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Week 14 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111

by: Samantha Fore

Week 14 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Sociology > SOCI 111 > Week 14 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 14 (chapter 15) of an introductory sociology course.
Introductory Sociology
Class Notes
SOCI 111, SOCI 101, Intro to sociology, sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 15­ Authority and State  Authority is the justifiable right to exercise power.  Charismatic authority­ based on the personal appeal of one leader  Traditional authority­ based on appeals to the past or a long established way of doing  certain things  Legal­rational authority­ based on legal, impersonal rules that have been routinized and  rationalized  Bureaucracy­ legal­rational organization or mode of administration that governs with  reference to rules, roles, and emphasizes meritocracy  Max Weber­ power is the ability to carry put an individual’s will despite resistance and  domination is the probability that a command with specific content will be obeyed by a  group of people; differentiated between domination by economic power and domination  by authority; state is a human community that claims the monopoly of the legitimate use  of physical force within a territory   Coercion­ use of force to get others to do what you want; when someone used physical  coercion­ it loses all legitimate authority  Welfare state­ system where the state is responsible for the welfare of its people;  numerous theories about the origin of welfare state, including the logic of industrialism  thesis, neo­Marxist theory, and statist theories  T.H. Marshal identified 3 types of citizen rights­ civil rights (personal freedom without  state interference), political rights (rights to participate in politics, hold office, or vote),  and social rights (guarantee protection by the state)  Three dimensions of power­ Steven Lukes; first dimension has to do with outright  conflict that results in one side “winning”; second dimension deals with power that is so  imposing that is seems pointless to resist; third dimension deals with averting conflict  altogether by limiting people’s choices or influencing their preferences  Impossibility theorem­ Kenneth Arrow; shows how difficult it is for people to express  their true, first­choice desires when selecting between more than two alternatives; when  there are more than two choices, strategic voting comes into play  Hard power­ use of military or economic force to influence behavior  Soft power­ use of cultural or ideological means to influence behavior  Democracy­ system of government where the power lies with the people, who can vote  and participate in the political system  Dictatorship­ system of government where participation in politics is limited to only a  certain few  Thomas Hobbes­ believed that the state of nature is chaos and that people submit to  authority as means as survival  John Locke­ argues that people live in peace and equality in the state of nature, but that  they ultimately submit to authority for financial reasons  Barrington Moore­ the key factor for the development of a democratic government is a  strong business class that can stand up to the land­owing, noble class  Theory of collective action­ states that it is harder to organize larger groups than smaller  ones because less accountability exists in larger groups and individuals in larger groups  may find it easier to slack off and not do their part  In the U.S., power is shared between 3 branches of government as well as between the  federal government and many state governments  Political part­ organization that wants to gain power in a government, usually backed by a candidate  Interest group­ organization that seeks to gain power in a government and influence  policy without its representative seeking election  Political participation­ activity that has the intent or actual effect of influencing  government action  Civic volunteerism model­ focuses on individual level traits that affect how politically  active a person it  Politics­ power relations among people or other social actors  Routinization­ clear, rule­governed procedures used for decision making  Rationalization­ ever­expanding process of ordering or organizing  Specialization­ process of breaking up work into certain tasks  Taylorism­ methods of labor management introduced by Fredrick Winslow Taylor to  streamline the process of mass production in which one worker performs one certain task  Meritocracy­ society that assigns social status, power, and economic rewards on  achievement, not ascribed, attributes, or favoritism  International state system­ each state is recognized as territorially sovereign by fellow  states  Game theory­ study of strategic decisions made under conditions of uncertainity and  interdependence  Altruism­ action that benefits a group but does not directly benefit the individual  performing the action


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