PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 8
PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 8 PSYC 101
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see introduction to psychology in Psychlogy at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 9 0 Motivation force that moves people to behave think and feel as they do may be affected by biology psychology and society 3 main theoretical approaches evolutionary drive reduction and optimum arousal 0 Evolutionary approach to motivation ethology studies animal behavior and describes motivation from an evolutionary pov and instincts innate biological patterns of behavior assumed to be universal throughout species 0 Drive reduction approach to motivation drive arousal state that occurs due to physiological need need state of deprivation that energizes a drive to reduce or eliminate that deprivation and homeostasis body s tendency to maintain equilibrium 0 Optimum arousal approach to motivation YerkesDodson law performance is best under conditions of moderate arousal rather than low or high arousal in a state of low arousal one may be too lethargic in a state of high arousal one may not be able to concentrate 0 Maslow s Hierarchy of Needs argued that our needs are ordered in hierarchy and that we are motivated to satisfy them in a sequence from physiological needs safety love belongingness esteem and selfactualization 0 Selfdetermination theory competence met when we feel we are able to bring about desired outcomes relatedness need to engage in warm relationships with others and autonomy sense that we are in control of own lives research supports these elements crosscultural evidence suggests that needs emphasized are likely to be valued in Western and Eastern cultures 0 Intrinsic motivation based on internal factors 0 Extrinsic motivation external incentives such as rewards and punishments 0 Selfregulation process by which an organism controls behavior in order to pursue important objectives 0 J ames Lange Theory emotion results from physiological states triggered by stimuli in the environment 0 CannonB ard Theory proposes that emotion and physiological reactions occur simultaneously 0 Endorphins and dopamine positive emotions 0 Norepinephrine functions in regulating arousal 0 Twofactor theory of emotion physiological arousal is subject to cognitive labeling Facial feedback hypothesis facial expressions can in uence emotion as well as re ect them facial muscles send signal to brain to help recognize emotion Culture and the expression of emotion display rules are sociocultural standard determining when where how emotions should be expressed Circumplex Model places different emotional states on two dimensions valence whether emotions feel pleasant or not and arousal level degree to which emotion is re ected in being active engaged or excited Broadenandbuild model function of positive emotions lies in their effects on our attention our ability to build resources
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