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Week 9 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111

by: Samantha Fore

Week 9 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Sociology > SOCI 111 > Week 9 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 9 (chapter 9) of an introductory sociology course.
Introductory Sociology
Class Notes
SOCI 111, SOCI 101, Intro to sociology, sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 9­ Race and Ethnicity  Race­ social construct that changes over time and across different contexts; defined as a  group of people who share a set of characteristics and are said to share a common  bloodline; doesn’t exist biologically; is imposed, hierarchical, exclusive, and unequal  Racism­ belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal human traits th  In 19  century there were a number of scientists researching and attempting to “explain”  racial difference; efforts were mainly due to ethnocentrism  Social Darwinism­ 19  century theory; notion that some groups or races evolved more  than others and were better fit to survive and rule over other races  Supporters of eugenics (science of genetic lines and the inheritable traits they pass on  from generations) claimed that traits could be traced through bloodlines and bred into  populations (for positive traits) or out of them (for negative traits).  Racialization­ formation of a new racial identity in which new ideological boundaries of  difference are drawn around a formerly unnoticed group of people  Ethnicity­ voluntary, self­defined, nonhierarchical, fluid, cultural, and not closely linked  with power differences  Symbolic ethnicity­ individualistic in nature and without real social cost for an individual  Pluralism­ in the context of race and ethnicity, is the presences and engaged coexistence  of many distinct groups in one society, with no one group being the majority  Segregation­ legal or social act of separating people by their race; official policy in the  U.S. up until the 1960s  Four ways that groups respond to oppression are withdrawal, passing, acceptance, and  resistance.  Prejudice­ negative thoughts and feelings about an ethnic or racial group  Discrimination­ harmful or negative acts against people deemed inferior on the basis of  their racial category  A wealth gap does exist between whites and minority groups in America that has  historical roots and that cannot be overcome through income equality.  Straight­line assimilation model­ 1920; Robert Park; involed four stages (contact,  competition, accommodation, and assimilation; in 1964, Milton Gordon offered up a  variation on Park’s model, one that involved seven stages that immigrants could pass  through or get stuck in  Ethnic identification­ can persist even after a group has become fairly well assimilated  Primordialism­ ethic ties that are fixed in a deeply felt connection to one’s homeland  culture


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