Week 10 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 10 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 11Health and SocietV 0 Doctors have a big amount of social power political power and prestige because they offer a valued product health limited number of doctors due to extensive education training and strict regulation of profession 0 Talcott Parsons developed the concept of the sick role assigns a sick person two rights and two obligations concept is individualistic and does not take into fact how social conditions can effect one s health 0 United States does not offer universal health care the four main types of healthcare coverage in America are feeforservice health maintenance organization HMOs Medicare and Medicade 0 Technology advancements in the medical field have allowed for the detection of diseases genetic anomalies in fetuses both raise ethical question and social implications and multiple births and premature births also present medical and ethical dilemmas 0 There are three theories that try to explain why people with higher socioeconomic status have better health selection theory drift explanation and social determinants theory 0 Selection theory connection between low income and poorer health as factors 0 Drift explanation connection between income and health if one has poor health they might be less likely to find a job 0 Social determinants theory social status can determine an individual s health 0 Married people usually live long but it is unclear whether marriage actually benefits a person s health or healthier people tend to get married 0 Women live longer than men 0 Large families and children born close together are both associated with higher child mortality rate due to greater demands on the parents financial and emotional resources 0 Significant increase in pharmaceuticals to treat mental illnesses negative are devaluation of talk therapy overprescribingmisprescribing and stigma attaches pharmaceutical companies are becoming more and more powerful 0 Malaria has been identified as a major obstacle in economic development 0 Antibiotics are becoming less effective 0 Morbidity illness in a broad sense 0 Medicalization when problems not traditionally seen as medical become to be framed as medical Chapter 17 Science Environment Society 0 Paradigm framework within which scientists operate 0 Normal Science Thomas Kuhn science conducted within an existing paradigm discoveries may be made that add to or clarify but don t challenge the paradigm 0 Scientific revolutions Thomas Kuhn paradigm shifts occur when enough anomalies accrue during practice of normal science to challenge a paradigm 0 Normative science the idea that science follows objective rules of evidence and is unaffected by personal beliefs or values of scientists 0 Boundary work research conducted on the border between legitimate and nonlegitimate science either within a specific scientific discipline or between disciplines 0 Bruno Latour and Steve Woolgar claim that scientific facts don t reveal just themselves through experiments and research but are socially constructed as scientists debate findings discuss results and work through disagreements all of which is in uenced by unequal power relations between researchers 0 Matthew effect Robert Merton the notion that certain scientific results get more notice and have more in uence based on the existing prestige of researchers involved Many scientists agree that the beginnings of global warming can be linked to human activity such as deforestation and burning of oil coal and gas Global warming is predicted to impact human society by prolonged heat waves droughts and frequent hurricanes Supporters argue that GMOs can help bring down food prices reduce dependence on pesticide and herbicides reduce waste and provide vitaminmineral content Critics argue that GMOs create risks to environmental and human health Green revolution the 2 agricultural trends of 20th century introduction of highyiled crop varietals in developing countries and improvements in agricultural technologies increases incomes value of formal schooling and making farming more of collective community endeavor critiques argue that it makes farmers more dependent on smaller number of crops Human Genome Project goal was to identify and map all of the genes in human DNA researchers recognized it raised many social ethical and legal issues like privacy stratification and stigmatization Global warming rising atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases resulting in a higher global average in temperatures Risk society society that both produces and is concerned with mitigating risks especially manufactured risks
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