Obeying me, he would have gained much money. 39. With obeying her, she will not give him money. IV) 1. Tell me the reason of your absence. 2. I do not know when the flood (ﻥﺎﻀﻴﻔoccurs (happens). 3. It is essential that man thinks (should think) before he acts. 4. Most of the members repeated his speech (words).. He seems glad. 5. 6. The policeman knew where the crime had happened. 7. Do you know how much this book costs. 8. That he will arrive tomorrow is certain. 9. Bring the necessary things with you. 10. We know who designed the house. 11. We must hope that he recovers quickly. 12. Don’t forget the place of the examination. 16 13. He spoke a long time what he suffers. 14. We agreed to what he suggested. 15. Tell me your length. 16. I am sure of that the book is not useful (is useless). 17. The patient hoped to recover quickly. 18. That he is young was evident ﺢﻀﺍﻭto all. 19. That he was intelligent was clear to everyone. 20. Tell me how many boys are there in this class. A bad workman always blames his tools. 17 Exercise No. 21 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ General exercises on Clauses and Phrases I) 1. would 26. whatever 2. will give 27. large enough 3. wouldn’t make 28. determination 4. rains 29. Owing to 5. whatever 30. In spite of 6. whoever 31. however 7. wherever 32. Whatever 8. whichever 33. equal 9. would be 34. what 10. had had 35. According to 11. had known 36. In accordance with 12. had been 37. Owing to 13. would build 38. By 14. listened 39. too 15. hurry 40. such 16. would be 41. As soon as 17. will fall 42. when 18. will catch 43. too 19. shall take 44. till 20. so 45. had he won 21. was he 46. was the doctor 22. However 47. lest 23. more 48. because 24. hot enough 49. since 25. were 50. Even if II) 1. The man driving the car is my brother. Or: My brother is driving the car. 2. A man in a black coat will meet you at the bus stop. 3. Do you know the address (whereabouts) of our hotel? 4. We asked him the reason for selling his car. 5. I’m sorry for not coming in time. 6. He flew to London to visit his uncle. 7. The questions were too difficult to answer. 8. On reaching the moon, the astronauts raised the flag. 9. He kept his money in the bank in order not to spend it. 10. Because of the rain, the ground was wet. 11. He has taken his punishment in a manly way. (as a man, with manliness …..etc). 18 12. By walking faster, he wouldn’t miss his train. 13. He admitted having stolen the money. 14. That was the reason for his angry (getting angry) with me. 15. Speak slowly to him in order to make him understand you. 16. Having taken off his hat and overcoat, he sat down. 17. They lost the game because of (due to) playing badly. 18. He acted like a judge. Or: He acted in a judicial manner (way). 19. Nothing will please me more than seeing you again. 20. He jumped from the second floor window to escape (avoid being caught by) the police. Necessity is the mother of invention. 19 Exercise No. 22 ﻥـﻴﺭﻤﺘ General exercise on Kind of Sentences I) 1. simple 6. compound 2. compound 7. simple 3. simple 8. simple 4. compound 9. compound 5. complex 10. complex II) No. The subordinate clause Its kind 1. that he broke the window noun clause 2. which was of great interest adjective (relative) clause 3. after I had left adverb clause of time 4. As he was ill adverb clause of reason 5. which was about to explode adjective clause 6. that the king was ailiﻙﻋﻭﺘﻤ noun in apposition to subject “news” 7. Although he was poor adverb clause of contrast or concession 8. than I am adverb clause of comparison who had gone blind 9. adjective clause 10. lest he should be awake all night adverb clause of purpose 11. however he lay awake all night adverb clause of contrast 12. So long as you don’t exceed your income adverb clause of condition 13. Provided you revise your lessons adverb clause of condition 14. Hardly he had arrived when adverb clause of time No bees, no honey, no work, no money. 20
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