Week 3 PSYC 201 Lifespan Development
Week 3 PSYC 201 Lifespan Development PSYC 201
Ivy Tech Community College
Popular in Lifespan Human Development
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Thursday December 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 201 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in Psychlogy at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 12/31/15
Chapter 3 Dominantrecessive pattern pattern of inheritance in which a single dominant gene influences a person’s phenotype but two recessable genes are necessary to produce an associated trait Phenotype individual’s set of characteristics; such as personality Genotype genetic blueprint of each individual Polygenic inheritance pattern of inheritance in which many genes influence a trait Autosomal disorders caused by genes located on the autosomes (chromosomes other than sex chromosomes); PKU, sicklecell (red blood deformities; Western African/African American individuals are more likely to have), cystic fibrosis, albinism, Huntington’s; highblood pressure, and schizophrenia are some examples Sexlinked disorders caused by recessive genes; redgreen color blindness, hemophilia are some examples Cephalocaudal pattern growth that proceeds from the head downward; brain before reproduction Proximodorsal pattern growth that proceeds from the middle of the body outwards; ribcage before fingers Teratogens substances like viruses and drugs that can cause birth defects Ultrasonography produced by the echoes that result from bouncing sound waves of internal tissues Chorionic villus sampling cells are extracted from the placenta and used in a variety of lab tests during the early weeks of prenatal development Amniocentesis done within 1416 weeks of pregnancy; needle is used to extract amniotic fluid containing fetal cells; tested in variety of ways to diagnose chromosomal and genetic disorders Birth choices midwife (encouraged for uncomplicated pregnancies; certified nurse midwives), anesthesia (given latter in labor to block pain either totally or in certain areas), natural (Lamaze; women rely on psychological and behavioral methods of pain management rather than on drugs), Cesarean (delivery of an infant through incisions in the abdominal and uterine walls) Apgar scale baby receives a score of 0, 1, 2, and each of 5 criteria (heart, respiratory, muscle tone, stimulation of feet, and color) after about 5 minutes after birth; 8590% of babies score 910; score of 7=no danger; 3 or less=critical