New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 6

by: Samantha Fore

PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 6 PSYC 101

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Psychlogy > PSYC 101 > PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 6
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover week 6 (chapters 6 and 7) of an introduction to psychology course.
introduction to psychology
Class Notes
PSYC 101, Psychology, Psych 101, Intro to Psychology, Introduction to Psychology
25 ?




Popular in introduction to psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see introduction to psychology in Psychlogy at Ivy Tech Community College.

Similar to PSYC 101 at Ivy Tech Community College


Reviews for PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 6


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 6 and 7  Memory­ retention of info or experience over time; encoding, storage, retrieval  Memory encoding­ process by which info enters memory storage; whether and how well  the memory is encoded depends of attention, elaboration, and use of mental imagery  Selective attention­ brain has only limited capacity for conscious attention so it must  focus this attention on specific aspects of any situation  Divided attention­ attending to several things at once  Sustained attention­ attention to selected stimulus for a prolonged period of time  Elaboration­ involved making a number of different connections between the new info to  be memorized and existing networks in the brain  Mental imagery­ powerful encoding tool; which you think about the info to be processed  using both verbal and visual coding  Sensory memory­ auditory sensory memory retained up to several seconds; visual  sensory memory retained only about ¼ second  Short­term memory­ limited capacity; info retained for 30 seconds  Rehearsal­ conscious repetition of info; maintenance rehearsal involved repetition  without additional elaboration   Phonological loop­ Baddeley; briefly stores speech­based info  Visuo­spatial working memory­ Baddeley; stores visual and spatial info  Central executive­ Baddeley; integrates info  Long­term memory­ relatively permanent memory; explicit and implicit  Explicitly (declarative) memory­ conscious recollection of info that can be verbally  communicated; hippocampus, temporal lobes, and amygdala  Episodic memory­ autobiographical info  Semantic memory­ knowledge about the world  Implicit (non­declarative) memory­ nonconscious recollection of skills and sensory  perceptions; memories we act on without awareness; cerebellum, temporal lobes, and  hippocampus   Procedural memory­ memory for skills  Classical conditioning­ memory for associations between stimuli  Priming­ activation of info already in storage  Schemas­ used to organize the storage and retrieval of memories  Atkinson­Shiffrin Theory­ sensory memory  short term   long­term                                                                                    (Attention)    (Transfer, retrieval)  Connectionism­ memory is stored throughout the brain in connections among neurons;  memory located in specific circuits of neurons; neurotransmitters play role in forging  connections  Retrieval cues­ something that can trigger a memory  Recall­ memory task to retrieve previously learned info  Recognition­ memory task to recognize   Repressed memories­ defense mechanism by which a person, traumatized, forgets  memories  Encoding failure­ never encoded; info never entered into long­term memory  Retrieval failure­ forgotten info  Proactive interference­ material learned earlier disrupts retrieval of material learned later  Retroactive interference­ material learned later disrupts retrieval of material learned  earlier  Decay­ neurochemical memory “trace” disintegrates over time   Tip­of­the­tongue phenomenon­ confident of knowing something but unable to retrieve it  Amnesia­ loss of memory  Retrograde amnesia­ memory loss of segment of past but not for new events  Anterograde­ disorder that effects retention of new info  Thinking­ involves manipulating info mentally by forming concepts, solving problems,  making decisions, and reflecting   Problem solving­ finding appropriate way to attain goal which is not readily available  Subgoaling­ identifying intermediate steps of goals that will help you toward the final  goal  Algorithms­ strategies that guarantee a solution  Heuristics­ shortcuts that will give us a likely solution to a problem, but not guaranteed   Fixation­ repeatedly using prior strategy and failing to look at problem from fresh, new  perspective  Functional fixedness­ failure to solve a problem due to a fixation  Reasoning­ mental activity of transforming info to reach conclusions (inductive and  deductive)  Confirmation bias­ the tendency to search for and use info that supports ideas  Hindsight bias­ tendency to report falsely that outcome was accurately predicted   Availability heuristic­ prediction about possibility of event based on recalling  Representativeness heuristic­ tendency to make judgments about group memberships  based on match to group stereotype 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.