HIST101H, Unit 1 Lecture 3 Notes
HIST101H, Unit 1 Lecture 3 Notes HIST102H
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breionna Real on Thursday December 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST102H at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Craig Saucier in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see WESTERN CIVILIZATION FROM 1500 FOR HONOR STUDENTS in History at Southeastern Louisiana University.
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Date Created: 12/31/15
Saucier Fall 2015 HIST101H Unit 1 Lecture 3 9.26.15 I. Why? The elements of civilization spread due to these three points: 1. “Exportable” – means the elements of civilization are easy to adapt 2. Trade – helps elements spread, tended to move along water routes (“The Fertile Crescent”) as this was a primary means of transportation. 3. Warfare – intensified over the years, migration of peoples into the Near East. Particularly of two language groups: A. Semites – Arabian, peoples from the north B. IndoEuropeans – peoples from the south, the Balkans II. Empires (Phase One) 1 600 B.C. – 1 200 B.C. Empires are defined as a state that extends power and control over territories and people different from the center (metropole). There are three empires that exist, more or less, at the same time. 1. Mitanni – dominated by a group called the Hurrians, trade was conducted using caravans 2. Egypt – The New Kingdom was very different from other times in their history, as they became very militaristic under Akhenaten. 3. Hittites – from modernday Turkey, then called Antolia. Significant for two reasons. A. Metallurgy – first to experiment, Antolia was rich in natural resources like silver, copper, bronze, and IRON; used for tools of war and agriculture B. Warlike – tremendously successful, utilized chariots driven by horses as opposed to oxen on spooked wheels III. “Small Kingdoms” 1 200 B.C. – 900 B.C. Without empires, a power vacuum was created. In the absence of a single dominant power to control others, it created instability where citystates could create their own small kingdoms. There are three of importance. 1. Philistines – A. Called “sea peoples” because they migrated from the west, possibly from Crete. So many came that they created the “Philistine Country” now called Palestine B. Important for their association with the Hebrews, who came to learn how to use iron weapons and later created their own kingdom 2. Phoenicians A. Created an alphabet of 22 characters, easier to learn and use than Cuneiform or Hieroglyphics. Later picked up by the Greeks who added vowels and then picked up by the Romans. B. Seatrade improved ship building, dominated principal trade routes, may have been the first to sail out of the Mediterranean, established colonies and trading posts, like Carthage. 3. Hebrews A. Created a religion that was revolutionary, called Judaism, new conception of “God” Monotheistic (“Yhwh”) Sovereign Transcendent Good and righteous B. First to develop an awareness of history, which they viewed as the unfolding of God’s plan. They believed it was necessary to document it in respect to their religion.
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