CMM 100 October 2015
University of Hartford
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Lima on Sunday January 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CMM 100 at University of Hartford taught by Roger Desmond in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views.
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Date Created: 01/03/16
Public Speaking Ceremonial Presentation - introductions, celebration, commemoration • Formal or as casual as the occasion demands. • Learn history of the event, why it’s occurring. • Connect the past to the present. • Eulogies - speech of a friend or loved one that has passed. • The challenge is to keep emotions steady, provide words of comfort, and celebrate the life. informative Presentations - conveys new information and increases audience understanding • I am here today to tell you how to make a powerful speech - thesis statement, a good thesis statement. A thesis statement is important in speeches. • Facts and data, but not too many. No more than 3 should be in any short presentation, people just cant remember. • Organization is key, how do you assemble points? Persuasive Presentation - change, alter, or modify audiences attitudes, beliefs, values or outlook • Move an audience and change their attitudes, opinions and ultimately change their behavior. • Attitude, learned predisposition to respond to a feeling, really hard to change. • Behavior - ex. people my age don't get ﬂu shots and the kids who do don’t get the ﬂu, so try to convince people to get ﬂu shots. These aren't pure they usually blend Organizing the Presentation • Tell them what you’re going to tell them. • Body - tell them • Conclusion - tell them what you told them, summary that brings up the entire outline of the speech and something to remember the speech by. Four Main Components Of An Introduction • Attention getter, statistic, example, story, objects, rhetorical question, etc. Never begin by introducing yourself. • • Topic introduction - thesis statement, provides general purpose of the presentation. • Demonstration of importance - why should the audience care. • Preview - topic previews of main body points. Body • Main points and idea of presentation. • Most evidence and research used in body • Key part of organization - transition. • Phrases that connect what you just spoke about to what you speak about next. • Now that you have seen my past, let me discuss the present That was then here is now • • Important from getting from one topic to another, signals listener that change is coming. Conclusion • Restatement - tell them what you told them. Summarize the main points. Concluding device - never okay to just end abruptly. Tell statistics, quotation, examples, • rhetorical questions or refer back to the attention getter. • “I’m done” or “That’s all” is never an appropriate concluding device. Motivated Sequence • Attention step - get the audiences attention. • Need step - the reason you need this information is because it’s important for ____ • Satisfaction step - you satisfy a need. We see that you really need to know this information I think we’ve satisﬁed that need. • Visualization step - imagine what would happen if ___ took place. Getting them to visualize your idea. Action step - you can help me in this speciﬁc way. Can you help me? Getting people to donate • for a cause. Tips on Delivery • Scripted • Memorized • Impromtu • Extemporaneous • Why extemporaneous is best? Because it helps too…. Working from an outline, you’ll probably never give that same speech twice if you perform it again, but you have lots of ideas to build off of. Give you freedom to ad-lib, but it also has your ideas ready. Overcoming fear • The best way to overcome speech fright is to prepare! • The best way to prepare is to practice! • The best way to practice is with an outline! Tips • Eye contact - focus on 4 or 5 people. Look at them make eye contact with them in the course of a couple of minutes. • Gestures - they’re good if they’re ﬂowing and they go with what you’re saying. • Facial expression - open your mouth wide so it sounds good, etc. Power-point usage - know how to use a powerpoint correctly and efﬁciently. • story about falling off my bike at my 8th birthday party - introduce myself
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