Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes 10603
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexa_Nelson on Wednesday December 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 10603 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. Mitchell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Anatomical Kinesiology in PHIL-Philosophy at Texas Christian University.
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Date Created: 12/30/15
Anatomical Lecture Notes – Week 3 Active Transport KEY CONCEPT: Active transport is going against the gradient; needs the use of ATP Secondary Active Transport: o Different protein in use o Other protein uses the energy created by primary active transport o Both Na+ and glucose must be bound for the process to occur o Symport: transport happens in the same direction o Anti-port: transport happens in the opposite direction o Primary active transport has to happen before secondary in order to set up the gradient Endocytosis Involves a vesicle (capsule made of cell membrane material) “endo” – bringing things into the cell Phagocytosis o Solid particle Pinocytosis o Liquid material Exocytosis o Bringing things out of the cell Organelles Terms: o “a” – without o “reticulum” – network Nucleus, Ribosomes, Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus o ALL relate to protein synthesis Mitochondria o Energy production using ATP with oxygen Difference between the ER and the golgi is the presence of vesicles breaking off the golgi Protein Synthesis: o Protein Functions Membrane transport: facilitated diffusion, primary and secondary active transport Structure: micro and macro level ex. Reestablishing muscle Contractile: skeletal and smooth muscle Receptors: Chemical communication Hormones Enzymes: proteins catalyze reactions o Nucleus Regulates cell function by regulating protein synthesis o Ribosomes Site of amino acid sequencing (free ribosomes): strands which can be folded, twisted or globs (different forms for producing correct function) o Endoplasmic Reticulum Processing of amino acid sequence (bound ribosomes) Strands – primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary: increased levels of processing for increased function KEY CONCEPT: SHAPE o Golgi Apparatus Packaging center – vesicle formation o Mitochondria Two membranes (outer/inner) – 2 bilayers for increased surface area Folds = cristae Chapter 3 – Tissues
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