Week 16 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111
Week 16 Introduction to Sociology SOCI 111 SOCI 111
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Monday December 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 111 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/28/15
Chapter 18 Social Movements Collective action collaborated effort that takes place in group and diverges from social norms of every situation Crowd collective action takes place when members of a group are face to face Mass collective action close physical proximity is not necessary Convergence theory in collective action takes place when people with similar ideas gather in one place Contagion theory in collective action takes place because of people’s tendency to conform to the behaviors of others Emergent norm theory emphasizes influence of leaders in promoting certain norms that members of a group then follow Static identity aspect of your identity, like race, that doesn’t change and that determines at least one group you belong to Dynamic identity aspect of your identity that is more fluid, like working for one summer, and that is determined by a group you belong to Social behavior collective behavior that is purposeful, institutionalized, organized, but not ritualized Alternative social movements want limited social change and focus on a narrow group of people Redemptive social movements focus on a narrow group of people but advocate for more of a radical change Reformative social movements want limited social change but seek to effect that change across a whole society Revolutionary social movements want to make radical change across a whole society Classical model of social movements says that social movements happen as a collective response to structural weakness in society that has a psychological effect on individuals Resourcemobilization theory recognizes importance of political context and goals to the development of social movements but also emphasizes that social movements are unlikely to emerge without necessary resources Political process model says that a social movement’s chances of developing are influenced by expanding political opportunities, indigenous organizational strength, and shard cognitions among the movement’s proponents Social movements evolve in 3 stages emergence (social problem being addressed is first identified), coalescence (resources are mobilized and action is taken), and routinization (formal structure develops to promote cause) Social movement organization group developed to recruit new members and coordinate participation in a particular social movement Professional movement organization has fulltime leadership and a large membership base that play a small role in organization Participatory movement organization directly involves its rank and file members in decisions and activities to support the cause; two types: mass protest organization (advocate for social change through protest and demonstration) and grassroots organizations (work through existing political structures to promote social change) Premodernity social organization characterized by concentric circles of social affiliation, low degree of division labor, undeveloped technology, and traditional norms Modernity social organization characterized by rationality, bureaucratization, and objectivity in which individuals are defined by group affiliations Postmodernity sometimes a reaction against modernity; characterized by questioning of the notions of progress and history; rejects the idea of a single narrative and embraces multiculturalism, sees the individual as having multiple, conflicting identities Social change can be caused by factors like technological innovation, new information, and conflict between social actors. Internet has become a place for radical social protest activities; primary achievement is draw media attention to a certain issue or cause.
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