Grind for Week 7
Grind for Week 7 CJ 4044
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alison Notetaker on Wednesday January 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 4044 at University of Colorado Colorado Springs taught by R. Radabaugh in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Courts and Judicial Process in Criminal Justice at University of Colorado Colorado Springs.
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Date Created: 01/06/16
Alison Jimenez Fall 2015 Grind: Chapter 6 Individual and Group In most studies dealing with sociology and psychology, you will be analyzing individuals. In an order of events, the researcher could: collect data from the individuals, analyze the data, then report on whatever the research topic may be. For an example, the researcher could report on salary equality and whether or not individuals felt that gender was at the center of the wage differences. For some research topics, however, the researcher could choose to focus on groups instead. The researcher could study groups on a small or large scale depending on what they were trying to investigate. For small groups, you could collect data from a family or small church group. If you wanted to analyze the data from a larger group, you could analyze the people within a county, state or even a country. So, for an example, you could collect data from individuals within a county or state (or even a country!), to determine the number of people who had more Democratic leanings within that given area. Okay, so a country might be a little ambitious, but do you see where I’m going with this? In certain studies, groups are the center of your analysis, but the data is comprised from the individuals. I’ll give you another example so this makes a little more sense. In 1997, Robert Sampson, Stephen Raudenbush and Felton Earls wanted to analyze the influences on violent crimes in Chicago neighborhoods. Together, they made the assumption that efficacy would influence the crime rates. Do you recognize the term collective Alison Jimenez Fall 2015 Grind: Chapter 6 efficacy? Well, in case you don’t, it is defined as a characteristic of a neighborhood. The characteristic in this case was the likeliness of residents assisting other residents and the trust between them. In order to determine this, this had to analyze the responses from individuals. All of those responses were averaged to give a group representation of the neighborhood, otherwise known as collective efficacy. In a study such as the one previously mentioned, you can distinguish the concept of individual units of analysis from the units of observation. Units of observation are defined as “the cases about which measures actually are obtained in a sample”. The important thing to keep in mind is being able to recognize what the units of observation actually are, the level of analysis and then to evaluate whether or not the conclusions properly correlate.
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