Geology & Geography ARH 300
Geology & Geography ARH 300 ARH 300
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Tuesday January 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 300 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Nicholas F. Hudson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Egyptian Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 01/05/16
Egyptian Art Geology & Geography of Egypt The following notes are taken form the presentation of Professor Hudson on January 13, 2016 Upper, Middle, and Lower Egypt: The Nile River Fertility o Reduced fertility due to lack of flooding o Increase in population growth as Egyptian build communities around the Nile. Cataract: a large emerging stone in a body of water o First cataract in Aswan (upper Egypt) Egypt is spilt into two divisions based on soil type “Black land” = fertile soil, Greenland “Red land” = desert, sands Resources of Egypt: Food o Wheat: commonly depicted in funerary art Beer Bread: Egyptian were known as ‘bread eaters’ Use of bread bowls to bake yeast Popular in diet as bread takes a long time to digest, keeping them full o Meat: Water buffalo, cattle Sheep and goats Wild fowl o Fish Residing in the Nile river Beyond the Valley: The Red Lands Metals/Minerals o Minerals of the desert: Calcite (alabaster) Turquoise Malachite Porphyry Greywacke Gneiss, dolerite Where is the data set from? Tombs: Mummification: preserving of the body for the afterlife o Natron: naturally occurring “super salt” grabbing onto any moisture and soaking it in Used to suck moisture out of human body in the process of mummification. “Robs the body of its juices” o Canopic jars: vessels for vital organs Brain thrown away after extracted from nose by an embalmer. o The brain was thought of as not useful in the afterlife; seen as fatty structure that protected the head. Followed by the natron process Stomach, intensities, liver, lungs all kept, wrapped in linens, and places in four canopic jars. Four jars: depict the four children of Egyptian God, Horus o Heart is then placed back in the chest cavity along with incents for the smell. o Canopic jars placed in a box and then placed next to the body. o Body wrapped in linen and decorated with amulets of the sons of Horus and scarabs with inscriptions from the Book of the Dead. o Scarab: An Egyptian beetle The Book of the Dead: funerary text for what the afterlife holds o In this text, the heart is seen as the organ of internal memory and thinking, not the brain o On a scale, the heart is measured against the feather of truth by Anubis Anubis: Egyptian God with the head of a jackal Foresees if life was lived well and true with righteousness. Gives Egyptians reason to live a good life in the mortal world. o Ba: a human headed bird, represents the spirit o Ka: human form, represents the soul o Thoth, Isis headed God, records the results of the weighing o Ammit, “Devourer of the Dead”, eats Ka and Ba if one has lived a wronging life, meaning they will never reach the afterlife. o Incantations fill the Book of the Dead Incantations: prayers to Anubis to work in the favor of the mortal at hand o Shabit figures: servants of the afterlife that serves as magical and soulless beings. Carry out task of the deceased in the underworld.