Week 8 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 8 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 8 Gender Sex natural or biological differences that distinguish males and females Sexuality refers to desire, preference, sexual identity, and behavior Gender social construct that consists of a set of social arrangements that are built around sex Gender roles sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one’s status as a male or female Feminism intellectual, consciousnessraising movement based on the idea that women and men should be accorded equal opportunities; seeks to get people to understand that gender is an organizing principle of life Structural Functionalist approach of gender assumes that gender differences exist to fulfill necessary functions in society; doesn’t allow for the possibility that other structures could fulfill the same of that structures change through history Psychoanalytic theories of gender focuses on the individualistic explanations for gender differences; inherent in these theories is the notion that these are natural differences between men and women that dictate how they behave Conflict theories of gender argue that patriarchal capitalists benefit through systems that subordinate women Sociologist feminists argue that all social relations (even between workers and owners of the means of production) stem from unequal gender relations Social constructionists argue that gender is a process that people participate in with every social interactions they have Black feminists pointed out that gender doesn’t function in a vacuum and that gender studies must take into account that there is no single category of men or women; also pointed out that some women are not only privileged than other women but also more than some men Postmodern theorists question the whole notion of “women” as a separate, stable category and question the value and appropriateness of Western scholars applying the cultural logic to the study of nonWestern societies Homosexuality social identity of a person who has attraction with people of the same sex; concept/identity emerged in mid19 century Women face many challenges in the working world today, including unequal pay, sexual harassment, sexism, tracking to certain kinds of jobs, the “feminization” of jobs, the glass ceiling, etc. Hegemonic masculinity ideal notion of a man that is so dominant, people aren’t even really aware of it; dominant and privileged Michael Foucault relates the emergence of the homosexual identity to the development of states and scientific disciplines and the desire in both areas to monitor and categorize people and behavior; selfsurveillance is a form of social control Essentialism line of thought that explains social phenomena in terms of natural ones
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