PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 9
PSYC 101 Introduction to Psychology Week 9 PSYC 101
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see introduction to psychology in Psychlogy at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 10 Personality pattern of enduring distinctive thoughts emotions and behaviors which characterize how an individual adapts Psychodynamic perspectives emphasize that personality is unconscious too much faith on the unconscious mind too much emphasis on sexuality what models claim cannon be tests empirically Freud s psychoanalytic theory sexual drive is the most important human motivator and main determinant of personality Freud s 3 main structures of personality id consists of unconscious drives reserver of sexual energy works according to pleasure principle ego deals with demands of reality abides by the reality principle superego evaluates morality of behavior re ected in conscience Freud s Psychosexual stages of personality development oral 01 years old anal 13 years old phallic 356 years old latent 56 puberty and genital puberty adult Homey s Sociocultural approach emphasizes sociocultural in uences on personality development both sexes envy attributes women envy status bestowed on men men envy reproductive capabilities of women Jung s Analytical Theory emphasized the important of collective unconscious impersonal deepest layer of the unconscious mind re ecting cultural memories and archetypes Adler s Individual Psychology people motivated by purposes and goals perfection as kay motivator we are motivated by compensation birth order can in uence success by forcing siblings to strive for superiority Humanistic perspectives emphasize person s capacity for personal growth and positive human qualities Maslow and Rogers Maslow s Approach emphasized pursuit of selfactualization as central to personality saw selfactualizers as creative and possessing a childlike capacity for awe Rogers Approach adaptive personality develops within a context of unconditional positive regard state of being accepted valued and treated positively with no conditions of worth attached Trait Perspectives been the most dominant contemporary approach compare to states which are eeting you may be generally happy trait but that doesn t mean you won t be unhappy Gordon Allport advocated trait theory as an alternative to the models of Freud focuses on the practical value of personality and connections of personality traits health career relationships FiveFactor Model neuroticism lower levels of wellbeing extraversion higher levels of wellbeing openness to experience agreeableness conscientiousness Personological Approach Henry Murray proposed personology as the study of the whole person developed the Thematic Apperception Test TAT Life Story Approach Dan McAdams our life stories are our identities highlighted importance of the intimacy motive and enduring concern for warm interpersonal encounters Psychobiography means of inquiry that applies personality theory to a single person s life Social Cognitive Perspectives emphasizes conscious awareness beliefs expectations and goals Bandura s Social Cognitive Theory reciprocal determinism personality is a product of the interactions between behavior environment and the person and cognitive factors CAPS Theory Walter Mischel Cognitive Affective Processing Systems thoughts and emotions about selfworld affect behavior Reticular Activating System RAS located in the brain stem plays role in wakefulness or arousal Eysenck s RAS Theory we all share optimal arousal level the RAS of extraverts and introverts are just different in baseline levels of arousal Gray s Reinforcement Sensitivity behavior activation system sensitive to rewards predisposition to positive emotion underlies extraversions and behavior inhibition system sensitive to punishers predisposition to fear underlies neuroticism SelfReport Tests directly ask people Whether different items describe their personality or not people are motivated to respond in a way that make them look better more likely to lie about negative traits MMPI and NEOPIR Projective Tests give people With ambiguous stimulus ask them to describe it designed to elicit unconscious feelings and thoughts Rorschach inkblot tests and Thematic Apperception Test
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