Intro to Philosophy: Phaedo.
Intro to Philosophy: Phaedo. 2003C
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allyanna - Notetaker on Monday January 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2003C at University of Arkansas taught by Jeremy Hyman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Arkansas.
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Date Created: 01/04/16
Phaedo 1. Socrates' Apology: Death and Wisdom (Phaedo 57a-57c) 57a-63c. 1. The Death of Socrates: His Students Report. A. The setting and characters. a. Day Socrates is put to death for corrupting the youth. b. 3000 B.C. c. Trial has been delayed due to holiday. d. People are visiting Socrates. 1. Zantipy, his wife. 2. Phaedo. e. We want the public to know what went on on the day of an execution. f. How did he behave? g. What did he talk about? h. How was he feeling? i. The most striking thing to Phaedo about Socrates was that he was chipper during the day of his execution, and Phaedo did not feel any pity for Socrates being executed that day. j. Other than Zantipy, everyone is in a pretty chill mood on the day of Socrates execution. B. The Discussion on the Last Day. a. Pain and pleasure. b. Socrates thinks that they are very closely related. (pain and pleasure) c. Moral psychology - Socrates is curious about the relationships between emotions. d. C. The 2 Preliminary Discussions: a. The Philosopher and Suicide. (61c-62c) 1. Everyone should just go ahead and commit suicide. 2. Socrates asked why people just did not go ahead and commit suicide. 3. He wants himself and others to get to the afterlife closer. 4. Upon death, soul will be free from prison and body - and then you will be with the gods. b. The Philosopher and Resentment. 1. Not resentful because I will join people who had previously died. 2. You can be rewarded for your good life on Earth. 3. Socrates has spent his entire life preparing for death. A. "Now I actually get a chance to get it!" 2. Socrates on Death and Wisdom. (63e-67c) A. Death. a. Being alive is a certain state and being dead is a certain state. Vice versa. 1. When you are alive, you are in a sort of state of a prison. b. Being dead is an important state. c. "The life of the philosopher as coming close to death." d. 64c-65b: do we believe in such a thing as death? A motto for death is, "separation, release, etc." e. Death as separation/ removal/ release of the soul from the body. 1. Dualism. 2. The soul can continue to exist whenever the body dies. 3. The body can exist without the soul. f. Philosophers, in life, release themselves from bodily pleasures. B. The Acquisition of Wisdom. a. Bodily senses deceive. b. In reasoning (cf. Meno 97a), the soul discovers something real. C. Introduction of the Theory of Forms. a. Just itself, beautiful itself, good itself: >Moral and Aesthetic form. (cf. Meno 72 c-d) b. Largenesses itself, health itself, strength itself. 1. Physical and Mathematical form. c. Apprehended by thought alone. d. The answer to a "What is X?" - Question. 3. next monday review. A. One thing form the most important part of the class. B. One of the questions for the test is on the sample test. C. You can bring a page of notes. D. Prepare mainly for the essay and not the multiple choice.
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