Week 5 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 5 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 5 Groups and Networks Social groups form the building blocks for society and for most social interactions Georg Simmel argued that the key element in determining the form of social relations in a group is the size of the group; emphasized the differences between social relations in a dyad and a triad; also came up with 3 categories (small groups, parties, and large groups) Dyad most intimate of social life because the two members are mutually dependent on each other if one member leaves there is no group When a third person joins a dyad that person can fill the role of: mediator (conflict resolver), tertius gaudens (person who profits from disagreement), and divid et impera; “divide and conquer” (one who purposefully breaks up the two) As group size increases, the number of possible relationships increase. C.H. Cooley two main groups (primary groups and secondary groups); ingroups, out groups, and reference groups Asch Test an experiment developed in the 1940s that shows how much people are influenced by action or norms of the group Social network set of relations (dyads) held together by ties between individuals Tie set of stories that explains a relationship to other members of a network Narrative sum of the stories contained in a series of ties Embeddedness the degree to which ties are reinforced through indirect paths within a social network Structural hole gap between network clusters or two people that would benefit from having the gap closed Social capital the information and knowledge of people or ideas, and connections that help individuals enter preexisting networks or gain power in them; high amounts of social capital in a community generally means that the community is tightly knit and can come together to face challenges and make improvements Network analysis researchers use basic concepts about groups and social networks that we have discussed to investigate how group life shapes individual behavior Organization any social network that is defined by a common purpose and has a boundary between its membership and rest of the social world Organizational culture the shared beliefs and behaviors in a social group Organizational structure the ways in which power and authority are distributed within an organization Institutional isomorphism a constraining process that forces organizations to resemble other organizations that face the same set of environmental conditions Immigrations and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 (Hart Cellar Act) changed the face of immigration as we know of it today; eliminating quotas on national origin and replacing this approach with a system of family preferences Paul Di Maggio and Walter Powell part of a school of thought called new institutionalism which tries to develop a sociological view of institutions; coined the phrase “institutional isomorphism” Mark Granovetter developed the concept of the “strength of weak ties” to explain that relatively weak ties can actually be valuable because they are more likely to provide new opportunities than a strongly embedded tie
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