Week 4 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 4 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 4 Socialization and Construction of Reality Socialization process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a society and learn to function as a member of society; Socialization cannot explain everything about a person’s development and personality; biology is a very important component as well. Charles Horton Cooley theorized that the “self” emerges from our ability to assume the point of view of others and imagine how those others see us George Herbert Mead developed a theory about how the social self develops over the course of childhood; infants know the only “I” but through social interaction they learn about “me” and the “other”; they develop a concept of the “generalized other” which allows them to apply normal behaviors learned in specific situations to new situations; Mead stress the importance of imitation, play, and games in helping children recognize one another, distinguish between self and other, and grasp the idea that other people can have multiple role Eric Erikson established a theory of psychosocial development that identifies 8 stages that span a person’s lifetime; each stage involves a specific conflict that a person must confront in order to move on to the next stage C.J. Pascoe talks about the use of the term “fag” by high school boys; argues that the term is used to police the boundaries of masculinity and not primarily sexuality. Agents of socialization families, school, peers, media, and institutions are important socializing agents or environments Total institutions an institution in which one is totally immersed that controls all the basics of daytoday life Annette Laneau explains that parenting strageties vary by social class and points out that it is unclear whether these differences affect the longterm outcomes of children Resocialization change in values, beliefs, or norms through an intense social process Status position in society that comes with a set of expectations Ascribed status one we are born with that is unlikely to change Achieved status one we have earned through individual effort or is imposed by others Master status statues that seems to override all others and affects all other statuses that one possesses Roles behaviors expected from a particular status Role conflict when the roles associated with one status clash with the roles associated with a different status Role strain occurs when roles associated with a single status clash Gender roles set of behavioral norms associated primarily with males or females in a given social group or system Social construction people give meaning or value to ideas or objects through social interactions; ongoing process that is embedded in our daily interactions Symbolic interactionism a microlevel theory based on the idea that people act in accordance with shared meaning, orientations, and assumptions Erving Goffman dramaturgical theory; views social life as a theatrical performance in which we are all actors on metaphysical stages with roles, scripts, costumes, and sets. Ethnomethodology approach to studying human interaction that focuses on the ways in which we make sense of our world, convey this to others, and produce mutually shared order Breaching experiments Harold Garfinkel developed a method for studying social interactions which involved having collaborations exhibit “abnormal” or “atypical” behaviors in social interactions in order to see how people would react
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