New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

History of Psychology

by: psychnstatstutor

History of Psychology PY1101

Marketplace > Psychlogy > PY1101 > History of Psychology

GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

The notes cover text book section readings as a summary, as well as links to additional study resources on the topic.
Exploring Psychology I
Marie Caltabiano
Class Notes
Psychology, exploring psychology, history of psychology
25 ?




Popular in Exploring Psychology I

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by psychnstatstutor on Saturday January 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY1101 at a university taught by Marie Caltabiano in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 53 views.


Reviews for History of Psychology


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/02/16
PSY1101: Exploring Psychology Chapter 1 SQ3R: Survey, question, read, retrieve, review The History of Psychology Summary Psychology as a Science. Psychologists are curious about human behaviour; how and why we do as we do, or don’t. The science is only 100 years old and developed through synthesis of science of philosophy. Ancient Greek philosophers were curious about human behaviours; Plato (nativist: behaviour is inherited); and Aristotle (empiricist: knowledge comes from experience). Renaissance Europe adopted and modified Greek philosophies: Descartes (nativist; dualist: mind and body are separate); and Locke (empiricist: we are born as blank slates and sensory experiences lead to complex ideas). In early 19 century Europe developments in medical technology and thus knowledge. For example, that nerves transmit sensory information to the brain, and the brain transmits information to move muscles in the body. Von Helmholtz demonstrated that transmission is not instantaneous, rather takes a small amount of time. Darwin introduced theories of adaption (natural selection and evolution) of animals, thus humans adapted to survive and reproduce. The late 19 century saw the first psychology lab and textbook created by Wundt (research assistant of Von Helmholtz). ‘Psychology’ as a word used two Greek terms to mean the study of the mind and soul; thus research focus was on internal processes of thought, emotion and sensation (subjective observation). Wundt used the introspection method (looking inward for answers). For 10 years scientists across the globe travelled to study and collaborate with Wundt. Ebbinghaus (student of Wundt) investigated memory using himself as the subject; Titchener and James (students of Wundt) co-wrote a wide-ranging more complete psychology textbook grounded in the introspection method. Returning to the United States, Hall founded the first psychology lab in the country, as well as the American Psychological Association (APA). Calkins (student of James) lead research in memory, dreams and personality; she was also the first female president of the APA. Freud (student of Wundt) as a neurologist focused on psychopathology and its relation to dreams and the unconscious; he developed a theory of personality and the first systematic method of psychotherapy (psychoanalysis). In the early 20 century a broad range of competing points of views existed., most calling into question the usefulness of the introspection method, as it could not be confirmed by others and was not able to be repeated (as time passes a person changes). Objectivists focused on observable behaviours that could be measured; Thorndike explored learning in animals; Washburn wrote her book on animal behaviours; Pavlov highlighted processes of classical conditioning in animals; and Watson built on Pavlov’s work to develop the science of Behaviourism: a psychology as a science of observable behaviour. Skinner expanded on Watson’s work, investigating processes of reinforcement and operant conditioning. However, in the mid-20 century re-interest in mental process arose again. Piaget studied cognitive changes across childhood and Chomsky delved into linguistics. Due to this revolution in cognitive focus, Psychology as a sciences broadened to become the study of behaviour and mental processes. Humanists such as Maslow and Rogers focused on human potential and capabilities. The 1960s-70s saw a massive shift of interest in social psychology; th social processes of group and cultural that influence the individual. Interestingly, late 20 century psychology re-engaged investigations of the foundations of psychology: physiology and evolutionary biology highlighted the importance of genetics and neuroscience. History of Psychology Revision Resources Psychology Timeline Interactive Activities   fPsych.htm Psychology Timeline Worksheets  %209e/PsychSim5_PDF_Worksheets/01_PsychTimeline.pdf  Psychology-Worksheet.pdf  y_1.2_-_Worksheet_1-2.pdf Psychology Timeline Flashcards  Other Summaries of the History of Psychology  %20the%20History%20of%20Psychology.ppt  y_1.2_(A)_-_A_Brief_History_of_Psychology.ppt


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.