Note for HD 101 with Professor Stinnett at UA-Life Span Humn Develpmnt
Note for HD 101 with Professor Stinnett at UA-Life Span Humn Develpmnt
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
III Social Emotional Dev A Intimacy vs Isolation gt Love a Intimacy warm close relationship b Trust in other B Family Life Cycle a Leaving Home C Marriage a Becoming a new family i New roles w parents and inlaws ii Couple identity traditions etc b Learning to live together i Compatibility morning vs night toothpaste tube etc ii Who does which chores iii Communicating keep it iv Creative con ict v Managing money c Good relationship intimacy D Becoming Parents a Also begins in young adult years b Stresses and strains i Time energy fatigue ii Decreases in marriage satisfaction iii Money strain c Rewards i Family love ii Care for next generation E Parents with Adolescents a Couple at midlife MAA b Children in adolescence F Empty Nest a Launching children they start cycle b Grandparenthood c Care of own elderly G Later life a Grandparenthood b Retirement c Death of spouse IV World of Work 11162010 One of the de ning issues of adulthood work career job Theories Models of coccupational development p35458 chapter 12 Donald Super developmental what is expected of people at various ages self concept as it changer 0 Childhood to about 11 0 Fantasy movie star reman Spiderman 0 Adolescence o Crystallization I Assesses interests skills values I Thinks more realistically about a career 0 Older Adolescence 0 Speci cation I More focused I May begin education training in career I Explored options in a broad eld medicine gt pediatrician 0 Implementation I Entry into work situations I Parttime summer internship 0 Young Adult 0 Establishment I Enter a speci c occupation I Development occupational identity I m a teacher I Assess and move uo success or satisfaction I Continues for years 0 Middle Adult 0 Maintenance I Reduced time and energy in work I More time to family and other interests 0 Late Middle Adult 0 Deceleration I Plan for retirement in earnest I Begin separate from work 0 Older Adult 0 Retirement I Stop working full time John Holland Personality types good t of personality to occupationsatisfaction o 6 Personality types from lowest ed prestige money to higher o Realistic like outdoors robust practical non intellectual blue collar laborers construction 0 Conventional like structured situations do well w details math clerical le clerks tellers secretaries accountants o Enterprising people oriented but dominate persuade coordinate sales managers politicians o Artistic like working w ideas creating divergent thinkers often work alone artisits musicians poets writers designers 0 Social People oriented help others nurture teachers nurses counselors social workers 0 Investigative working w ideas scienti c intellectual researchers scientists academics Occupational choice Holland Super other factors Discrimination age race sex Abilities physical strength dexterity for example Disablities Opportunities or lack Other occupationrelated topics Mentors moreexperienced person who provides guidance in workplace protege is one helpedmentored o How to dress behave etc at work 0 Encouragement 0 Model for behavior and attitude Job satisfaction positive feelings resulting from an appraisal of work 0 Usually increases wage esp white collar Alienation no connection to bigger picture work is meaningless Burnout stress is more than can bear frustration is high energy exploited 0 Common in helping professions nurses for example 11302010 Middle and Later Years 0 Longest of stages 0 Middle Adult 3540 gt 65retirement 0 Later 65 gt death 0 How long can people live 0 Lifespan max of years ahuman can live 115120 years I Based on cells ability to divide only so many times O 0 Most don t live this long good make it to 100 Life expectancy a measure of how long the average life will be about 81 for women 75 for men 78 amp 71 in 1985 0 Factors in longevity How to live longer 0 000000 0 Gender Genetics Lifestyle diet exercise smoking alcoholdrugs Disposition happiness easygoing coping skills Intelligence and education Marital status married is better Economic stat esp for men Purpose in life and usefulness Hazards 0 Why do people age 0 O Likely combo of reasons nature vs nurture Biological theories I Wear and tear body wears out w use like machine gtcartilage in joints etc I Cellular theories 0 Biocellular clock cells have limited of divisions 0 Free radical free radical accumulate and damage cells aging and disease I Metabolic theory 0 Body systems balanced and regulated when functioning as should reserves ability to recover from injury or illness YA have more than middle or older I Program cell death 0 Genetic markers trigger cells to selfdestruct 0 Physical Dev Middle and Later Years 0 O O No more growth gt physical peak in YA Declines and losses I Begin in 30s I Noticeable in 40s and 50s I Troublesomeserious later Sensory I Vision 0 Accomodation ability to focus 0 Declines 4060 glasses to read 0 Retina less sensitive gt need more light MA 0 Adaptation to dark takes longer LY o Stature 0 Reduced tolerance for glare LY 0 Peripheral less acute gt narrower fieldvision LY o Macular degeneration changes in retina loss of central vision legally blind o Cataracts cloudiness of lens blurry vision gt surgery corrects 90 of cases Hearing 0 Declines begin in 40s 0 High pitched first 0 Men gt women 0 20 of MA have losses 50 over 75 o Decreases in LY 0 Help w chronic pain as arthritis 0 Not good if masks injury Taste and smell 0 Very slight decline Muscles weaken vertebral disks deteriorate get shorther Calcium loss in women may be factor 0 Reproductivesexuality Fertility decines in 30s trouble conceiving Menopause 4550 end of reproduction o Ova depleted gt menstruation stops Estrogen production stops gthot ashes hearts palpitation fatigue depression vaginal dryness amp thinning More difficult for some 0 Other life events gt launching kids care of elderly job changes no more babies Positive no more babies greater sexual enjoyment no more menstruation cramps Hormone replacement therapy may help controversial natural estrogens herbs amp soy 0 Male menopause Testosterone levels drop very gradually l per year Remain fertile Andropause sudden drop in testosterone symptoms like meno Prostate gland enlarges urinary troubles monitor for prostate cancer I Other life events gt career marriage family declining stamina energy I Sexual attitudes do not change same as younger I Sexual abilities not signi cant decreased 0 If healthy 0 Vaginal wall thinning and dryness gtpainful o Intercourse gtwater soluble lubricant o Erectile dysfunction loss of erection 0 Health I Discond Begin to appear 0 Most lifestyle diseses related to diet exercise smoking stress drinking sleep 0 Heart dis Is 1 0 Cancer is 2 1222010 Cognitive Dev Middle amp Later Years MA 0 Trends from YA years continuegt more solidified pragmatic practical relative post formal gain expertise and experience 0 Practical intelligence broad range of skills related to shaping selecting or adapting to one s environment Expert someone who knows more is better at something than others Does intelligence decline w age I Hard to measure intelligence 0 Defintion 0 Types Crystallized increases uid decreases ex 0 Cohort effects school work health differences 0 Testing situations 0 Biology of aging brain I Neurons decreases growth of dendrites continues into LY fewer do more I Neurofibrilary tangles tangled fibersof axon gt neurons cannot transmit as well some normal lots gt Alzheimer s I Neuritic plaques dying neurons cluster around core of amyloid protein gt Alzheimer s I Decline on neurotransmitters chemicals that transmit messages gt slower processing Memory sleep Parkinson s o Slower processing speed x age I Compensate w experience memory aids as lists 0 Reintegrative style of cognition focus energy and effort on things of interest gt no need for earlier cognitive styles not learning for ajob ex LY o Wisdom expert knowledge exceptional insight good judgment knowing how to cope gt requires practice and living 0 Mental health issues I Physical problems may exaberbate or mimic o Illnesses gt appetite amp sleep changes confusion blood sugar NNK low 0 Meds gt confusionagitation sleep appetite ED fatigue combos need less 0 Poor nutrition gt live alone teeth gt low blood sugar fatigue 0 Hearing amp vision problems gt appear confused 0 Depression persistant unhappy mood I Appetite sleep no energy concentration guilt no interest in things thoughts of death suicide I Due to situations chemical imbalances I Need help to get help I Meds counseling 0 Alzheimer s progressive irreversible gradual deterioration of memory reasoning language I One kind of dementia o PsychosocialSocial Development 0 Life satisfaction gt psychological wellbeing in general I Fourfactors 0 Income 0 Health 0 Network of family amp friends 0 Active life style 0 Erikcson Challenges I MA Generativity vs Stagnation CareConcem for those who come after I Biologicalgthaving children I Parental gtrearing children I Work gt skills passed to others teaching for ex I Cultural gtcreations contributions helping culture to survive o LY Intergrity vs Despair wisdom I Life Review Looking back evaluating interpreting I Redefine worth in terms other than work I Cope wdeclining physical gt good and worthy X less stamina I Feel have made positive contribution to future 0 Family Life Cycle I Single adults I Married couples YA I Parents w young children I Parents with teens ma I Parents w YA children MA 0 YA home 0 Launching o Boomerang o Sandwhich generation I Empty nest 0 Marriage satisfaction increases 0 Grandparenting begins 0 2quotd only to parent role 80 enjoy 0 Styles I Distinct figure holidays amp special events I Traditional moderate contact clear difference from parents I Surrogate caregives I Resorvoir of family resources dispense special skills I Retirement 0 Grandparenting continues 0 Marital adjustments I Widowhood o Lonliness grief finances o Friendships continue important Death Grief Mouning o Ending of human deV gtphysical life 0 Can be prenatal to old age most in LY o Surrounded by mystique emotion rituals 0 Culture says 0 When is death 0 Clinical death no heartbeat and respiration 0 Brain death no actiVity in the brain stem and cortex I No respiration No motor re ex Flat EEG FOR 10 MIN No response to pain or other stimuli No eye movement breathing o Persistant vegetative state activity in brain stem only Terry Schiavo ex 0 Euthenasia ending of life for reasons of mercy Active deliberate ending of someone s life based on death 0 Their wishes o Physicianassisted suicide gt legal in OR AND WA gt terminal illness and voluntary request 0 A decision made be someone with legal authority Passive allowing someone to die by withholding available treatment 0 Euthenasia gtcompleX legal and ethical issues Legal when person has made wishes known Living will person states wishes about life support and other treatments Do Not Resuscitate not to do CPR should heartbeat and breathing stop Durable power of attorney designated someone to have legal power to speak for you
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