Week 8 PSYC 201 Lifespan Development
Week 8 PSYC 201 Lifespan Development PSYC 201
Ivy Tech Community College
Popular in Lifespan Human Development
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Fore on Wednesday January 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 201 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in Psychlogy at Ivy Tech Community College.
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Date Created: 01/06/16
Chapter 9 and 10 Childhood obesity 19631965= 4.2% were obese in U.S.; 20072008= 19.6% were obese in U.S.; what contributes? Fast food, lack of exercise, indulging? Piaget’s concrete operational stage by ages 612, children construct schemes that enable them to think logically about objects and events Reversibility understanding that both physical actions and mental operations can be reversed Inductive logic type of reasoning in which general principle are inferred from specific experiences Deductive logic type of reasoning based on hypothetical premises, that requires predicting a specific outcome from a general principle Automaticity ability to recall info from longterm memory without using short term memory capacity Systemic and explicit phonics planned, specific instruction in soundletter correspondences Guided reading teaches work with small groups of children on reading book that are challenging Problems with IQ Tests do no measure all the factors of a child’s functioning that are relevant; based in a way that some groups are more likely to score higher or lower; culturally biased; selffulfilling prophecy Emotional intelligence most theories assert that it has several components, including awareness of one’s own emotions, ability to express appropriately, and capacity to channel emotions into the pursuit of goals Analytical style tendency to focus on the details of a task Relational style tendency to ignore the details of a task in order to focus on the “big picture” Dyslexia problems in reading or inability to read Inclusive education general term for education programs in which children with disabilities are taught in regular classrooms ADHD mental disorder that causes children to have difficulty attending to and completing task Learning disabilities autism, learning problems, speaking problems, physical problems Industry vs. inferiority children develop a sense of their own competence through the achievement of culturally defined learning goals Reciprocal determination Bandura’s model in which personal, behavioral, and environmental factors interact to influence personality development Selfefficacy belief in one’s capacity to cause an intended event to occur or to perform a task Social comparisons process of drawing conclusions about the self, based on comparisons to others Psychological descriptions goes from physical descriptions to abstract from ages 68; Moral realism stage first of Piaget’s stages of moral development, in which children believe rules are flexible Moral relativism stage second of Piaget’s stages of moral development; children understand that many rules can be changed through social agreement Friendships appearance of the “bestfriend” comes into play in middle childhood; segregate and stay with their same gander; boys= rough; girls=disclose secrets, supportive Relational aggression aimed at damaging another person’s selfesteem or peer relationships, such as by ostracism or threats of ostracism; cruel gossiping, or facial expressions of disdain Popular attractive and physically larger kids tend to be popular; behave positively, supportive, nonpunitive, and nonaggressive Rejected withdrawn realize that they are disliked; aggressive, disruptive, bossy, uncooperative, believe they are liked Neglected less stable over time than rejected; sometimes more to popular category when they become part of a new group; prone to depressions and loneliness Effects of poverty chaotic environments, highly stressed, fewer psychological and social resources; parents talk to kids less, provide fewer ageappropriate toys, explain things less, and more stricter and physical in discipline; more ill; lower average IQ; more behavior problems
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