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Week 12 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111

by: Samantha Fore

Week 12 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Sociology > SOCI 111 > Week 12 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 12 (chapter 13) of an introductory sociology course.
Introductory Sociology
Class Notes
SOCI 111, SOCI 101, Intro to sociology, sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 13­ Education  Education­ the process through which academic, social, and cultural ideas and tools are  developed  Problems regarding this system are­ functional illiteracy (ability to read or write well  enough to function in society) and innumeracy (having insufficient math skills to function in society)  Two main factors of schooling are to educate students and to socialize them.  Human capital­ the knowledge and skills that make an individual more producible and  bankable  Hidden curriculum­ schools transmit values, beliefs, and attitudes that are important to  society; serves to form a more cohesive society but has also been used to impose the  values of dominant culture on outsiders or minorities; nonacademic  Schools have been described like sorting machines that place students into programs and  groups according to their skills, interests, and talents; critics argue that it serves to  reproduce social inequalities.  1966 Coleman Report­ showed that two primary factors, family background and peers,  explained differences in achievement among schools, rather than differences in school  resources as been expected; since the 1980s, it has been shown that smaller class sizes  have a positive impact on student performance  Private school students perform better academically than their public school peers­ due to academic and behavioral differences.  Tracking­ dividing students into different classes according to ability or future plans; has  a number of negative effects and may be more beneficial for those who are already  privileged  Pygmalion effect­ self­fulfilling prophecy; the process that occurs when behavior is  modified to meet preexisting expectations  In 1910, 3% of men and women over age 25 had a college degree.  In 2004, 28% of men and women over 25 had a college degree.  Functionalists­ have argued that the rise in education rates in the U.S. over the past 100  years is a response to demands of the marketplace  Conflict theorists­ claim that the educational boom in the U.S. is due to the expansion of  the educational system and the view held by Americans that education is more of an elite  status  Credentialism­ over emphasis on credentials like college degrees; for signaling social  status and job qualifications; are more people meet qualifications­ employers upgrade in  order to weed out people  Affirmative action­ a set of policies that grant preferential treatment to a number of  particular subgroups within a population; has come under attack as constituting  preferential treatment taking opportunities away from more deserving students/candidates  Socioeconomic class, race, and ethnicity are very often intertwined and affect educational outcomes.  In addition to the advantage money can buy for a middle­class student, like students tend  to come from families with more cultural capital (greater parental involvement, more  informal educational opportunities outside of school, and more confidence in dealing  with school bureaucracies).  Resource dilution model­ hypothesis stating that parental resources are finite and that  each additional child gets smaller amount of them


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