Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Real Estate
This 125 page Document was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Tuesday December 22, 2015. The Document belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.
Reviews for Wakefield-Real-Estate-Zoning-Bylaws
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 12/22/15
Chapter 190 ZONING [HISTORY: Adopted by the Annual Town Meeting of the Town of Wakefield 6-2-1988 by Art. 33. Amendments noted where applicable. (The codification of the Zoning Bylaw as Ch. 190 was accepted by the Special Town Meeting 12-15-1997 by Art. 6. See Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II.)] GENERAL REFERENCES Building construction — See Ch. 94. Sewers — See Ch. 165. See Ch. 126. Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 175. Water — See Ch. 185. Subdivision of land — See Ch. 320. ARTICLE I Title; Authority; Purpose § 190-1. Title. The title of this chapter shall be "Zoning Bylaw, Chapter 190 of the Code of the Town of Wakefield." The short title shall be "Zoning Bylaw, Town of Wakefield." § 190-2. Authority. This chapter is adopted pursuant to the authority granted by MGL c. 40A, as amended to date. § 190-3. Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to promote the health, safety, convenience and general welfare of the inhabitants of the Town of Wakefield; to lessen the danger from fire and congestion and from the hazards of floodwater inundation; to protect and conserve the value of property; to preserve and increase the amenities of the Town; to conserve natural conditions; to promote the educational, cultural and economic welfare of the public; to encourage an orderly expansion of the tax base; to encourage housing for all income and age levels; and to improve and beautify the Town by encouraging the most appropriate use of land in accordance with the Town-wide Master Plan and this chapter. ARTICLE II Definitions § 190-4. Definitions and word usage. A. General. (1) The intent of this section is to provide definitions for certain terms, words and/or series of words which are to be utilized in the interpretation of this chapter, whether or not the definition stated herein is contrary to common usage or contrary as quoted in a dictionary. (2) For the purpose of this chapter and unless the context of usage clearly indicates another meaning, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated herein. Words used in the present tense include the future; the singular number includes the plural, and the plural the singular; the word "used" or "occupied" includes the words "designed," "arranged," "intended," or "offered" to be used or occupied; the word "building," "structure," "lot," "land" or "premises" shall be construed as though followed by the words "or any portion thereof"; and the word "shall" is mandatory and directory, and "may" is the permissive. Any word indicating sex, such as "he" or "she," shall be construed to mean both sexes. (3) Terms and words not defined herein but defined in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Building Code shall have meanings given therein unless a contrary intention clearlyappears. Words not defined in either this chapter or the Building Code shall have the meanings given in the most recent edition of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Uses listed in the Table of Use Regulations under the classes retail and service trades and wholesale trade and manufacturing shall be defined by the Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the United States Bureau of the Census. B. Definitions. The defined words and phrases are as follows: ABANDONMENT — The cessation of a use as indicated by the visible or otherwise apparent intention of an owner to discontinue a use of a structure or lot or in removal of the characteristic equipment or furnishing used in the performance of the use without its replacement by similar equipment or furnishings or the replacement of a nonconforming use or structure by a conforming use or structure. ACCESSORY (1) ACCESSORY USE — A use customarily incidental to, and on the same lot as, a use permitted in a district, provided that the accessory use is not injurious, noxious or offensive to nor inconsistent with the character of said district. (2) ACCESSORY BUILDING — A building devoted exclusively to an accessory use and on the same lot as the use to which it is accessory. ADULT BOOKSTORE — An establishment having as a substantial or significant portion (greater than 20%) of its stock-in-trade books, magazines and other matter which are distinguished as characterized by their emphasis depicting, describing or relating to sexual conduct or sexual excitement as defined in MGL c. 272, § 31. [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] ADULT CLUB — An establishment having as a substantial or significant portion (greater than 20%) of its entertainment a person or persons performing in a state of nudityor distinguished byan emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to sexual conduct or sexual excitement as defined in MGL c. 272, § 31. [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] ADULT PARAPHERNALIA STORE — An establishment having as a substantial or significant portion (greater than 20%) of its stock devices, objects, tools or toys which are distinguished or characterized by their association with sexual activity, including sexual conduct or sexual excitement as defined in MGL c. 272, § 31. [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] ADULT THEATER — An enclosed building used for presenting material distinguished by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to sexual conduct or sexual excitement as defined in MGL c. 272, § 31. [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] ADULT VIDEO STORE — An establishment having as a substantial or significant portion (greater than 20%) of its stock in videos and other matters which are distinguished by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to sexual conduct or sexual excitement as defined in MGL c. 272, § 31. [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] AFFORDABLE DWELLING UNITS — Dwelling units eligible to be counted toward the Town of Wakefield's total of "subsidized units" in the Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 40B, Subsidized Housing Inventory, as the same may be revised from time to time. [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Arts. 31, 33, 34] ATTACHED DWELLING — A one-familydwelling in a row of at least three such units in which each unit has its own front and rear access to the outside, no unit is located over another unit and each unit is completely separated from any other unit by one or more common fire-resistant walls. "Attached dwellings" are also referred to as "townhouse dwellings" or "row house dwellings." (See § 190-32 for regulations related to attached dwellings.) ATTACHED DWELLING COMPLEX — A group of three or more attached dwellings located on contiguous lots or on a single or commonlyowned lot. "Attached dwelling complexes" are usually comprised of units for sale as individual townhouse dwellings (with their own lots) or as condominium units. BASEMENT (SEE ACCOMPANYING DIAGRAM) — A portion of a building partly below grade which has more than 1/2 of its height, measured from finished floor to finished ceiling, above the finished grade of the ground immediately adjoining the building, as computed after construction of the building. A "basement" is not considered a story unless its ceiling is four feet six inches or more above the average finished grade. BOARDINGHOUSE — See "lodging or rooming house." BODY ART — The practice of physical body adornment using, but not limited to, the following techniques body piercing, tattooing, cosmetic tattooing, branding, and scarification. This definition does not include practices that are considered medical procedures by the Board of Registration in Medicine, such as implants under the skin[Added 4-5-2001 ATM by Art. 16] BODY ART ESTABLISHMENT — A location, place or business where the practices of body art are performed, whether or not for profit[Added 4-5-2001 ATM by Art. 16] BUFFER STRIP — Astrip oflandintendedto bufferuses ononelot fromuses onan adjoining lot. Such strip shall include natural or planted vegetation sufficient to provide a visual and noise buffer satisfactory to the reviewing authority. BUILDING — A combination of anymaterials, whether portable or fixed, having a roof, enclosed within exterior walls or fire walls, built to form a structure for the shelter of persons, animals or property. For purposes of this definition, "roof" shall include an awning or any similar covering, whether or not permanent in nature. BUILDING AREA — The aggregate of the maximum horizontal footprint area of all buildings on a lot, exclusive of cornices, eaves, gutters, chimneys, steps, unenclosed porches, balconies and terraces. Such cornices, eaves, gutters, chimneys, steps, unenclosed and uncovered porches, balconies and terraces may extend beyond the minimum yard requirements as established in Article VI, but in no case shall such extension be in excess of five feet beyond the minimum yard requirements. BUILDING COVERAGE — The building area expressed as a percent of the total lot area. BUILDING, DETACHED — A building having open space on all sides. BUILDING FLOOR SPACE AREA — The cumulative gross floor space of all floors of all buildings on a lot. BUILDING INSPECTOR — The officiallyestablished Zoning and Building Enforcement Officer for the Town of Wakefield. The "Building Inspector" may be appointed Zoning Administrator by the Board of Appeals in accordance with MGL c. 40A, § 13. BUILDING, NONCONFORMING — A building, lawfullyexisting at the time of adoption of this chapter or any subsequent amendment thereto, which does not conform to one or more of the applicable use, dimensional or density regulations for the district in which the building is located. BUILDING, PRINCIPAL — A building in which is conducted the principal use of the lot on which it is located. CELLAR (SEE ACCOMPANYING DIAGRAM) — A portion of a building, partly or entirely below grade, which has more than one-half (1/2) of its height, measured from finished floor to finished ceiling, below the average finished grade of the ground immediately adjoining the building, as computed after construction of the building. A "cellar" is not deemed a story. CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY — A statement signed by the Building Inspector setting forth either that a building or structure complies with this chapter or that a building, structure or parcel of land may lawfully be employed for specified uses, or both. CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT — See § 190-33 hereof. COMMERCIAL VEHICLE[Amended 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 39]: (1) Any vehicle which has a vehicle weight, or curb weight, of more than 6,000 pounds as per the manufacturer's description of said vehicle, unless such vehicle is a sport utility vehicle or pickup, provided that such sport utilityvehicle or pickup does not contain on the bed tools, supplies, material or equipment transported to or from a job site. (2) Anyvehicle if on the roof or sides of the vehicle tools, supplies, materials or equipment is transported to or from a job site. (3) Any vehicle which has business advertisements or business markings thereon, excepting markings limited to the name, address, telephone number and logo of any corporation or other entity. (4) Any vehicle used to plow or for hire to transport or store goods, wares or merchandise. (5) Any vehicle used to store or transport goods, wares or merchandise intended for sale in the ordinary course of the vehicle operator's or owner's business. (6) Any vehicle with five or more wheels on the ground. DAY-CARE CENTER — Any facility operated on a regular basis, whether known as a "day nursery," "nursery school," "kindergarten," "child play school," "progressive school," "child development center" or "preschool" or known under any other name, which receives children not of common parentage under seven years of age, or under 16 years of age if such children have special needs, for nonresidential custody and care during part or all of the day separate from their parents. "Day-care center" shall not include any part of a public school system; any part of a private organized educational system, unless the services of such system are primarily limited to kindergarten, nursery or related preschool services; a Sunday school conducted by a religious organization where children are cared for during short periods of time while persons responsible for such children are attending religious services; a family day-care home (defined below); an informal cooperative arrangement among neighbors or relatives; or the occasional care of children with or without compensation therefor. (See also "family day-care home.") DRIVE-IN RETAIL OR SERVICE ESTABLISHMENT — A business or commercial establishment which dispenses any food, beverages, goods or services from inside a building to persons standing outside or seated in their automobiles. DWELLING, ATTACHED — See "attached dwelling." DWELLING, DETACHED — A building which is designed or occupied as a one-family residence on its own lot and is separated by side yards from any other structure or structures, except accessory buildings. DWELLING, SEMIDETACHED — A building which is designed or occupied as a one-family residence but may be attached on one side to a similar one-family residence (sometimes called a "duplex"). DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY — A structure on a single lot containing two dwelling units. DWELLING UNIT — One or more rooms designed and equipped for one family to occupy as a housekeeping residence with permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation. ESTABLISHMENT WHICH DISPLAYS LIVE NUDITY FOR ITS PATRONS — Any establishment which provides live entertainment for its patrons which includes the display of nudity, as that term is defined in MGL c. 272, § 31[Added 5-5-1997 ATM by Art. 39] FAMILY — Any number of persons related to one another by blood, marriage, adoption or foster care placement, including spouses, children, parents and grandparents, or no more than four unrelated individuals, all residing together in a single housekeeping unit. FAMILY DAY-CARE HOME — Any private residence which on a regular basis receives for temporary custody and care during part or all of the day children under seven years of age or children under 16 years of age if such children have special needs; provided, however, in either case, that the total number of children under 16 in a "family day-care home" shall not exceed six, including participating children living in the residence. "Family day-care home" shall not mean a private residence used for an informal cooperative arrangement among neighbors or relatives or the occasional care of children with or without compensation therefor. An occupancy permit from the office of the Building Inspector shall be required. See the definitionof "day-care center" if over six children are served. FAST-FOOD ESTABLISHMENT — An establishment whose primary business is the sale of food for consumption on or off the premises which is primarily intended for immediate consumption rather than for use as an ingredient or component of meals, available upon a short waiting time (five to eight minutes) and packaged or presented in such a manner that it can be readily eaten either inside or outside the premises where it is sold. FLOODLINE — The limits of flooding from a particular body of water caused by a storm whose frequency of occurrence is once in a given number of years. FLOOR AREA RATIO — The ratio of the gross floor area to the total area of the lot. (See definition of "gross floor area" below.) GARAGE, AUTO REPAIR — Any building used for the keeping of motor vehicles and in which a business or industry dealing with the repair or servicing of such vehicles is maintained. GARAGE, PRIVATE — Any building or portion of a building accessory to and located upon the same lot as a residential building or upon a lot in the same ownership and adjacent to the lot on which the served residential building is located which is used for keeping of a motor vehicle or motor vehicles. GARAGE, PUBLIC — Any building used for the keeping of motor vehicles in which a business dealing with the storage of such vehicles is maintained either for profit or public service. Such business shall not involve the repair or servicing of any motor vehicles. GASOLINE STATION — A building or part thereof with no more than two service bays whose chief activity is the selling of gasoline, oil and related products for motor vehicles or the provision of lubricating service, car washing or auto repair, limited to tire servicing and repair, but not recapping or regrooving, replacement of miscellaneous parts and minor repairs and adjustments. GROSS FLOOR AREA — The sum of the floor areas of all parts of the building(s) on a lot, measured from the outer faces of the walls, excluding basement areas whose interior height is more than 50% below finished grade and excluding enclosed parking garages. HEIGHT OF BUILDING — The vertical distance of the highest point of the roof above the average finished grade of the ground immediately adjoining the building, as computed before the building is actually erected. This definition excludes chimneys, ventilators, skylights, water tanks, bulkheads, elevator penthouses and other accessory structures which are required or are customarily carried above the roofs of buildings and towers, spires, domes, cupolas and similar parts of buildings if such areas are not used for living or storage purposes and if such structures are not equal to more than 20% of the space occupied by the ground floor of the building. Such accessory structures shall not exceed required height limits by more than 20 feet. Any berm or earth structure changing the grade of the ground shall be added to the elevation of the building to determine its height under this chapter. HOME OCCUPATION — See § 190-18. LODGING OR ROOMING HOUSE — A building where lodging units are rented to four or more persons. A "lodging house" shall not include convalescent, nursing or rest homes; dormitories of charitable, educational or philanthropic institutions; or apartments or hotels. LODGING UNIT — One or more rooms for the semipermanent dwelling use of not more than three individuals not living as a single housekeeping unit and not having cooking facilities. LOT — An area or parcel of land or any part thereof in individual, joint or common ownership, or in ownership by the entirety, which is designated on a plan as a separate lot and which has boundaries identical with those on a plan recorded in the South Middlesex Registry of Deeds. LOT FRONTAGE — The continuous length of a lot line which is coterminous with the street line of a street to which the lot has legal access. LOT WIDTH — The shortest distance between opposite side lines of a lot. Between the frontage and the points where the front setback intersects the lot side lines, the lot width shall be at least 90% of the required minimum lot width. At no point between, but not including the front setback and the principal structure, shall the lot be narrower than 75% of the required minimum lot width. Measured at all points through the principal structure on said lot, the lot width shall be at least 100% of the required minimum lot width. [Amended 4-5-1999 ATM by Art. 24] MEMBERSHIP CLUB — A noncommercial social, sports or fraternal association or organization which is used exclusively bymembers and their guests and which does not have as a substantial or significant portion (greaterthan 20%) of its entertainment apersonor persons performing in a state of nudity or distinguished by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to sexual conduct or sexual excitement as defined in MGL c. 272, § 31. [Amended 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 38] MULTIFAMILY DWELLING — A building (other than an “attached dwelling,” as defined herein) designed or intended or used as the home of four or more families, each in a separate dwelling unit, living independently of each other and who may have a common right in halls and stairways. This definition is intended to include building types commonly known as "garden apartments," "mid-rise apartments" and "high-rise apartments," which are defined below: [Amended 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 31] (1) GARDEN APARTMENT — A multifamily dwelling of not more than three stories in height, containing not fewer than three dwelling units and usually arranged with grounds planted and maintained with grass, shrubs and trees. (See also the definition for "attached dwelling complex.") (2) MID-RISE APARTMENT — A multifamily dwelling of more than three stories but not more than six stories in height. OFFICE — A place in which functions such as directing, consulting, recordkeeping, clerical work and sales (without the presence of merchandise of a firm) are carried on. Also, a place in which a professional person conducts his professional business. OPEN AREA — A yard area which is unbuilt upon but which may include sidewalks, swimming pools, terraced areas, patios, tennis courts, play courts, playground facilities or similar facilities and is not devoted to streets, driveways or off-street parking or loading areas. OPEN SPACE LAND — Land on a developed parcel which is unbuilt uponand contains no paved parking, loading or driveway areas but which may contain active or passive recreation areas, including incidental paving related thereto. A minimum of 35% of "open space land" must be usable open space, as defined herein. OPEN SPACE, LANDSCAPED — Open space designed and developed for pleasant appearance in trees, shrubs, ground cover and grass, including other landscaped elements, such as natural features of the site, walks and terraces, and may also include open areas accessible to and developed for the use of the occupants of the property located upon a roof not more than 10 feet above the level of the lowest story used for dwelling purposes. OPEN SPACE, USABLE — Open space land which is free of automotive traffic and parking and readily accessible to those for whom it is intended. It must have an average grade of less than 8% and be sufficiently well drained to permit its use for informal recreation for most seasons of the year. Such space mayinclude open areas intended for the exclusive use of site occupants as well as those accessible to the public. RECREATIONAL TRAILER OR VEHICLE — A vehicular, portable unit designed for travel, camping or recreational use, including but not limited to the following: (1) TRAVEL TRAILER — A vehicular, portable dwelling unit built on a chassis, being of any length, provided that its gross weight does not exceed 4,500 pounds, or being of any weight, provided that its overall length does not exceed 28 feet. (2) PICKUP CAMPER — A portable dwelling unit designed to be mounted on a pickup truck or chassis, whether or not so mounted. (3) MOTORIZED CAMPER — A portable dwelling designed and constructed as an integral part of a self-propelled vehicle. (4) TENT TRAILER — A folding structure, constructed of canvas, plastic or similar water-repellent material, designed to be mounted on wheels to be used as a temporary dwelling. (5) BOAT OR UTILITY TRAILER — A vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and designed for the hauling or storage of a boat, aircraft, snowmobile or other materials. REPAIR — With respect to a building or structure, any construction which replaces materials and does not change the height, number of stories, size, use or location of a structure. RESTAURANT — An establishment where the principal activity is the service or sale of food or drink for on-premises consumption. ROW HOUSE — See "attached dwelling." SETBACK — The horizontal distance measured perpendicularly from the property line to the building line. SPECIAL PERMIT — A use of a structure or lot or any action upon a premises which may be permitted underthis chapteronlyupon application to andtheapproval ofthe appropriateboard and in accordance with provisions of Article VIII of this chapter and MGL c. 40A, § 9. STORY — The portion of a building which is between one floor level and the next higher floor level or the roof. If a mezzanine floor area exceeds one-third (1/3) of the area of the floor immediately below, it shall be deemed to be a "story." A basement shall be deemed to be a "story" when its ceiling is four feet six inches or more above the finished grade. A cellar shall not be deemed to be a "story." An attic shall not be deemed to be a "story" if unfinished and not used for human occupancy. STORY,HALF(see accompanyingdiagram) —A storywhich is undera gable,hippedor gambrel roof, where less than one-half (1/2) the floor area has a clear height of seven feet or more. STREET (see accompanying diagram) — A public thoroughfare which has been accepted for public use; an existing private thoroughfare in use which has not been accepted for public use; or a Planning Board approved subdivision street. It shall be synonymous with the words "road," "avenue," "highway" and "parkway" and other similar designations. Prior to issuance of a building permit, the Building Inspector shall determine that the street will be passable for automobiles and emergency vehicles during all seasons of the year. STREET LINE — The outside limit of a street or way, either existing or contemplated, to which the public and/or abutters have rights, dividing the street and the lots which abut the street. STRUCTURE — A combination of materials for permanent or temporary occupancy or use, such as a building, bridge, trestle, tower, framework, retaining wall, tank, tunnel, tent, stadium, reviewing stand, platform, swimming pool, shelter, pier, wharf, bin, fence, sign or the like. TOWNHOUSE — See "attached dwelling." TRUCKING TERMINAL — A terminal for the temporary or permanent storage, repair or refueling of interstate trucks described as "semitrailers" or "trailer trucks." UPLAND AREA — That contiguous portion of the lot area that is not part of detention basins, retention basins, land under water (LUW), land subject to flooding (LSF), bordering vegetated wetlands (BVW) or floodplains. The principal structure must be located in the upland area, and the required minimum upland area, as defined in § 190-31J, must be directly accessible from the principal structure without crossing detention basins, retention basins, LUW, LSF, BVW or floodplains. For the purpose of this section, "LUW," "LSF," "BVW" and "floodplains" shall be as defined in the current edition of Massachusetts Code of Regulations 310 CMR 10.00, as amended from time to time. [Added 4-5-1999 ATM by Art. 25] USE — The purpose for which a structure or lot is arranged, designed or intended to be used, occupied or maintained. USE, NONCONFORMING — A use lawfully existing at the time of adoption of this chapter or any subsequent amendment thereto which does not conform to one or more provisions of this chapter. USE, PRINCIPAL — The main or primary purpose for which a structure or lot is designed, arranged or intended or for which it may be used, occupied or maintained under this chapter. VARIANCE — A departure from the terms of this chapter authorized by the Board of Appeals under the terms of § 190-66 of this chapter. YARD — An open space unobstructed from the ground up, on the same lot with a principal building and extending along a lot line or front lot line and inward to the principal building. The size of a required "yard" shall be measured as the shortest distance between the outer face of the building and a lot line or front lot line. Structures which are below the finished lot grade shall not be deemed to occupy required "yards." YARD, FRONT — A yard extending for the full width of the lot between the front line of the nearest building wall or building part and the front lot line. YARD, REAR — A yard, unoccupied except by an accessory structure or accessory use as herein permitted, extending for the full width of the lot between the rear line of the building wall and the rear lot line. YARD, SIDE — A yard, unoccupied except by an accessory structure or use as herein permitted, between a building and a side lot line extending from the front yard to the rear yard. In the case of a lot having no street frontage or a lot of odd shape, any yard that is not a front yard or a rear yard shall be considered a "side yard." ZONING ADMINISTRATOR — The Board of Appeals, in accordance with MGL c. 40A, § 13, may appoint, subject to confirmation by the Board of Selectmen, a Zoning Administrator. The Board of Appeals may delegate to said Zoning Administrator some of its powers and duties. Any person aggrieved by a decision or order of the Zoning Administrator may appeal to the Board of Appeals in accordance with MGL c. 40A, § 14. The Building Inspector may also serve as Zoning Administrator if so appointed. ARTICLE III Districts § 190-5. Establishment. The Town of Wakefield is hereby divided into the following classes of districts: Special Single Residence (SSR) Single Residence (SR) General Residence (GR) Multiple Residence (MR-1 or MR-2) Business (B) Neighborhood Business (NB) Limited Business (LB) Industrial (I) Limited Industrial (LI) Floodplain (FP) Municipal District (MD) [Added 4-13-2000 ATM by Art. 26] Attached Dwelling Overlay District (ADOD) [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 31] Mixed Use Overlay District (MUOD) [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 33] Creative Development Overlay District (CDOD) [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 34] Municipal Building Reuse Overlay District (MBROD) [Added 8-17-2006 STM by Art. 2] Signage Overlay District [Added 5-3-2010 ATM by Art. 29] § 190-6. General description. A. See Article IV, Use Regulations, and Article VI, Dimensional Regulations, for detailed requirements within each district. General description of districts: (1) Special Single Residence (SSR). The Special Single Residence District is composed of those areas intended for single-family residences and allowed accessory uses. Minimum lot size is 20,000 square feet and minimum street frontage is 100 feet. (2) Single Residence (SR). The Single Residence District is also composed of areas intended for single-family residences and allowed accessory uses. Minimum lot size is 12,000 square feet and minimum lot frontage is 100 feet. (3) General Residence (GR). The General Residence District is composed of specific areas primarily adjacent to Wakefield Center and Greenwood which are intended for single-family residences, two-family residences and specified complementary and accessory uses. Minimum lot size is 8,000 square feet and minimum lot frontage is 80 feet. (4) Multiple Residence (MR). The Multiple Residence District is composed of those specific areas potentially suitable for multifamily dwellings and attached dwellings (townhouses). It is divided intotwoparts.MR-1allows gardenapartments andattached dwellings at a maximum density of 14 units per acre. A special permit is required. Height could not exceed three stories. MR-2 allows garden apartments, attached dwellings and mid-rise apartments at a maximum densityof 36 units per acre. A special permit is required. Height could not exceed six stories. (5) Neighborhood Business (NB). The Neighborhood Business District includes business areas primarilyservingthe convenience needs of local residential neighborhoods rather than the Town at large. Permitted uses are those business uses that would serve residential needs but would not have an adverse environmental impact on residential areas. (6) Limited Business (LB). The Limited Business District includes business areas suitable for office and predominantly nonretail business uses and possibly multiple-residence uses (with a special permit). Most LB Districts are located near Route 128 or other major roadways. (7) Business (B). The Business District includes those business areas in Wakefield Center and Greenwood. Uses allowed are those that serve a community-wide need and encourage the growth of a healthy Town or village business center. Multiple-residence uses are also allowed (with a special permit). (8) Industrial (I). The Industrial District is largely located adjacent to Wakefield Center along the railroad corridors and on the northerly side of Route 128. Uses permitted are primarily light industrial uses which would not have detrimental environmental impacts on a primarily residential community. (9) Limited Industrial (LI). The Limited Industrial District is similar to the Industrial District but requires a special permit for certain specified uses and requires a larger minimum lot size than the Industrial District (80,000 square feet rather than 20,000 square feet) and other more stringent dimensional requirements. (10) Floodplain (FP). The Floodplain District is a special overlay district which regulates uses in the underlying districts which are subject to periodic flooding. (11) The Municipal District is a special overlay district which regulates the use and dimensional requirements of buildings erected on Town-owned land. [Added 4-13-2000 ATM by Art. 26; amended 4-6-2009 ATM by Art. 27] (12) The Attached Dwelling Overlay District (ADOD) is a special overlay district to distinguish locations suitable for attached dwelling use and to regulate that use within them. Within such districts the provisions of the districts they overlay shall continue in full force except as provided at § 190-93I, Attached Dwelling Overlay District. [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 31] (13) Mixed Use Overlay District (MUOD) is a special overlay district to distinguish locations suitable for mixed residential and business uses and to regulate such use mixtures within them. Within such a district the provisions of the districts it overlays shall continue in full force except as provided at § 190-94, Mixed use development. [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 33] (14) Creative Development Overlay District (CDOD) is a special overlay district to allow creation of compact residential or mixed use development within a planned setting specifically approved by Town Meeting. Within such a district the provisions of the districts it overlays shall continue in full force except as provided at § 190-95, Creative development. [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 34] (15) The Municipal Building Reuse Overlay District is a special overlay district which regulates the use and dimensional requirements of buildings on formerly Town-owned land.[Added 8-17-2006 STM by Art. 2] (16) The Signage Overlay District is a special overlay district where signs are regulated under Article XVI. Within such district the provisions of the underlying districts, and Mixed Use OverlayDistrict, where mapped, shall continue in full force, exceptingonly that the provisions of Article XIII shall not apply to signs in the Signage Overlay District.[Added 5-3-2010 ATM by Art. 29] B. All of the above district locations are shown on the Zoning Map. C. When the Board of Selectmen receives anywritten request to insert an article in a warrant for a scheduled regular or special Town Meeting or to call a special Town Meeting and insert in the warrant therefor an article authorizing the Board of Selectmen to conveya parcel or lot of land zoned as being part of the Municipal District, which request does not include an article containing a proposed amendment of the zoning district for such parcel or lot of land to be the same as the zoning district surrounding such parcel or lot of land, or, in the case of a parcel or lot of land adjacent to two or more zoning districts, the same as the most restrictive such zoning district; theBoard of Selectmen shall forthwith adopt and submit to the Planning Board, pursuant to MGL c. 40A, § 5, an article so amending the zoning district and such article shall be submitted to a vote at Town Meeting prior to a vote on the article authorizing the Board of Selectmen to conveysuch parcel or lot of land; provided, however, that nothing in this subsection shall be construed or applied to infringe upon the rights of any voter registered to vote in the Town deriving from MGL c. 39, § 10. [Added 4-5-2001 ATM by Art. 14] § 190-7. Zoning Map. A. Except as set forth below, the above zoning districts are shown on the map entitled “Wakefield Zoning Map, dated May 10, 2010.” Said zoning map is hereby adopted and declared to be a part of this chapter and replaces all previous editions and amendments of said Zoning Map. 1 [Amended 4-6-2009 ATM by Art. 28; 5-3-2010 ATM by Art. 28] (1) The Municipal District is located as shown on a separate map entitled "Wakefield Municipal District, dated May 10, 2010." (2) The Wireless Communication Services Overlay District is located as shown on a separate map entitled "Wakefield Wireless Communication Services Overlay District, dated May 10, 2010." (3) The Mixed Use Overlay District is located as shown on a separate map entitled "Wakefield Mixed Use Overlay District, dated May 10, 2010." (4) The Signage Overlay District is located as shown on a separate map entitled "Wakefield Signage Overlay District, dated May 10, 2010." [Added 5-3-2010 ATM by Art. 29] B. All unzoned land within the Town of Wakefield, if any, is hereby zoned as a Single Residence District.[Amended 4-13-2000 ATM by Art. 26] § 190-8. Boundaries. A. Guidelines for determining the boundaries between districts shall be, unless otherwise indicated: the center line of a street, alley or railroad; a line parallel to a street, alley, railroad 1. Editor's Note: The Zoning Map is available in the office of the Town Clerk. orother feature, at adistancedesignatedonthe ZoningMap; ametes andbounds description; and a property line shown on the Wakefield Tax Assessment Tax Maps. B. In the case of a disputed boundary, the decision shall be made by the Building Inspector using the above guidelines, subject to the appeal procedures provided by law. § 190-9. Lots in two districts. [Amended 5-5-1997 ATM by Art. 42] Where a district boundary line divides a lot in single ownership at the time of the adoption of such line, the regulation for the less restricted portion of such lot shall extend not more than 30 feet into the more restricted portion, provided that the lot has the required frontage on a street in the less restricted district. § 190-10. General requirements for all districts. [Added 6-7-1990 ATM by Art. 39] A. The open displayor open storage of junk shall be prohibited in all districts, including but not limited to worn-out, cast-off or discarded articles and materials which are ready for destruction or have been stored or collected for salvage or conversion into some other use. Any storage of such articles and materials shall be enclosed or screened so that they are not visible from adjacent streets or properties. B. Within a district, no equipment or process shall be utilized in any use of land, buildings or structures which creates a common nuisance by virtue of unreasonable noise, vibration, glare, fumes or odors. ARTICLE IV Use Regulations § 190-11. Applicability. Except as herein provided, the provisions of this chapter shall apply to the erection, construction, reconstruction, alteration or use of buildings or structures or use of land. Except as herein provided, any existing nonconforming use, structure or lot shall not become further nonconforming. § 190-12. Existing buildings and land. This chapter shall not apply to an existing building or structure, nor to the existing use of any building, structure or land, to the extent to which it is legally used at the time of adoption of this chapter, but it shall apply to any change of use thereof and to: A. Any alteration of a building or structure when the same would amount to reconstruction, extension or structural change. B. Any alteration of a building or structure to provide for its use for a purpose or in a manner substantially different from the use to which it was put before alteration or for its use for the same purpose to a substantially greater extent. § 190-13. Mixed uses. [Amended 11-8-2004 RTM by Arts. 33, 34] In cases of mixed occupancy, the regulation for each use shall apply to the portion of the building or land so used. Combinations of permitted uses within a single building are permitted, provided that health and safety regulations are followed. Proposed new buildings that mix residential and nonresidential uses are allowed byright within a Creative Development Overlay District under the provisions of § 190-95, Creative development; require a special permit from the Planning Board under § 190-94 if within a Mixed Use Overlay District; and in all other cases require a special permit from the Board of Appeals. § 190-14. Purpose and intent. It is the purpose and intent of this article to list those uses which are specifically allowed or specifically prohibited in the various zoning districts listed in Article III of this chapter. Any use not listed herein is prohibited. § 190-15. Applicability of use regulations. Except as provided in this chapter, no building, structure or land shall be used except for the purpose permitted in the district, by right or by special permit, as described in this chapter. § 190-16. Uses subject to other regulations. Uses permitted by right or by special permit shall be subject, in addition to use regulations, to all other provisions of this chapter. § 190-17. Trailers and/or mobile homes. Residing or living in trailers and/or mobile homes is not allowed in the Town of Wakefield, with the following exceptions: A. The owner or occupier of a residence which has been destroyed by fire or other natural holocaust mayplace a mobile home on the site of such residence and reside in such home for a period not to exceed 12 months while the residence is being rebuilt. Anysuch mobile home shall be subject to the provisions of the State Sanitary Code. B. Trailers and/or mobile homes used on construction projects as offices or places of storage must have a permit from the Building Inspector to be used as such and may be used only for the time limit as stated on the permit. If the time expires, a new permit will be needed. § 190-18. Home occupations. A home occupation is an accessory use which is incidental and subordinate to a single-family-dwelling use. Home occupations allowed by right include dressmaking, teaching of not more than two students simultaneously and offices of medical doctors, dentists, attorneys, architects or certified public accountants. Other home occupations that are quiet and noncommercial in nature may be allowed by special permit from the Board of Appeals, provided that they meet the following conditions, which apply to all home occupations: A. No nonresident shall be employed therein, except that a physician, dentist or other medical professional mayemploy one nonresident. An attorney, architect, certified public accountant or other allowed home occupation may employ one nonresident upon issuance of a special permit by the Board of Appeals. B. The use is carried on strictly within the principal building. C. There shall be no exterior alterations or accessory buildings on display which are not customary with residential buildings. No signs, other than a single identifying sign not exceeding two square feet in area, shall be permitted. D. Not more than 25% of the existing gross floor area of the dwelling unit, not to exceed 700 square feet, is devoted to such use. In connection with such use, there is to be kept no stock-in-trade, commodities or products which occupy space beyond these limits. E. There shall be no display of goods or wares visible from the street. No retail or wholesale sales or services to customers or clients shall take place on the premises, except as provided herein. F. The building or premises occupied shall not be rendered objectional or detrimental to the residential character of the neighborhood due to its exterior appearance or emission of odor, gas, smoke, dust, noise or disturbance or in anyother waybecome objectional or detrimental to any residential use within the neighborhood. G. Any such building shall include no feature of design not customary in buildings for residential use. H. If business clients or pupils come to the house for consultation or instruction on a regular basis, a special permit shall be required from the Board of Appeals. I. Off-street parking must be available for any employees, clients or pupils in accordance with Article VII hereof. § 190-19. Seasonal sale of home produce. The seasonal outdoor display and sale of fresh fruits, vegetables and nursery plants which were raised on the premises is permitted in the Single Residence and Special Single Residence Districts, provided that such displays and sales are limited to the summer growing season and sufficient parking facilities for customers are available. § 190-20. Private swimming pools. Private swimming pools are allowed in all residential districts, provided that they: A. Conform to the yard requirements for accessory buildings. B. Are surrounded by a wall, barrier or uniform fence of at least five feet in height designed to discourage unauthorized access to the pool. C. Are, if constructed below grade, equipped with a permanently installed drainage system designed to prevent overflow onto adjacent ways. § 190-21. Parking in residence districts. A. Unregistered vehicles. The ungaraged parking of an unregistered car, truck or trailer is not permitted in anyresidential district unlessspecificallyauthorizedbythe BoardofAppeals by special permit. No such vehicle shall be stored between the principal building and a street line. B. Other vehicles. [Amended 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 39] (1) The allowable number of commercial vehicles which may park in a residential district shall be as follows: (a) Special Single Residence District. No more than one commercial vehicle shall be parked on one lot. (b) Single Residence District. No more than one commercial vehicle shall be parked on one lot. (c) General Residence District. No more than one commercial vehicle per dwelling unit shall be parked on one lot. (2) A special permit is required if the number of commercial vehicles exceeds the above number. (3) The parking of commercial vehicles in a residential district is subject to the following regulations: (a) The vehicle shall not exceed one-ton capacity (manufacturer's rating). (b) The vehicle shall not be loaded with flammable, noxious or dangerous materials. (c) The vehicle shall be permitted only if used as a means of transportation to and from the resident's place of business. (d) The vehicle shall be parked within the property lines of the lot but shall not be parked in the area immediatelyin front of the principal dwelling unless the area is paved and leads to a garage. § 190-22. Accessory uses. A. Residential accessory uses. (1) Single-family. Single-family residential accessory uses shall include the following: (a) Home occupation as defined in § 190-4, Definitions and word usage. (b) Private swimming pool, provided that a fence or protective barrier not less than five feet in height and having self-latching devices on all gates shall be installed and maintained so as to completely enclose the swimming pool. All latches shall be located not less than four feet above ground. (c) Temporary yard, lawn or garage sales with permit (one day a year). (d) Garage for parking noncommercial vehicles. (e) Storage shed or barn not exceeding 1,200 square feet in area or 25 feet in height. (f) Accessory apartments. [Added 5-10-1993 ATM by Art. 34]  Purpose and intent. It is the specific purpose and intent of allowing accessory apartments within one-family properties, except where enforceable deed covenants prohibit the same, in all one-family residence districts to meet thespecialhousingneeds offamilies. Tohelp achievethese goals and to promote the other objectives of this chapter, specific standards are set forth below for such accessory apartment uses.  Accessory apartments may be created only within single-family dwellings which are located on lots meeting the minimum lot area and width requirements of the applicable zone.  Owner occupancy required. The owner(s) of the one-family lot upon which the accessory apartment is located shall occupy at least one of the dwelling units on the premises. The special permit shall be issued to the owner of the property. Should there be a change in ownership, a change in the residence of the owner or the death or removal of the surviving parent or family member occupying the accessory apartment, the special permit use and the certificate of occupancy for the accessory apartment shall become null and void. Within 90 days of the death or removal of the surviving parent or family member, or prior to a change in ownership or residence, the second kitchen shall be removed andthehouse shall revert to asingle-familystatus. Should the new owner decide to live in the structure and desire to continue the use of the second dwelling unit, he shall apply to the Zoning Board of Appeals for a special permit. The owner-applicant shall be required to file on the subject property a declaration of covenants prior to the issuance of a special permit for an accessory apartment. This declaration shall be in favor of the Town of Wakefield and state that: [a] The special permit for an accessory apartment or any renewal of said special permit shall terminate upon the death of the undersigned and the spouse of the undersigned or upon the transfer of title to said premises or upon the undersigned no longer occupying the premises as his principal residence. [b] The new owner of the premises shall have to apply to the Zoning Board of Appeals for a special permit to continue the accessory apartment.  The special permit shall be issued on a year-to-year basis, and the Board of Appeals shall not renew any such permit where the need for such accessory use no longer exists. The Board shall require a bond or surety to insure that any improvements made shall be removed at the expiration of such special permit or the sale of the premises, whichever occurs first.  An accessory apartment must be located in the principal dwelling, provided that such principal dwelling conforms to the other requirements of this chapter, unless a variance therefor shall have been granted by the Zoning Board of Appeals.  Apartment size. The minimum floor size for an accessory apartment within a principal dwelling building shall be 300 square feet, but in no case shall it exceed 25% of the habitable area of the dwelling in which it is located, unless in the opinion of the Zoning Board of Appeals a greater or lesser amount of floor area is warranted by the specific circumstances of the particular building.  The accessory apartment shall not involve the extension or enlargement of the principal dwelling, except to provide access or egress, nor shall it change the single-family characteristic of the dwelling.  There shall be no more than one accessory apartment for a total of two dwelling units permitted per lot.  Applications for accessoryapartments shall be subject to approval solelyby the Board of Appeals.  Applications need only contain such information to determine compliance with regulations set forth herein. (2) Multifamily. In multifamily developments, the following accessory uses may be included ifreserved fortheoccupants' use:administrativeoffices, club rooms,common laundry room, swimming pool and other recreational facilities. B. Agricultural accessory uses. (1) Agricultural accessoryretail. The sale of natural products raised on the premises and of articles manufactured on the premises from such products is a permitted accessory use to commercial farming, provided that this shall not include any salesroom or other building for the sale or manufacture of such products unless specificallyallowed bythe Table of Use Regulations. 2 (2) Roadside stand. The Building Inspector shall grant a permit for a roadside stand in the districts where permitted, provided that: (a) The products and articles sold are limited to those permitted in § 190-19. (b) Such stand is set back at least 50 feet from any lot line. (c) Adequate provision is made for off-street parking on the premises. (d) Such stand or display is neatly maintained. C. Business accessory uses. (1) Accessory business production. Light manufacturing or preparation of products customarily sold on the premises by the producer to the consumer is permitted if limited to not more than 25% of the total gross floor area of the establishment and not engaging more than five employees at one time. 2. Editor's Note: See § 190-23. (2) Accessory drive-up service. A drive-up or drive-in window for a bank, laundry drop or the like shall require a special permit from the Board of Appeals to ensure that moving or waiting cars create no hazard or obstruction on a street or parking lot used by the general public. Drive-up service shall not constitute a nuisance of any type and shall not operate after 11:00 p.m. (3) Accessory outdoor storage and display. Outdoor storage and display accessory to a business next to a residential district shall not be permitted within 15 feet of the district boundary. (4) Accessory parking and loading. Parking and loading accessory to a business use is permitted in industrial and business districts, subject to the requirements of Article VII, Parking and Loading Requirements. D. Industrial accessory uses. (1) Accessory parking and loading. Parking and loading accessory to an industrial use is permitted in industrial and business districts, subject to the requirements of Article VII, Parking and Loading Requirements. (2) Accessoryoutdoor storage and display. The requirements of Subsection C(3) above for business shall apply. (3) Accessoryindustrial retail. The finished products of an industrial establishment maybe sold in the enclosed premises at retail, provided that: (a) The floor area devoted to such retail does not exceed 10% of the total gross floor area. (b) Accessory retail parking, signs and illumination are regulated as for a business district. (c) The retail portion of the establishment is closed to the public during periods of change of shift. (4) Accessory employee services. Provision may be made on the premises of an industrial or office establishment or within an industrial park for the primary use of persons employed or having business there to serve food, to sell small convenience articles, to provide areas for recreation and meeting and for the provision of a day nursery, kindergarten or day-care center. § 190-23. Table of Use Regulations. A. See Table 1 which is declared to be a part of this chapter. B. In the following Table of Use Regulations, the uses permitted by right in the district are designated bytheletter "Y." Thoseuses that arepermittedbyspecialpermit in thedistrict are designated bythe letters "SP." Those uses that are not permitted in the district are designated by the letter "N." Table 1 Table of Use Regulations Legend: Y = Permitted by right SP = Permitted by special permit N = Not permitted Principal Permitted Uses Zoning Districts SSR SR GR MR NB LB B LI I Residential and institutional uses Single-family detached dwelling Y2 Y2 Y Y Y N Y N N [Amended 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 30] Open space development (see § 190-93) [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 30; amended11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 31] Detached single-family units onYy [D-1]Y2 N N N N N N N 3 3 Including attached dwellings [DSP] SP N N N N N N N Mixed use development (see § 190N94) [D-N] N SP4 N N SP SP SP4 [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 33] Creative development (see § 190-N5) [D-4N N Y5 N N Y5 Y5 Y5 [Added 11-8-2004 RTM by Art. 34] Religious purpose Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Nonprofit educational use, libraYy or muYeuY Y Y Y Y Y Y School or educational use conducNed as aN N N Y Y Y Y Y business Charitable or philanthropic use SP SP SP Y Y Y Y Y Y Railroad local passenger stationN Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Membership club (noncommercial) N N SP Y Y Y Y Y Y Agriculture, horticulture or floriculturY uYe,YforYY Y Y Y Y domestic use only Agriculture, horticulture or floriculturY uYe,YsitY YY Y Y Y of 5 acres or more Municipal recreational use SP Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Governmental administration or pYblic saYetY Y Y Y Y Y Y building Home occupation (as defined in §N190-4) Y Y N Y Y Y N N Reservation, conservation or wilYlife prYseYveY Y Y Y Y Y Conversion of pre-1935 dwelling No 2-faSP Y Y Y N Y N N use on a lot of at least 12,000 square feet (see § 190-32G) Conversion of a dwelling to 3- or 4-famNlySP N N N N SP N N on a lot of at least 13,000 square feet (see § 190-32G) Telephone exchange or public utiNity usSP SP Y Y Y Y Y Y excluding any office, storage or repair use Hospital, sanitarium or convalescent orNnuSP Ng NSP SP N N SP home Cemetery N SP SP N Y SP SP Y Y 2-family dwelling N N Y Y Y N Y N N Mobile home park N N N N N N N N N Garden apartment or attached dwelling cNmpNexSP N SP SP SP SP [Amended 11-15-2001 RTM by Art. 15] Mid-rise apartment N N N SP N SP SP SP SP [Amended 11-15-2001 RTM by Art. 15] Day-care center N N SP SP SP SP SP SP SP Family day-care home SP SP SP N SP N SP N N Accessory use to a permitted resYdentiaY uYe Y Y Y Y N N Accessory apartments in Single ResidencSP NesNN N N N N N as set forth in § 190-22A(1)(f) [Added 5-10-1993 ATM by Art. 33] Accessory apartments in Special SPngle SP N N N N N N N Residence uses as set forth in § 190-22A(1)(f) [Added 5-19-1994 ATM by Art. 36] Business uses Retail store or service establisNment N N N Y SP Y SP SP [Amended 5-7-1992 ATM by Art. 33] Retail, service or restaurant use accesNorN tN anYN SP Y SP SP allowed industrial or commercial use Drive-in retail store or service establNshNenN orSP SP SP SP SP bank Restaurant N N N N Y SP Y Y Y [Amended 6-7-1990 ATM by Art. 38; 5-23-1994 ATM by Art. 37] Fast food N N N N N N SP N N [Amended 5-23-1994 ATM by Art. 37] Office of a physician, dentist, Nawyer Nr SP SP Y Y Y Y Y certified public accountant (CPA) not incidental to residential use Professional and business offices and fNnaNciNl NY Y Y Y Y institutions Theater, cinema, bowling alley or otherNinNooN N N N SP SP SP commercial amusement Hotel (intended for the occupation of tNanNieNts)NN SP SP SP SP Lodging or rooming house N N SP N N N SP N N Lodging unit N Y Y N N N Y N N Restaurant, newsstand, drugstore, barbeNshNp Nr NN Y Y Y Y gift shop within and entered from a hotel or office building Funeral home N N SP N Y N Y Y Y Veterinary establishment or kenNel N N N N N N N SP Municipal waste disposal faciliNy or trNnsNerN N N N SP SP station under the control of the Town Gasoline station N N N N N N SP SP SP Self-service laundromat or dry-cleaningNpiNkuN N Y N Y N N station Repair shop for household appliNnces anN N N Y N Y Y Y equipment) Establishment for the sale or lNase of NewNorN N N SP N SP used vehicles or boats, when displayed, sold or leased from the licensed premises [Amended 5-3-1993 ATM by Art. 38] Auto repair garage N N N N N N SP N SP Public garage (commercial) N N N N N SP SP SP SP Public parking garage (noncommeNcial) N SP N SP SP SP SP SP Commercial parking lot (nonacceNsory) N N N N SP SP SP SP Accessory uses to a permitted b--iness --eSP Y Y Y Y Y Y The display and sale upon an open lot oN pNrtNon N N SP SP SP of a lot of merchandise or goods, other than natural trees and plants, not produced or manufactured upon said lot [Added 6-20-1991 ATM by Art. 37] Adult bookstore N N N N N N N SP SP [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] Adult club N N N N N N N SP SP [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] Adult theater N N N N N N N SP SP [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] Adult video store N N N N N N N SP SP [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] Adult paraphernalia store N N N N N N N SP SP [Added 5-6-1996 ATM by Art. 37] Establishment which displays live nudityNfoN iNs NN N N SP SP patrons [Added 5-5-1997 ATM by Art. 39] Body art establishment N N N N N N N SP SP [Added 4-5-2001 ATM by Art. 16] Municipal utilityservicer or provider (including electric and gas), including related offices, warehouse, garages, parking of equipment and vehicles indoors or outdoors, storage of equipment and materials indoors or outdoors [Added 5-3-2010 ATM by Art. 27] N N N N N N SP N SP Industrial uses Light manufacturing
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'