Middle Eastern Civilization Week 3 Notes
Middle Eastern Civilization Week 3 Notes ASH 1044
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by clb13m on Monday January 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASH 1044 at Florida State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Middle Eastern History and Civilization in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/04/16
Celia Bonett Muhammad’s emigration to Yathrib from Mecca and formation of a community is justified because God required true believers to fight for Him, no matter the cost, and those oppressed needed to unite and defeat unbelievers. Similar to the treatment of the Israelites by the pharaohs, Muhammad and his followers were oppressed due to their beliefs (Cook, 51). During his mission, angels told Muhammad that the earth is large enough for emigration and to find new land (52). God will reward those who are treated unjustly and emigrate; however, if one does not emigrate, he is not seen as loyal to his faith (53). Because he was completely devoted to God, Muhammad had no choice but to leave Mecca. Before Muhammad’s hijra, he was told fighting is acceptable if one was wronged, and God would help him (Cook, 54). The Qur’an associates emigration and war (55). God wants war until “His cause prevails” (54). The best method of conquering others in the name of God is if the community is united and has a “sense of common purpose” (Hall, 72). For Muhammad to win, he needed to combine his tribe with common thinkers and form a strong community under his leadership. The Arabs and the Mongols demonstrate that unified tribes are capable of defeating imperials (72). The Constitution of Medina states “the security of God is one” and “neighborly protection” by the believers is required (Watt). This treaty between the Emigrants and the Ansar meant they are now one community and must protect one another from the unbelievers (Watt). The community holds the same beliefs and agrees that they must fight against the unbelievers. Muhammad unified the believers to overcome the hypocrites and unbelievers in the name of God. Due to this calling, Muhammad’s hijra and formation of Medina is justified.
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