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Week 2 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111

by: Samantha Fore

Week 2 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Sociology > SOCI 111 > Week 2 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 2 (chapter 2) of an introductory of sociology course.
Introductory Sociology
Class Notes
SOCI 111, SOCI 101, Intro to sociology, sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 2­ Methods  Research methods­ standard rules that social scientists follow when trying to establish a  causal relationship between social elements  Quantitative methods­ seek to obtain info about the social word that is in, or can be  converted to, numeric form  Qualitative methods­ attempt to collect info about the social world that cannot be readily  converted to numeric form  Deductive approach­ 1) starts with a theory 2) develops hypothesis 3) makes empirical  observations 4) analyzes the data collected through observations 5) confirm, reject, or  modify the original theory  Inductive approach­ 1) starts with empirical observation 2) then works to from theory 3)  determines if correlation exists by noticing if a change is observed in two things  simultaneously   Causality­ idea that a change in one factor results in corresponding change in another  Sociologists conduct research to try to prove causation.  To prove causation, correlation, and time order are established and alternative  explanation are ruled out.  Dependent variable­ the outcome that a researcher is trying to explain  Independent variable­ measured factor that the researcher believes has a casual impact on the dependent variable  Moderating variables­ factors that affect the relationship between the independent and  dependent variables  Mediating variables­ factors that are positioned between the independent and dependent  variables but do not affect the relationship between them  Operationalism­ process by which a researcher specifies a term and methods he or she  will use in a particular study  Hypothesis­ proposed relationship between two variables, represented by either the null  hypothesis or an alternative hypothesis  Good research has… Validity (does the study measure what it is intended to measure?),  Reliability (If you conduct the study again, will you get the same results?), and  Generalizability (Will the findings of this study apply to other populations or group of  people?)  Feminist methodology­ treats women’s experiences as legitimate empirical and  theoretical resources; promotes social science that may bring about policy change to help  women; is as conscious of the role of the researcher as that of the subjects being studied   Types of Data Collection­ participant observation, interviews, surveys, comparative  research, experiments, content analysis, and historical methods  Duncan Watts­ describes his research on the Matthew Effect; hypothesized that it is not  just the quality of something that determines its success, but also the luck of it catching  on via peer­to­peer influence  Researchers must meet codified standards set by professional associations, academic  institutions, or research centers when conducting studies  Researchers must guard against causing physical, emotional, or psychological harm to  subjects  Informed consent and voluntary participations are guidelines researchers use to ensure  subjects know they are participants in a study and have voluntarily chosen to do so  Public sociology­ practice of using sociological research, teaching, and service to reach a  wider audience and influence society


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