Week 6 PSYC 201 Lifespan Development
Week 6 PSYC 201 Lifespan Development PSYC 201
Ivy Tech Community College
Popular in Lifespan Human Development
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Wednesday January 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 201 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in Psychlogy at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 01/06/16
Chapter 7 Lateralization process through which brain functions are divided between the 2 hemispheres of the cerebral cortex Child abuse psychical or psychological injury that results from an adult’s intentional exposure of a child to potentially harmful physical stimuli, sexual acts, or neglect. Neglect the failure of caregivers to provide emotional and physical support of a child Risk factors of child abuse and neglect are sociocultural factors, characteristics of the child, characteristics of the abuser, and family stresses Constructive play by age 2 or so, kids use objects to build things First pretend play Piaget believed this was used has an indicator of a kid’s capacity to use symbols; pretending to drink from a toy cup Substitute pretend play between 23, children begin to use objects to stand for something altogether different Sociodramatic play preschool years; children engage in mutual pretense; being a doctor; taking on roles Rulegoverned play age 5 or 6, children prefer rulegoverned pretending and formal games Preoperational stage Piaget’s 2 stage of cognitive development, during which children become proficient in the use of symbols in thinking and communicating but still have to think logically Egocentrism young child’s belief that everyone sees and experiences the world the way they do Centration lack of logic; young child’s tendency to think of the world in terms of one variable at a time Conservation logical thinking; understanding that matter can arrange in appearance without changing quantity Theory of mind a set of ideas constructed by a child or adult to explain other people’s ideas, beliefs, desires, and behavior False belief principle understanding that enables a child to look at a situation from another pov and determine what kind of info will cause that person to have a false belief Vygotsky’s private speech stage once the child begins to appreciate the symbolic function of language, end of 3, he enters this stage; uses language as a guide to solving problems Overregularization attachment of regular inflections to irregular words, like the substitution of “goed” for “went” Grammar explosion period during when the grammatical features of kid’s speech become more similar to adult speech Phonological awareness children’s understanding of the sound patterns of the language they are acquiring Invented spelling a strategy young children with good phonological awareness skills use when they write IQ (Intelligence Quotient) Scores ratios of mental age to chronological age; only measures academicwise Reaction range range, established by one’s genes, between upper and lower boundaries for traits like intelligence; one’s environment determines where, within those limits one will bew
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