PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 7
PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 7 PSYC 101
Ivy Tech Community College
Popular in introduction to psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see introduction to psychology in Psychlogy at Ivy Tech Community College.
Reviews for PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 7
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 8 Nature person’s biological inheritance, especially from genes Nurture individual’s environmental and social experiences Resilience person’s ability to recover or adapt to difficult times Physical process involve changes in an individual’s biological nature Cognitive process involve changes in one’s thought, intelligence, and language Socioemotional process involve changes in one’s relationships with other people, changes in emotions and personality Zygote to fetus germinal period (weeks 1 and 2), embryonic period (weeks 38), and fetal period (months 29) Teratogen agent that can penetrate the protections of the mother and cause birth defects; can include nicotine, heroin, alcohol, rubella, HIV, and sexually transmitted diseases Preterm infant born before full term Newborns are genetically wired with reflexes like sucking, swallowing, coughing, blinking, and yawning. Preferential looking technique helps assess abilities of infants before they can communicate with language Physical development of infancy branching of dendrites, myelination Physical development of childhood increase in synaptic connections, pruning of unused neural connections, rapid growth in frontal lobe areas Physical development of adolescence period spanning between childhood to adulthood; begin 1012 and ends 1821; brain changes in the development of amygdala and prefrontal cortex Physical development of adulthood peak physical development in the 20s; changes in 40s or 50s involve appearance Cellularclock theory as we age, our cells become less capable of dividing Freeradical theory people age because unstable oxygen molecules are produced inside our cells Hormonal stress theory aging in the body’s hormonal system can have lower resistance to stress Piaget’s assimilation occurs when individuals incorporate new info into existing knowledge Piaget’s accommodation occurs when one adjusts their schemas to new info Piaget’s sensorimotor stage lasts from birth to 2 years; construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experience Piaget’s object permanence understanding that objects continue to exist even when they can’t be seen, heard, or touched Piaget’s preoperational stage 27 years of age; begin of symbolic thinking; inability to perform operations; egocentric and intuitive thinking Piaget’s concrete operational stage 711 years of age; involves using operations; better to reason in multiple dimensions Piaget’s formal operational stage 1115 years of age; thinking is abstract and logical; becomes idealistic; uses hypotheticaldeductive reasoning Ballillargeon’s alternative view of object permanence documented that infants as young as 3 months know that objects exist when hidden Vygotsky’s cognitive development in cultural context recognized that cognitive development is an interpersonal process Revisionist views adolescent and adult cognition; involves the beliefs that one is unique and invincible and others are preoccupied with the adolescent as her or she is Socioemotional development in infancy temperament (one’s behavior style and how one responds) and attachment (close emotional bond between infant and his/her caregiver) Socioemotional development in infancy and childhood authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and neglectful Humans have 46 chromosomes in pairs 2 x chromosomes (female) and x & y chromosomes (male) Gender schema mental framework for understanding what it means to be male or female in one’s culture; children acquire though social world Gender roles involve expectations for how females and males should think, act, and feel Kohlberg’s preconventional stage based on consequences of a behavior and on punishments or rewards from external world Kohlberg’s conventional stage abiding by parental or social standards Kohlberg’s postconventional stage recognizes alternative moral courses, explorations, and develops personal moral code Terror management theory says that our attitudes towards death awareness creates the potential for overwhelming terros Kubler Ross’s Stages of Dying denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance Bonanno’s Theory of Grieving resilience, recovery, chronic dysfunction, and delayed grief or trauma
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'