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Week 16 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111

by: Samantha Fore

Week 16 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111

Marketplace > Ivy Tech Community College > Sociology > SOCI 111 > Week 16 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Samantha Fore
Ivy Tech Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover week 16 (chapter 18) of an introductory sociology course.
Introductory Sociology
Class Notes
SOCI 111, SOCI 101, Intro to sociology, sociology, Introduction to Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.

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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 18­ Social Movements  Collective action­ collaborated effort that takes place in group and diverges from social  norms of every situation  Crowd collective action­ takes place when members of a group are face to face  Mass collective action­ close physical proximity is not necessary  Convergence theory in collective action­ takes place when people with similar ideas  gather in one place  Contagion theory in collective action­ takes place because of people’s tendency to  conform to the behaviors of others  Emergent norm theory­ emphasizes influence of leaders in promoting certain norms that  members of a group then follow  Static identity­ aspect of your identity, like race, that doesn’t change and that determines  at least one group you belong to  Dynamic identity­ aspect of your identity that is more fluid, like working for one  summer, and that is determined by a group you belong to  Social behavior­ collective behavior that is purposeful, institutionalized, organized, but  not ritualized   Alternative social movements­ want limited social change and focus on a narrow group  of people  Redemptive social movements­ focus on a narrow group of people but advocate for more  of a radical change  Reformative social movements­ want limited social change but seek to effect that change  across a whole society  Revolutionary social movements­ want to make radical change across a whole society  Classical model of social movements­ says that social movements happen as a collective  response to structural weakness in society that has a psychological effect on individuals  Resource­mobilization theory­ recognizes importance of political context and goals to the development of social movements but also emphasizes that social movements are  unlikely to emerge without necessary resources  Political process model­ says that a social movement’s chances of developing are  influenced by expanding political opportunities, indigenous organizational strength, and  shard cognitions among the movement’s proponents   Social movements evolve in 3 stages­ emergence (social problem being addressed is first  identified), coalescence (resources are mobilized and action is taken), and routinization  (formal structure develops to promote cause)  Social movement organization­ group developed to recruit new members and coordinate  participation in a particular social movement  Professional movement organization­ has full­time leadership and a large membership  base that play a small role in organization  Participatory movement organization­ directly involves its rank and file members in  decisions and activities to support the cause; two types: mass protest organization  (advocate for social change through protest and demonstration) and grassroots  organizations (work through existing political structures to promote social change)  Premodernity­ social organization characterized by concentric circles of social affiliation, low degree of division labor, undeveloped technology, and traditional norms  Modernity­ social organization characterized by rationality, bureaucratization, and  objectivity in which individuals are defined by group affiliations  Postmodernity­ sometimes a reaction against modernity; characterized by questioning of  the notions of progress and history; rejects the idea of a single narrative and embraces  multiculturalism, sees the individual as having multiple, conflicting identities  Social change can be caused by factors like technological innovation, new information,  and conflict between social actors.  Internet has become a place for radical social protest activities; primary achievement is  draw media attention to a certain issue or cause. 


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