Set Three Psy 271
Popular in Psychology of Human Diversity
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Tuesday January 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 271 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Jackson in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Human Diversity in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 01/05/16
Set Three: Principles of Psychology and Psychological Procedures Katie Albritton Study Soup Situations Interact with Personality Our brain is responsible for putting together perceptions that allow for problem solving and adaptation as well as give us a sense of who we are as human beings. The specific situations in which we find ourselves interact with our personalities to determine behavior. These situations involve the physical environment and the normative influence of other people. Our personalities are our predispositions to behave in certain ways in a variety of situations. Personality is usually described in terms of a profile of traits, values, expectations, and abilities. Survival and Adaptation of Humans People are born “premature” because of their large head size. Humans require care for many years, and relatively large social groups are needed for normal development. While people can adapt in many ways, they cannot easily live alone. Mutual support offsets relative lack of strength and ability to survive without shelter. Core Social Motives Belonging: Group membership and identity. Understanding: Sharing meaning and prediction. Controlling: Perceived congruency between behavior and outcome Trusting: Others seen as basically benign Selfenhancement: Seeing the self as worthy or basically improvable Social Neuroscience Neuroimaging, neuropsychological testing, hormones and behavior, animal studies on behavior Psychology has always been concerned with the neurological basis of behavior. Language, Culture, and Human Survival Because of their biology, humans adapt and survive in relatively large social groups. Language, used primarily by humans, gives the necessary flexibility to communicate complex ideas to large groups and to transmit new ways of problem solving to groups and to the next generation. It allows for the “ratchet effect” to occur.
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