Week 9 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 9 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 9 Race and Ethnicity Race social construct that changes over time and across different contexts; defined as a group of people who share a set of characteristics and are said to share a common bloodline; doesn’t exist biologically; is imposed, hierarchical, exclusive, and unequal Racism belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal human traits th In 19 century there were a number of scientists researching and attempting to “explain” racial difference; efforts were mainly due to ethnocentrism Social Darwinism 19 century theory; notion that some groups or races evolved more than others and were better fit to survive and rule over other races Supporters of eugenics (science of genetic lines and the inheritable traits they pass on from generations) claimed that traits could be traced through bloodlines and bred into populations (for positive traits) or out of them (for negative traits). Racialization formation of a new racial identity in which new ideological boundaries of difference are drawn around a formerly unnoticed group of people Ethnicity voluntary, selfdefined, nonhierarchical, fluid, cultural, and not closely linked with power differences Symbolic ethnicity individualistic in nature and without real social cost for an individual Pluralism in the context of race and ethnicity, is the presences and engaged coexistence of many distinct groups in one society, with no one group being the majority Segregation legal or social act of separating people by their race; official policy in the U.S. up until the 1960s Four ways that groups respond to oppression are withdrawal, passing, acceptance, and resistance. Prejudice negative thoughts and feelings about an ethnic or racial group Discrimination harmful or negative acts against people deemed inferior on the basis of their racial category A wealth gap does exist between whites and minority groups in America that has historical roots and that cannot be overcome through income equality. Straightline assimilation model 1920; Robert Park; involed four stages (contact, competition, accommodation, and assimilation; in 1964, Milton Gordon offered up a variation on Park’s model, one that involved seven stages that immigrants could pass through or get stuck in Ethnic identification can persist even after a group has become fairly well assimilated Primordialism ethic ties that are fixed in a deeply felt connection to one’s homeland culture
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