Week 1 Intro to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 1 Intro to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 1 Introduction to Sociology Paradox successful sociologist make the familiar strange Sociology study of human society Sociological imagination coined by C. Wright Mills; connect our personal experiences to society at large and historical forces; make the “familiar strange” Social Institutions networks of structures in society that work to socialize the groups of people within them; examples: legal system, labor market, military, family Social identity the way people define themselves in relation to groups they are a part of or not a part of Auguste Comte society is better understood by determining the logic or scientific laws governing human behavior, called social physics/positivism Harriet Martineau first to translate Comte’s works to English; 1 of the first earliest feminist social scientists Karl Marx theory of historical materialism, which identifies class conflict as primary cause of social change Max Weber emphasis on subjectivity; became a foundation of interpretive sociology Emile Durkheim founder of positivist sociology; developed the theory that division of labor helps to determine how social cohesion is maintained, or not, in society. Georg Simmel formal sociology, a sociology of pure numbers Modern Sociology Theories: functionalism, conflict theory, feminist theory, symbolic interactionism, postmodernism, and midrange theory Early American Sociology became prominent at University of Chicago. Chicago thinkers: Charles Horton Cooley, George Herbert Mead, W.I. Thomas, W.E.B DuBois, Jane Addams Chicago School focused on empirical research, the belief that people’s behaviors and personalities are shaped environmentally and socially. Sociology focuses on making comparisons across cases to find patterns and create hypotheses about how societies work now or how they use to work History and anthropology tend to focus more on particular circumstances Psychology and biology examine things on a more micro level Political science focuses on one aspect of social relations; that is power Microsociology local interactional contexts; facetoface encounters; gathering data through participant observations and interviews Macrosociology looks at social dynamics across entire societies or huge parts of them and relies on statistical analysis Interpretive sociology focuses on meaning that people attach to social phenomena, prioritizing situations over a search for social facts that transcend time and place Positive sociology normal science; tries to reveal the social facts that affect social life by developing and testing hypotheses based on theories
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