FHS 213, Week 1 and 2 Notes
FHS 213, Week 1 and 2 Notes FHS 213
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Cochrane on Tuesday January 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FHS 213 at University of Oregon taught by Alltucker K in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Issues Children & Family >2 in Child and Family Studies at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 01/05/16
The Ecological Model: theory that human development is shaped and inﬂuenced by the interaction of ecological “systems” (family/school/community) -most people have had positive inﬂuences in all three “systems” What is a “normal" family (according to society)? • educated • working, middle class • do things together • happy • eat around the dinner table • healthy • two parents • married, not divorced/separated, man and woman “normal” was used to describe dominant cultural perception What is a typical family? • blended family • racially mixed • single parents/divorced parents • both parents working (not stay-at-home parents) • extended families helping out (grandparents raising grandkids) What is a healthy family? • supportive • communication • loving • stable income • being open • trusting • working together • being involved • shared belief system 7 Characteristics of Healthy Families: • Communication: clear, respectful, lack of cynicism, problem solving • Love: without coercion, not contingent, unconditional, no favorites, expressed openly • Clear Roles: autonomy, independence • Appreciation: aﬀective responsiveness (appropriate emotions), involvement • Time Spent Together: nurturing, empathic involvement • Transcendent Values/Beliefs: deﬁne family as meaningful, signiﬁcant, spirituality • Ability to Cope: ability to deal with crises, provide basic needs Common issues that families face: • diﬀerent interests • ﬁnancial issues • diﬀerent schedules • health issues • diﬀerent religious views • personal space • parenting diﬀerences • divorced families & splitting time • adapt to step parents • drug & alcohol abuse • expectations • food issues • education • household work • death in family • screen time Every family has at least one strength, despite their weaknesses. Enmeshed vs Disengaged Parent/Child Relationships* • Enmeshed: Too much connection (one sided) ◦ Chaotic relationships ◦ Tightly interconnected ◦ Vague and unclear roles ◦ When one person becomes emotionally escalated, the other person does also • Disengaged: No connection ◦ Isolated and separated ◦ Personal boundaries are very rigid ◦ One person has no idea what the other person is feeling *neither of these are healthy Connected families strive for emotional closeness and involvement (with some individuality) Family Themes help to actualize shared values and collective identity. • Common Themes ◦ Play to win ◦ You can sleep when you die ◦ Hard work is the key to success ◦ We are survivors ◦ Respect your family ◦ No whining ◦ You can depend only on your family ◦ Physical activity ◦ Seize the moment ◦ Do unto others ◦ To whom much is given, much is expected Overparenting/Helicopter Parenting: • What is it? ◦ Hyper-involvement in children’s lives beyond bounds of healthy parenting. Enmeshed relationships. • Why is it a problem? ◦ Can refuse children’s self-eﬃcacy and increase the sense of self- entitlement. Correlated with increased depression, anxiety, and negative coping behaviors. Parental Involvement in Schools: (according to study of 25000 students) • Positive eﬀect (20%): these take place outside of school ◦ Talking about post-high school plans ◦ Reading to kids (early grades) • Negative eﬀect (30%): ◦ Punishment for bad grades ◦ Helping with homework Parent Addictions What things negatively aﬀect a family’s functioning? (risk factors) • Drugs • Work • Lack of transportation • Addictions (gambling, alcohol, work, sex, technology, eating disorders, etc.) • Health issues • Money • Inﬁdelity • Mental health issues • Health • Lack of positive role models • Violence within family • Discrimination/Racism • Negative parenting practices Family functioning “mediates” child outcomes. If family functioning is low, children are more likely to experience: • Abuse/Neglect • Foster care • Low attachment • Poor social skills • Low educational achievement • Substance abuse later in life • Poorer health Addiction by the numbers: • 22 million Americans age 12 years old and older suﬀer from dependence of drugs and/or alcohol (according to SAMHSA) • 1 in 5 adults said an immediate relative who was/is addicted to alcohol or drugs (according to Gallup Poll) • There could be between 22 million and 40 million people living with addiction in the U.S. • Treatment professionals estimate a person living with addiction has direct negative impact on 4 to 15 people Substance Abuse Continuum: 1. Abstinence: don’t use 2. Non-problem users: use responsibly, not everyday. can maintain relationships, jobs, school 3. Misuse: problems with relationships and the law (DUI) 4. Abuse: continues to use despite negative consequences 5. Dependence: physical and psychological dependence ◦ Abuse ≠ dependency When does addiction to alcohol start? • <14 — 16.4% • 15-17 — 9.4% • 18-20 — 4.9% • 21+ — 2.1% • Kids who start drinking before age 14 are 2x more likely to become alcoholics regardless of environment or genetics Disease of Young People: • A paradox: brain is still developing until age 25. The “stop” part develops last. • More evidence that early heavy alcohol/drug use changes brain permanently • No surprise: most people entering treatment today have been using for 20 years Binge Drinking: • Male: Five drinks in two hours at least once in 2 weeks • Female: Four drinks in two hours at least once in 2 weeks • % of college students across the nation who binge drink: 44% • % of college students who drink 10+ more times per month: 23% • % of college students who are intoxicated 3+ times per month: 29% • Of all alcohol consumed by students, % alcohol consumed by bingers: 91% • % of students who qualify for alcohol abuse diagnosis: 30% Binge Drinking and Violence: • 100,000 students/year report date rape or NSE • 50% were alcohol related • Risks for bingeing ◦ Frat or Sor ◦ Oﬀ-campus bar ◦ Oﬀ-campus party ◦ NSE • Risks for NSE's ◦ Recent binge drinking by women (7X the risk) How is alcohol related to NSE’s? • Change impulse control • Lowers fear of risk • Stereotype that women who drink are sexually available • Lowers ability to fend oﬀ assaults • Drink men misread social cues: friendliness = sexual interest • Research suggests that prior victimization related to binge drinking ◦ women tend to drink to hide emotions ◦ men tend to drink to ﬁt into a crowd • Men think women won’t remember (blackout) Alcohol Overdose/Poisoning • Signs and symptoms: ◦ Passed out, unconscious, or semiconscious ◦ Slow breathing (less than 8/min) or stopped breathing ◦ Cold, clammy, pale, or bluish skin ◦ Strong smell of alcohol ◦ Vomiting • What to do: ◦ Call 911 ◦ While waiting, gently turn person on side and prop with pillow, coat, anything (prevents choking to death on vomit) ◦ Stay with the person • In Oregon, law will provide limited amnesty for those under 21 who seek medical aid for themselves or others for drinking too much.
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