Week 2 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 2 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 2 Methods Research methods standard rules that social scientists follow when trying to establish a causal relationship between social elements Quantitative methods seek to obtain info about the social word that is in, or can be converted to, numeric form Qualitative methods attempt to collect info about the social world that cannot be readily converted to numeric form Deductive approach 1) starts with a theory 2) develops hypothesis 3) makes empirical observations 4) analyzes the data collected through observations 5) confirm, reject, or modify the original theory Inductive approach 1) starts with empirical observation 2) then works to from theory 3) determines if correlation exists by noticing if a change is observed in two things simultaneously Causality idea that a change in one factor results in corresponding change in another Sociologists conduct research to try to prove causation. To prove causation, correlation, and time order are established and alternative explanation are ruled out. Dependent variable the outcome that a researcher is trying to explain Independent variable measured factor that the researcher believes has a casual impact on the dependent variable Moderating variables factors that affect the relationship between the independent and dependent variables Mediating variables factors that are positioned between the independent and dependent variables but do not affect the relationship between them Operationalism process by which a researcher specifies a term and methods he or she will use in a particular study Hypothesis proposed relationship between two variables, represented by either the null hypothesis or an alternative hypothesis Good research has… Validity (does the study measure what it is intended to measure?), Reliability (If you conduct the study again, will you get the same results?), and Generalizability (Will the findings of this study apply to other populations or group of people?) Feminist methodology treats women’s experiences as legitimate empirical and theoretical resources; promotes social science that may bring about policy change to help women; is as conscious of the role of the researcher as that of the subjects being studied Types of Data Collection participant observation, interviews, surveys, comparative research, experiments, content analysis, and historical methods Duncan Watts describes his research on the Matthew Effect; hypothesized that it is not just the quality of something that determines its success, but also the luck of it catching on via peertopeer influence Researchers must meet codified standards set by professional associations, academic institutions, or research centers when conducting studies Researchers must guard against causing physical, emotional, or psychological harm to subjects Informed consent and voluntary participations are guidelines researchers use to ensure subjects know they are participants in a study and have voluntarily chosen to do so Public sociology practice of using sociological research, teaching, and service to reach a wider audience and influence society
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