Week 14 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 14 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 15 Authority and State Authority is the justifiable right to exercise power. Charismatic authority based on the personal appeal of one leader Traditional authority based on appeals to the past or a long established way of doing certain things Legalrational authority based on legal, impersonal rules that have been routinized and rationalized Bureaucracy legalrational organization or mode of administration that governs with reference to rules, roles, and emphasizes meritocracy Max Weber power is the ability to carry put an individual’s will despite resistance and domination is the probability that a command with specific content will be obeyed by a group of people; differentiated between domination by economic power and domination by authority; state is a human community that claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a territory Coercion use of force to get others to do what you want; when someone used physical coercion it loses all legitimate authority Welfare state system where the state is responsible for the welfare of its people; numerous theories about the origin of welfare state, including the logic of industrialism thesis, neoMarxist theory, and statist theories T.H. Marshal identified 3 types of citizen rights civil rights (personal freedom without state interference), political rights (rights to participate in politics, hold office, or vote), and social rights (guarantee protection by the state) Three dimensions of power Steven Lukes; first dimension has to do with outright conflict that results in one side “winning”; second dimension deals with power that is so imposing that is seems pointless to resist; third dimension deals with averting conflict altogether by limiting people’s choices or influencing their preferences Impossibility theorem Kenneth Arrow; shows how difficult it is for people to express their true, firstchoice desires when selecting between more than two alternatives; when there are more than two choices, strategic voting comes into play Hard power use of military or economic force to influence behavior Soft power use of cultural or ideological means to influence behavior Democracy system of government where the power lies with the people, who can vote and participate in the political system Dictatorship system of government where participation in politics is limited to only a certain few Thomas Hobbes believed that the state of nature is chaos and that people submit to authority as means as survival John Locke argues that people live in peace and equality in the state of nature, but that they ultimately submit to authority for financial reasons Barrington Moore the key factor for the development of a democratic government is a strong business class that can stand up to the landowing, noble class Theory of collective action states that it is harder to organize larger groups than smaller ones because less accountability exists in larger groups and individuals in larger groups may find it easier to slack off and not do their part In the U.S., power is shared between 3 branches of government as well as between the federal government and many state governments Political part organization that wants to gain power in a government, usually backed by a candidate Interest group organization that seeks to gain power in a government and influence policy without its representative seeking election Political participation activity that has the intent or actual effect of influencing government action Civic volunteerism model focuses on individual level traits that affect how politically active a person it Politics power relations among people or other social actors Routinization clear, rulegoverned procedures used for decision making Rationalization everexpanding process of ordering or organizing Specialization process of breaking up work into certain tasks Taylorism methods of labor management introduced by Fredrick Winslow Taylor to streamline the process of mass production in which one worker performs one certain task Meritocracy society that assigns social status, power, and economic rewards on achievement, not ascribed, attributes, or favoritism International state system each state is recognized as territorially sovereign by fellow states Game theory study of strategic decisions made under conditions of uncertainity and interdependence Altruism action that benefits a group but does not directly benefit the individual performing the action
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