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by: Alexis Darling

Sample CHEM 113

Alexis Darling
GPA 4.0

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To test the uploading of documents
General Chemistry II
Ingrid Marie Laughman
Class Notes
High school work
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"So much better than office hours. Needed something I could understand, and I got it. Will be turning back to StudySoup in the future"
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Darling on Tuesday January 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 113 at Colorado State University taught by Ingrid Marie Laughman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.


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Date Created: 01/05/16
Alexis Darling Boswell English 12A 12/24/14 Civil Rights Movement Essay Home, property, respect, and liberty, all taken away in an instant. This destruction  occurred often during the rage of the Civil Rights Movement. After years of being discriminated  against, even beaten into slavery, African Americans fought in this crusade to gain greater  equality. Despite blacks being allowed several rights through different acts, they had to continue  the push with protests and powerful words because of the prevailing hatred in many of the  white’s hearts. Many protests, especially by Martin Luther King Junior, remained nonviolent  even through much violence from whites. Boycotts, marches, speeches, and sit­ins drew up  tension and huge disturbances in many areas. In others, organizations such as the Black Panthers  with leaders such as the strong Malcom X took to violence themselves to fight the injustice.  Additional modes of pushing for African American rights included writing, theater, painting, and music ( Even whites took to these arts to have a voice in the movement. Pete  Seeger proved such a voice against discrimination through his controversial songs.  Pete was born to Charles and Constance Seeger in Patterson, New York in 1919. Charles  Seeger raised him with strong beliefs in pacifism, so strong that Charles quit teaching music at  University of California at Berkeley because of his resulting enemies. Pete Seeger similarly spent time at a highly ranked school, leaving Harvard after two years before his finals in the spring of  1938. He ventured to New York where he worked for the Archives of American Folk Music and  searched for legendary folk­song writers. By 1940 he himself had become a well­known  musician, and in March he met with Woody Guthrie with whom he formed the Almanac Singers. In 1942, Seeger was drafted into World War II, but while on leave married Toshi Ohta who  would assist in Seeger’s career. Also in 1948, Seeger toured the south with Progressive Party  presidential candidate Henry Wallace. At the sight of the depression of the races in the south,  Seeger was propelled to continue his fight for justice. His strong position led to the attack of his  car in 1949 in which his wife and son were injured by the shattering glass. He later formed The  Weavers with Lee Hays, Fred Hellerman, and Ronnie Gilbert, a band which gained great  popularity and hatred. Seeger was subpoenaed by the House of Un­American Activities  Committee in 1955 where he uniquely refused the Fifth Amendment. The next year Congress  indicted him for contempt and he was jailed for one year with ten charges. Despite his unfair  persecution, or even fueled by it, Seeger forced his views out for America, some receiving him  positively and others contemptuously (Taskin, Richard). Throughout his life, Pete Seeger played a great role in breaking the harsh attitudes  towards African Americans. With the Almanac Singers, he recorded labor songs and pacifist  tunes, and with the involvement of the United States in World War II the Almanacs gained great  popularity. The political radicalism of the group drew critics with controversial lyrics on  immigrants and African American equality. As a singer protestor, Seeger received maltreatment  from those who believed contrary to his stance. From the riot in the Peekskill, New York he co­ wrote with Lee Hay “If I Had a Hammer,” which spread an optimistic prophecy of what could  happen with social change (Taskin, Richard). He created the People’s Songs collective in 1945,  compiling The People’s Son Book, which presented “protest songs from around the world,”  sponsored some powerful concerts, and created chapters in many cities to fight for civil rights  (Dreier, Peter). Unfortunately, it could not stand longer than three years, but he soon moved onto The Weavers, who proclaimed rousing expectations and influenced the thinking of many  Americans through their seeping words. Because of The Weaver’s controversial topics, they  were blacklisted, Red­baited, and many times had to make last minute cancelations for  performances (Taskin, Richard). In 1948 while traveling with Wallace, Seeger distributed song  sheets so that he could lead sing­alongs (Dreier, Peter). By himself, Pete Seeger worked so  powerfully that he was blacklisted and kept from appearing on ABC’s weekly television show,  Hootenanny. But his aggressors could not put him out as he put out the song “We Shall  Overcome,” which boomed into America (Taskin, Richard). His song resounded so greatly that it became “an anthem of the crusade for equality in  America” (Taskin, Richard). The sing­along lyrics gave hope and motivation to many, as they  marched, held peaceful protests, or rallied. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote Seeger a personal letter  to thank him for the moral support that he provided through his songs. His sight released  optimism into many hearts, encouraging them to push on toward a futuristic goal. Because of  Seeger’s work, a grand collection of folk songs still stands as a strong gathering of hope. Seeger  revived folk music towards the purpose of the Civil Rights Movement (Dreier, Peter). Today, the nation still regards Pete Seeger as one of the powers that conquered “the shame  of… racism” and rebuilt folk music in American pop culture (Ward, Brian). He proved how  powerfully music can influence huge parts of societies and wage a war against important issues.  Ultimately African Americans gained civil rights with the support of his words and reflective  style. He created songs that people currently look back on to remember the efforts that won  greater equality.  Works Cited Dreier, Peter. “Pete Seeger Brought the World Together.” 28 Jan. 2014. Web. 2 Jan 2015, <­seeger­brought­world­ together#>. Staff. “Civil Rights Movement.”, 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2014. <­history/civil­rights­movement>. Library of Congress. “We Shall Overcome.” Library of Congress, What. Web. 24 Dec.  2014. <>. Taskin, Richard. “Life and Times of Pete Seeger.” Pete Seeger Appreciation Page. Biography,  December 1995. Web. 20 Dec. 2014. <>. Ward, Brian. ““People Get Ready”: Music and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and  1960s.” The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. n.d  Web. 3 Jan. 2015. <­by­era/civil­rights­ movement/essays/%E2%80%9Cpeople­get­ready%E2%80%9D­music­and­civil­rights­ movement­1950s>.


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