Practice set of notes
Practice set of notes MATH 1042-009
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Heilman on Thursday January 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MATH 1042-009 at Temple University taught by Elena Vishik in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Calculus II in Mathematics (M) at Temple University.
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Date Created: 01/07/16
Psychoanalysis Darwin’s Origin of Species; 1859 Eugenics Positive; encouraging breeding of “genetically advantage Negative: lowering fertility of the “genetically disadvantaged” Sexology’s beginnings Richard von Krafft-Ebing ; Psychopathia Sexualis Purpose of sex: Procreation Anything outside of procreation for sex was seen as a perversion. A “field of Use a scientific approach to: phenomena” a.)Treat these issues Normal sexuality professionally rather than “Inversion” (homosexuality) simply with moral indignation Replacing vulva with mouth } or anus b.)Explain all of these phenomena with a universal developmental Fetishists Sadists(inflicting pain) Masochists(receiving pain) Dreams ; The unconscious Freud believed that dreams are really unfulfilled visions of what we desire The Unconscious Part of the psyche that we cannot access ourselves Exist due to repression, forgetting Manifestations: Dreams Neuroses Freud: Can access the unconscious through psychoanalysis Knowing the sexuality: the case study Used psychoanalysis to get to know individuals Looked at their relations with their family, dreams etc. Perversio Normal adulthood Developmental stages n, neurosis Genital Laten Infant Phalliccy “polymorph ous Anal perversity” Oral Repressio Oral: The child not only uses breast feeding at a source of nourishment but also “pleasure” Anal: The child looks at its bowel movements as a gift, due to society not wanting this “gift” the child finds its self with its personal pleasure vs. society Phallic: sex differentiation, “penis envy” Latency: repression for the desire of the parent of opposite sex Genital: Both sexes come to the conclusion that they will not be with their parents; they substitute with other people of opposite sex with similar characteristics. Perversions: Alternate objects Inversion Sexually immature children Neuroses Fixations: Oral(chewing on things, sadism) Anal(excessive organization, cleaning, sadism) Phallic(seeking love interest like parent) Latent(no sexual desire) Genital(excessive sexual desire, unfulfillment) Pathologies Hysteria (includes inversion) Extreme narcissism (libido out of control Obse Normal Adulthood Achieved through repression, but things left in each person’s idiosynacratic unconscious Perversions exist, but not exclusive Neuroses common Pote Freud believed that the clitoris was not meant to be used for pleasure and if it was you were stuck in a certain stage Significance of Freud for Sociolgy of Sexuality Sexual development has a social dimension , in addition to biological drives Decoupling of sexuality and reproduction: sexual Additional Notes Psychoanalysis imputes meaning onto subjects from and authoritative stance. We are blind to ourselves and require the analyst to make meaning for us Freud takes the elite Viennese family experiences of his clients and universalizes their family personalities to all people as individuals The theory is non-falsifiable. If we protest, we are simply in denial. Object Relations Theory Nancy Chodorow, The Reproduction of Mothering (1978) Biological explanations include logical leaps and insufficient evidence Socialization explanations fail to take into account Rejects biologically predetermined timed stages- erotogenic zones emerge interactively and are unique for each person Objects: ”people, aspects of people, or symbols of people that people internalize in relation to themselves when they feel ambivalent or out of control” ex.) A child if cuddled by a mother will still remain the feeling of safety when sleeping alone in the crib The Reproduction of Mothering Women are primary caregivers that most infants encounter Boys must differentiate themselves from internalized object of mothering , the “not me”. Masculinity is a negation Girls identify with the primary caregiver Sets up gender as a social structure Solution for social change: Men need to share equally in nurturing of children, redefine mothering/fathering Homosocial bonding “homosocial” A social preference for one’s own sex Studies of male homosocial cultures: homoerotic, but include policing of homosexuality The Homosocial Triangle Man Man Woman The woman is used as a “coverup” for their homoerotic desires for one another
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