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Week 15 Introduction of Sociology SOCI 111

by: Samantha Fore

Week 15 Introduction of Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Sociology > SOCI 111 > Week 15 Introduction of Sociology SOCI 111
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 15 (chapter 16) of an introductory sociology course.
Introductory Sociology
Class Notes
SOCI 111, SOCI 101, Intro to sociology, sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 16­ Religion  Religion­ system of beliefs and practices around sacred things, a set of shared stories that  guide belief and action; religious beliefs help share social behavior by setting  expectations and helping people distinguish between right and wrong  Theism­ worship of a god or gods  Ethicalism­ adherence to principles to lead a moral life  Animism­ belief that spirits roam the natural world  Secularism­ a movement away from religiosity and spiritual belief and toward a rational,  scientific belief set  Karl Marx­ conflict theory; argued religion was used to keep workers from questioning  their oppressed position in everyday life by promising them riches in the after life  Max Weber­ argued that Protestantism was a prerequisite for the development of  capitalism because it introduced the idea that a person fulfilled his duty to God through  hard work; making money was not frowned upon but spending it on personal enjoyment  was  Emile Durkheim­ argued that religions perform the social function of promoting  solidarity by strengenthing the collective conscience; felt that sacred symbols become  powerful because people collectively invest them with power through shared beliefs  Pluralism­ presence of numerous distinct religious groups in one society  Microsociologists­ look at religions in terms of its meaning and uses people’s daily lives  Mid­19  century was a time of rapid growth in the U.S. and development of formal,  national institutions did not always keep pace.  Churches played a role in the civil rights movement through coalition building,  fundraising, and communications.  Americans donate billions of dollars per year to religious organizations; huge market for  religious products.  Some critics argue that America’s religious pluralism has created a religious marketplace, where people shop for brand of faith that best suits them and churches feel the need to  compete for customers.  Megachurch­ typically conservative Protestant that has at least 2,000 people in the  congregation; stresses family values more than religious tradition and known for being  flexible and creative  Sect­church cycle­ sects usually start out by separating from an existing church because  of disagreements over the direction of the church; over time, sect developed a large  enough following, it may become its own church  Stricter religious organizations are likely to grow faster because members are likely to be  more committed and to buy more into the group’s mission.  Sacred canopy­ Peter Berger; the entire set of religious norms, symbols, and beliefs that  express the most important thing in life­ the feeling that life is worth living and that  reality is meaningful  Fundamentalists­ religious adherents who follow a scripture using literal interpretation  Reflexive spirituality­ contemporary religious movement that encourages followers to  look to religion for meaning, wisdom, and profound thought and feeling rather than  absolute truths


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