Week 12 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 12 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 13 Education Education the process through which academic, social, and cultural ideas and tools are developed Problems regarding this system are functional illiteracy (ability to read or write well enough to function in society) and innumeracy (having insufficient math skills to function in society) Two main factors of schooling are to educate students and to socialize them. Human capital the knowledge and skills that make an individual more producible and bankable Hidden curriculum schools transmit values, beliefs, and attitudes that are important to society; serves to form a more cohesive society but has also been used to impose the values of dominant culture on outsiders or minorities; nonacademic Schools have been described like sorting machines that place students into programs and groups according to their skills, interests, and talents; critics argue that it serves to reproduce social inequalities. 1966 Coleman Report showed that two primary factors, family background and peers, explained differences in achievement among schools, rather than differences in school resources as been expected; since the 1980s, it has been shown that smaller class sizes have a positive impact on student performance Private school students perform better academically than their public school peers due to academic and behavioral differences. Tracking dividing students into different classes according to ability or future plans; has a number of negative effects and may be more beneficial for those who are already privileged Pygmalion effect selffulfilling prophecy; the process that occurs when behavior is modified to meet preexisting expectations In 1910, 3% of men and women over age 25 had a college degree. In 2004, 28% of men and women over 25 had a college degree. Functionalists have argued that the rise in education rates in the U.S. over the past 100 years is a response to demands of the marketplace Conflict theorists claim that the educational boom in the U.S. is due to the expansion of the educational system and the view held by Americans that education is more of an elite status Credentialism over emphasis on credentials like college degrees; for signaling social status and job qualifications; are more people meet qualifications employers upgrade in order to weed out people Affirmative action a set of policies that grant preferential treatment to a number of particular subgroups within a population; has come under attack as constituting preferential treatment taking opportunities away from more deserving students/candidates Socioeconomic class, race, and ethnicity are very often intertwined and affect educational outcomes. In addition to the advantage money can buy for a middleclass student, like students tend to come from families with more cultural capital (greater parental involvement, more informal educational opportunities outside of school, and more confidence in dealing with school bureaucracies). Resource dilution model hypothesis stating that parental resources are finite and that each additional child gets smaller amount of them
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