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CIS 105 Chapt. 17 Notes

by: Brigette Maggio

CIS 105 Chapt. 17 Notes CIS 105

Brigette Maggio
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

These notes cover CIS 105 Chapt. 17.
Computer Appls&Info Technology
Wood, McCarthy
Class Notes
CIS 105
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brigette Maggio on Monday January 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CIS 105 at Arizona State University taught by Wood, McCarthy in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see Computer Appls&Info Technology in Computer Information Systems at Arizona State University.

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Date Created: 01/04/16
CIS 105 9/1/15 Tuesday­ McCarthy Chapters 1 & 7 ­Quiz next Thurs. on Chapters 1,7, & 15 ­all open­note exams and midterm ­Business Information Technology: ­study ­design ­implementation ­support ­management of a computer­based information system, particularly software and hardware *get passion out of your head in business* ­business information systems: ­people ­competency ­attitude ­critical thinking *­best practice* Why is Moore’s Law important in business computing? You are in charge of 1,000 sales  representatives and much choose a phone plan for all of them. iPhones? Google  phones? VOIP phones? (Get this wrong and you affect your business profoundly.)  ­leader: buy newest technology and get an edge *­follower: wait to see what works and loses an edge Business Computing Hardware Tangible and physical aspects of computing hardware.  •Mainframe­ size of a fridge •Midrange  •Microcomputer ­Laptops •Desktops •Handheld  System Software: Among other things, collection of system software that makes hardware  work. Collection of computer programs that accomplish a specific task. Operating Systems (Platforms)­Collection of computer programs that work together to  manage hardware and software and makes sure the computer is working correctly. •File Management  •Multitasking  •Memory Management •Disk Management *Common Business Operating Systems (Platforms)  •Microsoft Windows •Mac OS •Linux (free) •Unix  What nationality of people are the best Linux programmers?  ­Mexicans *Application Software* ­Performs particular tasks like creating budgets, resumes, or professional presentations. ­Chances of an application software not meeting an end user’s needs are remote.  ­doesn’t work without an operating system ­anything you open (photoshop) *Common Application Software: ­Email  ­Word Processor (Microsoft word was created in 1984) ­Spreadsheet ­Database  ­Presentation Software ­Project Management Software  Business Computing Software Concerned with four basic applications: spreadsheets,  word processors, database, and presentation software. Productivity Suites •Collection of business computer application programs of associated  functionality that share a common graphical user interface. •Also called “Software  Suites” or “Application Suites” •Allows smooth data exchange •Microsoft Office is the  most popular. What is the most important aspect of learning application software?  Attitude  *Sharing Data Between Software Suites*  •Cut & Paste •OLE •Linking •Embedding Business Application Software Word Processing Software •Create Documents •Compose  Documents •Edit Documents •Format Documents •Print Documents Is it ever necessary to print  a document? Does a document belong on a local hard drive or the Cloud? What’s the Cloud?  Business Application Software Spreadsheet Software •Electronic Grid of columns and rows  •Create Numerical and financial information •Model Numerical and financial information  •Manipulate Numerical and financial information Is a spreadsheet the most powerful and  important business application software? Spreadsheets model financial information and perform “what­if” analysis.   Business Application Software Database Software (DBMS) •Related files called tables •Consists of records (rows) •Consists of fields (columns) •Queried to produce populations of information Is a DBMS the most powerful and important business application software? A DBMS is always  networked Querying a database is by far the most powerful function a DBMS provides.  Business Application Software Presentation Software •Present Information in a slideshow  format •Usually displayed on screen •Presentation Software Editor •Insert and format text •Insert graphics •Insert video •Insert display elements Businesses rely on presentation software to  visually communicate and collaborate in tactical and strategic meetings. Business Application Software Specific Use Business Application Software •Browser Software  •Networks Which Browser Software is the best?  •Google Chrome •Microsoft Internet Explorer •Apple Safari •Mozilla Firefox none Chapter 7 ­Green Business Computing NASA predicts Earth’s surface temperature will increase by 2.5°to  10.4°Fahrenheit by the year 2100. The concern is that human societies and natural ecosystems may not adapt quickly enough.  ­Burning fossil fuels creates carbon dioxide (CO2 ) which builds up and slows the escape of  heat into space, called the “greenhouse effect”.  ­The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in charge of creating and maintaining  climate computer models that are used to predict weather admit they are flawed and unreliable. ­Kyoto Treaty­treaty that tried to get countries to reduce emmissions to 1991 levels ­It is virtually impossible to not come across terminologies like “green” or “climate change” in all  walks of life. Global warming problems, challenges, and potential sustainable solutions have  gained traction and must be dealt with.  *­Regardless of differing views, global warming has gained diffusion and acceptance as an  acknowledged problem that will drive business for many years to come.  ­Environmental responsibility and global governance is simply the right thing to do.  Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)  ­Started by the Environmental Protection Agency in 2006  ­Managed by the Green Electronics Council (GEC)  ­Easy­to­use online tool  ­Helps large institutions purchase, select, and compare computing products EPEAT computers seem like a lot of trouble to manufacture and very costly EPEAT Criteria EPEAT evaluates electronic products relative to 51 environmental criteria, 23  required and 28 optional. Computer manufacturers that meet a certain criteria are awarded a  gold, silver, or bronze star allowing the consumer to differentiate products Reduction or elimination of environmentally sensitive materials. Computers contain  potentially harmful chemicals like cadmium, mercury, and chromium. EPEAT encourages  manufacturers to reduce or eliminate them altogether.  Materials Selection informs the consumer of the percentage of recycled plastic and offers a  declaration of percentage of renewable/bio­based plastic material content. EPEAT Criteria  ­Design for End of Life­ informs consumers about special handling needs for disposing of their product when it no longer useful.  ­Product Longevity/Life Cycle Extension encourages manufacturers to make extended  warranties available so their product lasts longer or available to be upgraded.  ­End of Life Management asks manufacturers to take their product back at the end of the  product’s life, at no cost to the consumer.  ­Corporate Performance means a manufacturer demonstrates a sound corporate  environmental policy throughout their business ­Packaging criteria requires manufacturers to reduce or eliminate intentionally added toxins in  packaging.  ­Energy Conservation asks manufacturers to adopt the government’s Energy Star®  specifications. Energy Star® Specifications ­Started in 1992 as a voluntary labeling program to identify and promote energy efficient  products.  ­Energy Star® computers are far more expensive to purchase but are far more efficient and cost effective in the long run..  The Green PC  A personal computer that is environmentally friendly and includes the following: •Energy­efficient power supplies •Includes processors that consume minimum amounts of  electricity •Attempt to do away with or minimize environmentally harmful components •Makes  use of aluminum or plastic parts from recycled materials  The most important factor in a Green PC is energy efficiency Active Use: The computer is  on and being use Sleep Mode: Low power after a designated period of time Standby Mode  (Off): Turns off after designated period of time  Green Business Computing Plan­ Based on the idea that businesses can be environmentally  friendly,*more profitable,* and socially responsible.  *Green Business Plans must demonstrate clear economic benefits to become  sustainable corporate policies and procedures.


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