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Week 4 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111

by: Samantha Fore

Week 4 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Sociology > SOCI 111 > Week 4 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 4 (chapter 4) of an introductory sociology course.
Introductory Sociology
Class Notes
SOCI 111, SOCI 101, Intro to sociology, sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 4­ Socialization and Construction of Reality  Socialization­ process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a society and learn to function as a member of society; Socialization cannot explain  everything about a person’s development and personality; biology is a very important  component as well.  Charles Horton Cooley­ theorized that the “self” emerges from our ability to assume the  point of view of others and imagine how those others see us  George Herbert Mead­ developed a theory about how the social self develops over the  course of childhood; infants know the only “I” but through social interaction they learn  about “me” and the “other”; they develop a concept of the “generalized other” which  allows them to apply normal behaviors learned in specific situations to new situations;  Mead stress the importance of imitation, play, and games in helping children recognize  one another, distinguish between self and other, and grasp the idea that other people can  have multiple role  Eric Erikson­ established a theory of psychosocial development that identifies 8 stages  that span a person’s lifetime; each stage involves a specific conflict that a person must  confront in order to move on to the next stage  C.J. Pascoe­ talks about the use of the term “fag” by high school boys; argues that the  term is used to police the boundaries of masculinity and not primarily sexuality.  Agents of socialization­ families, school, peers, media, and institutions are important  socializing agents or environments  Total institutions­ an institution in which one is totally immersed that controls all the  basics of day­to­day life  Annette Laneau­ explains that parenting strageties vary by social class and points out that it is unclear whether these differences affect the long­term outcomes of children  Resocialization­ change in values, beliefs, or norms through an intense social process  Status­ position in society that comes with a set of expectations  Ascribed status­ one we are born with that is unlikely to change  Achieved status­ one we have earned through individual effort or is imposed by others  Master status­ statues that seems to override all others and affects all other statuses that  one possesses  Roles­ behaviors expected from a particular status  Role conflict­ when the roles associated with one status clash with the roles associated  with a different status  Role strain­ occurs when roles associated with a single status clash  Gender roles­ set of behavioral norms associated primarily with males or females in a  given social group or system  Social construction­ people give meaning or value to ideas or objects through social  interactions; ongoing process that is embedded in our daily interactions  Symbolic interactionism­ a micro­level theory based on the idea that people act in  accordance with shared meaning, orientations, and assumptions  Erving Goffman­ dramaturgical theory; views social life as a theatrical performance in  which we are all actors on metaphysical stages with roles, scripts, costumes, and sets.  Ethnomethodology­ approach to studying human interaction that focuses on the ways in  which we make sense of our world, convey this to others, and produce mutually shared  order  Breaching experiments­ Harold Garfinkel developed a method for studying social  interactions which involved having collaborations exhibit “abnormal” or “atypical”  behaviors in social interactions in order to see how people would react


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