Class Note for TH 114 with Professor Burch at UA
Class Note for TH 114 with Professor Burch at UA
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Theatrical Costume Design THE COSTUME DESIGNERS IOB creates quotwearable scenery quot for the actors helps to define and express character helps to eXtablish time and location creates Visual balance with other stage elements conveys an artistic collaboration THE PROCESS 0 Script read through amp analysis 0 research 0 production meetings 0 design 0 execution READING THE SCRIPT 0 Initial Read through Enjoy the script 0 Second read through 0 Things to consider I What is the play s genre I How is it structured I What is the atmosphere of the play I What are the characters like I Specific script references to character appearance SCRIPT ANALYSIS Year Time Geographic location Season Social ConteXt CHARACTER ANALYSIS Age Gender Social and Economic Status Background Physical attributes Purpose and function BEGINNING RESEARCH Inspiration comes from a variety of places Art Music Literature Fashion CONTINUING RESEARCH Where to look Library Internet Museums Catalogues Magazines Photography What to look for details specific to time period 0 colors 0 line and silouette o textures fabrics o accents accessories PRELIMINARY MEETING Meet with director and other designers to discuss ideas for the production Share inspirations and other primary research Hairmakeup considerations STARTING THE DESIGN PROCESS Things to consider The elements of design Space Shape Form Line Color TeXture 0 Light These principles are crucial to the design process and should be taken into consideration when beginning to sketch OOOOOO PRELIMINARY SKETCHING Thumbnails the first sketches which suggest the main ideas of the costume for each character Using research and character analysis and guides the designer sketches each stage ofa character s attire throughout the production IMPORTANT PAPERWORK Costume Bible Action chart and Costume plot Cast list and contact info Actors Measurements Character Specific Research Any additional paperwork budgeting rental info etc FINAL SKETCHES After thumbnails have been discussed and approved by the director the final sketches can be produced These final sketches once approved are a contract between the director and the costume designer The final sketches are an effective roadmap for the realization for the design providing details necessary to complete the costumes COSTUME REALIZATION Costumes can be realized in a variety ofways Pulled Rented Bought Built Constructing or building of a garment is supervised by specific workers in the costume shop The cutterdraper is the person responsible for altering or creating any patterns necessary for the costume ADDITIONAL COSTUME STAFF Shop Manager CutterDraper First Hand Stitchers PaintersDryers Craft Artisans hats shoes jewelry accessories THEATRE NOTES 101609 ORIGINS OF THEATRE Ancient Greece 500 BC323 BC Commonly thought to be where western theatre began Known as Hellas Comprised of citystates POLIS Athens and Sparta were the best known Sparta military center Ares patron god Athens intellectual center Athena patron goddess Others Thebes Corinth Mycene History and Myth Most Important Play Topics Trojan War 11001000 BC Democracy established Athens 510 BC Persion War 499478 BC Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens 431404 BC Age ofPericles 462429 BC Growth of Humanism under Pericles quotMan is the measure of all things Emergence of Theatre Dithyrambs hymns to Dionysus sung by a Chorus Thespis chorus member 560 BC who stepped out from the Chorus and began a dialogue with them first actor thespian Hypokrite quotanswererquot Actors were men only and were amateurs Theatre Space Arena staging yet a thrust stage Theatron quotseeing place Orchestra quotdancing place Skene City Dionysia annual festival honoring Dionysus 534 BC 3 days allotted for tragedies 3 tragedies per day and satyr play following Satyr half man half goat comes out and has a comedically huge erection Productions Music and Dance were integral parts of the performance Masks were worn and may have included a small megaphone in the mouth piece to project the voice all performers and musicians wore masks except ute players Chorus consisted of1215 members Theatre consisted ofa theatron where audience sat held 1417000 spectators and orchestra where Chorus and actors played Theatre Performances Chorus entered parados and danced and sangchanted in the orchestra dancing place story then began and Choral Odes alternated with Episodes when actors played their scenes at end Chorus left exodus Actors declaimed their lines voice was the most important element the primary instrument of the actor AESCHYLUS c 523456 BC Introduced the second actor Won 13 first place festival prizes Credited with over 80 plays only 7 survive Society is greater than the individual Dike deekay universal concept ofjustice balance and proportion Suffering is part of the cosmos god s plan The Orestl39a trilogy Agamemnon The Lihatl39on Bearers The Eumenides 458 BC only eXtant trilogy Other major works include Prometheus Bound 468 BC The Persians 472 BC The Suppliant Women 466 BC SOPHOCLES c 496406 BC Introduced the third actor Won 24 contests and never placed lower than 2 101 place Emphasized individual characters amp reduced the importance amp size of the Chorus Regarded as the most skillful in dramatic structure Suffering ennobles and leads to selfknowledge Credited with over 120 plays 7 survive Major works Antigone c 441 BC Oedipus the King c 430425 BC Electra c 418 410 BC Philoctetes 409 BC Oedipus dt C010nnus406 BC EURIPIDES c 480406 BC Emphasized human psychology Reduced the Chorus even further in importance Suffering is random Gods not noble Human behavior propels the story Only won 4 contests though the most popular of the three Many felt he put unsuitable and immoral subjects on stage His protagonists included women and slaves He relied on devices such as dues eX machina god in a machine and baldly stated expositions Brought realism in characterization dialogue and costuming Regarded as the most quotmodernquot of the three writers Wrote around 90 plays 18 survive Major plays include Medea 431 BC Hecuhd CA21 BC The Trojan Women 415 BC The Bdcchde and Iphigenid in Aulis both produced posthumously 404 BC and prizewinners DAMN YOU INTERNET CARD ARISTOPHANES c 427388 BC Greatest writer of Old Comedy satires of politics literature society 11 plays survive Plots are exuberant fantasies set in world where anything is possible Plays center on quotgreatquot or quothappyquot idea for saving the world Parabasis the Chorus steps forward to address the audience directly joking about current events or the audience Famous plays include Clouds 423 BC a satire on philosophy and Socrates Wasps a satire on the judicial system 422 BC Lysistrata and Frogs Old Comedy Plays are essentially dramatic comedic debates Plays often end w series of short farcical scenes in which enemies are beaten off Generally these plays lack any moral uplift honesty decency courage barely eXist ARISTOTLE 384322 BC The Poetics c 3353 23 BC earliest critical investigation into the origins and structure and effectiveness of tragedy SiX elements of tragedy plot 1 character idea theme language music visual adornment spectacle LECTURE 101909 Musical Theatre First musical theatre director George M Cohem wrote first book musical the script is called a book in a musical He wrote quotLittle Iohnny Jones The song quotGive my Regards to Broadway charm song quotHairquot the rock musical quotOklahomaquot first time music and plot were completely incorporated Slapstick a form of comedy that is very physical The Three Stooges Jerry Lewis LECTURE 102309 THEATRE HISTORY Elizabethan England amp Commedia Dell arte39 Elizabethan England Elizabeth I r 1558 1603 Daughter of King Henry VIII Ruled 1558 that politics and religion were forbidden as subjects in the theatre By 15 80 s England begins to have colonies in North America in Virginia West Indies eastern Canada New England by 1620 s Elizabethan era ushered in 2 101 Golden Age of Theatre Theatres only allowed outside of the city walls William Shakespeare 1564 1616 Actor Playwright Producer Greatest writer in the English language 38 plays amp 154 sonnets Most performed plays in the world Shakesp eare s company Lord Chamberlain s Men became The King s Men in 1603 the Lion King is essentially Hamlet Part owner of The Globe Theatre Shakespeare s Language Most educated Americans have a vocabulary of 800012000 words Shakespeare s vocabulary was over 24000 words He wrote in both prose what we talk write in dialogue and in verse poetry Verse iambic pentameter 5 quotiamsquot per line Stresses tend to be important words or the way we normally stress the multi syllabic words Iamb unstressedstressed Rhythm of a heartbeat Other Elizabethan Theatre The University Wits University educated writers who played a major role in transforming theatre of the age Included among others Christopher Marlowe Doctor Faustus c 1588 Thomas Kyd The Spanish Kid c1587 but not Shakespeare The Swan Theatre Built 1594 1596 Iohannes De Witt quotFinest and biggest of the London theatres Sat 3000 people quotRomanquot appearance Commedia Dell Arte quotCompany ofprofessional players Both male and female performers Began in Italy in1500 s so popular it had spread throughout Europe by 1600 and remained popular until late 1700 s especially in Italy England and France 2 basic tenets improvisation from scenarios stock characters masked and unmasked Improvisation Actors worked from a plot outline or scenario a sketch of the story from which they improvised dialogue and the action Each actor played the same character all the time lasting throughout their careers During this time many comic bits of business and comic routines lazzi became standardized Will Ferrell good example Zanni were the servants most companies had 2 Zanni one clever and one stupid Scenarios More than 1000 have been preserved Most were comic through a few were serious or melodramatic The comic plots revolved around love intrigues disguises and crosspurposes Many of these have served as source material for Moliere Shakespeare and other playwrights Stock Characters A few of the Masked Roles included Pantalone foolish father or older man in love with young woman 0 Lecherous o Miserly 0 Old Venetian Man 0 Long nose Money Bag Capitano braggart warrior coward 0 Soldier or sailor o Cowardly o Braggart o Greedy o Optimistic Dottore foolish academic or con man Arlecchino Harlequin clever servant 0 Part of the Zanni 0 Intelligent frequently assisted the young lovers 0 Servant Witty Physically exible o slapstick Pulchinella Mean vicious and crafty Il Dottore o The Doctor 0 Foolish Scholar o Egotistical Arrogant 0 Rich Educated Unmasked Roles Young lovers These stock characters are still used to this day LECTURE 102609 Lighting is a very important artistic element in the show a unified element The lighting should be transparent you shouldn t notice the lighting Sometimes the lighting is another character in the show like Hair Most theatre was done outdoors using the sun as the light source 15001600 s some lighting was moved indoors still using sun 16001700 s first theatres lit with candles 1800 s theatres used gas first time dimming amp changing colors with films of silk Took 50 years for the transition to occur to electricity 1915 1920 193 0 s electricity comes to the theatres GoalsFunctions oflighting 1 Visibility 2 Help establish the mood reinforcing themes 3 Composition modeling how the forms are revealed 4 Controlling focus What tools are used to achieve these goals 1 Intensity 2 Color 3 Distribution 4 Movements Each individual lighting look is called a quotCuequot
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