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Week 8 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111

by: Samantha Fore

Week 8 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Sociology > SOCI 111 > Week 8 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 8 (chapter 8) of an introductory sociology course.
Introductory Sociology
Class Notes
SOCI 111, SOCI 101, Intro to sociology, sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 8­ Gender  Sex­ natural or biological differences that distinguish males and females  Sexuality­ refers to desire, preference, sexual identity, and behavior  Gender­ social construct that consists of a set of social arrangements that are built around  sex  Gender roles­ sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one’s status as a male or  female  Feminism­ intellectual, consciousness­raising movement based on the idea that women  and men should be accorded equal opportunities; seeks to get people to understand that  gender is an organizing principle of life  Structural Functionalist approach of gender­ assumes that gender differences exist to  fulfill necessary functions in society; doesn’t allow for the possibility that other structures could fulfill the same of that structures change through history  Psychoanalytic theories of gender­ focuses on the individualistic explanations for gender  differences; inherent in these theories is the notion that these are natural differences  between men and women that dictate how they behave  Conflict theories of gender­ argue that patriarchal capitalists benefit through systems that  subordinate women  Sociologist feminists­ argue that all social relations (even between workers and owners of the means of production) stem from unequal gender relations  Social constructionists­ argue that gender is a process that people participate in with  every social interactions they have  Black feminists­ pointed out that gender doesn’t function in a vacuum and that gender  studies must take into account that there is no single category of men or women; also  pointed out that some women are not only privileged than other women but also more  than some men  Postmodern theorists­ question the whole notion of “women” as a separate, stable  category and question the value and appropriateness of Western scholars applying the  cultural logic to the study of non­Western societies  Homosexuality­ social identity of a person who has attraction with people of the same  sex; concept/identity emerged in mid­19  century  Women face many challenges in the working world today, including unequal pay, sexual  harassment, sexism, tracking to certain kinds of jobs, the “feminization” of jobs, the glass ceiling, etc.  Hegemonic masculinity­ ideal notion of a man that is so dominant, people aren’t even  really aware of it; dominant and privileged  Michael Foucault­ relates the emergence of the homosexual identity to the development  of states and scientific disciplines and the desire in both areas to monitor and categorize  people and behavior; self­surveillance is a form of social control  Essentialism­ line of thought that explains social phenomena in terms of natural ones


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