Week 15 Introduction of Sociology SOCI 111
Week 15 Introduction of Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 16 Religion Religion system of beliefs and practices around sacred things, a set of shared stories that guide belief and action; religious beliefs help share social behavior by setting expectations and helping people distinguish between right and wrong Theism worship of a god or gods Ethicalism adherence to principles to lead a moral life Animism belief that spirits roam the natural world Secularism a movement away from religiosity and spiritual belief and toward a rational, scientific belief set Karl Marx conflict theory; argued religion was used to keep workers from questioning their oppressed position in everyday life by promising them riches in the after life Max Weber argued that Protestantism was a prerequisite for the development of capitalism because it introduced the idea that a person fulfilled his duty to God through hard work; making money was not frowned upon but spending it on personal enjoyment was Emile Durkheim argued that religions perform the social function of promoting solidarity by strengenthing the collective conscience; felt that sacred symbols become powerful because people collectively invest them with power through shared beliefs Pluralism presence of numerous distinct religious groups in one society Microsociologists look at religions in terms of its meaning and uses people’s daily lives Mid19 century was a time of rapid growth in the U.S. and development of formal, national institutions did not always keep pace. Churches played a role in the civil rights movement through coalition building, fundraising, and communications. Americans donate billions of dollars per year to religious organizations; huge market for religious products. Some critics argue that America’s religious pluralism has created a religious marketplace, where people shop for brand of faith that best suits them and churches feel the need to compete for customers. Megachurch typically conservative Protestant that has at least 2,000 people in the congregation; stresses family values more than religious tradition and known for being flexible and creative Sectchurch cycle sects usually start out by separating from an existing church because of disagreements over the direction of the church; over time, sect developed a large enough following, it may become its own church Stricter religious organizations are likely to grow faster because members are likely to be more committed and to buy more into the group’s mission. Sacred canopy Peter Berger; the entire set of religious norms, symbols, and beliefs that express the most important thing in life the feeling that life is worth living and that reality is meaningful Fundamentalists religious adherents who follow a scripture using literal interpretation Reflexive spirituality contemporary religious movement that encourages followers to look to religion for meaning, wisdom, and profound thought and feeling rather than absolute truths