StudySoupSoc204Week1.pdf soc 204
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Noah Notetaker on Thursday January 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soc 204 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. C.J. Pascoe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Intro Sociology in Sociology at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 01/07/16
NOTES: Soc 204 Week 1 Serial Killers: - Jot down a few answers: why do serial killers kill? -Fame, to fill a void, power, control, etc. (These are all common sense theories of serial killers) -Most of these are informed by psychology – they have to do with the individual, and individual experience -Sociologists have a different perspective on deviant behavior – behavior that breaks the norm. Émile Durkheim interested in suicide. Why do people commit suicide? - Suicide as an internal state – depressed, hopeless, a psychological disorder. -Durkheim study of suicide shows it isn’t only about individual psychology, but is also based in the social order. By looking at a particular social order we can tell you why people are committing suicide. Durkheim created four types of suicide: - Egoistic -Individual doesn’t have a sense of belonging to a society. Single people commit suicide at higher rates than married people do. - Altruistic -The opposite of Egoistic. When a group’s goals overwhelm an individuals. When societies are too well integrated. Individuals themselves aren’t considered important.An example of this is soldiers. The unit is more important than the individual. - Anomic -This happens in time of dramatic social upheaval. Such as in times following disasters, or when society goes through rapid changes in values and norms. We see the suicide rates rise during these times. When people are unclear about what the rules are. - Fatalistic -This happens in a society whose norms are too clear.Asociety is too regulated, too rule bound, and there is no individual movement available/or allowed for a society. Total institutions i.e. prisons. What does this have to do with serial killers? -The roots of serial killing are in the social order. Someone could have the psychological make up to be a serial killer or be psychological predisposed to be a serial killer. They would not engage in the act of serial killing unless they are in the society which allows it. -Urban Setting. Lots of people living alone, high rate of unmarried people, high rates of unemployment. This is where serial killing happens, in this particular social order that tends to give rise to serial killers. -If you look at where serial killers live as children a large proportion of serial killers are raised in subcultures that are violent. They see violence as a solution.A high amount of them are raised in the South, or a culture where violence and/or guns are seen as a solution to cultural/social problems. We suggest that things that feel like individual behaviors, are not. - Looking at marriage and inequality in 24 high-income countries -Aline tracks a relationship between income inequality and marriage. Something about a way that a society works that supports, or does not support, marriage in a particular way. Marriage is not an individual choice, but is influenced by the society and economics of that society in which you live -Looking at married women in all 50 states. -Percent of women who are married is decreasing in all 50 states. Currently we do not have an answer for why but there are many theories. -Looking at birth rate per 1,000 women -The recession had a strange effect on baby making. The rate increased up until about 2007, and then dropped significantly. -Looking at divorce rates per 1,000 married people -Common sense tells us that you get divorced when you get economically insecure. Maybe surprisingly during the recession, the divorce rate levels out. This is due to the fact that getting a divorce is expensive. -Did the recession increase intimate partner violence? -Mens unemployment spikes during the recession and we see that intimate partner violence spikes as well. This happens right before unemployment spike - We can see that these societal changes affect our most intimate individual decisions. This is called using our ‘sociological imagination’ - Sociological imagination is a term coined by C. Wright Mills. “the sociological imagination enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society. To recognize this task and this promise is the mark of this classic social analyst.” What is the relationship between public issues, and private troubles? -This is difficult, because we areAmericans. What is one of the main messages we get as kids growing up inAmerica? -If you work hard, you will succeed.And if you work hard and don’t succeed, you aren’t working hard enough. Your lack of success is your failure. -Americans stand out with our very strong sense of individualism. We have this idea that all forces are within our control. You have to work hard to get ahead in life. “Stranging the familiar:” - We just took lots of things we are familiar with, and looked at them in a new way. -What sort of knowledge didn’t Buddy the Elf have? -What was new/strange to him? You have to have a level of knowledge about a society to understand the things that confuse Buddy -Nacimera & Tarfs (Reading) -This is what Miner does when he talks about the Nacimera – but he is talking about us. He turns the language on ourselves -Kimmel also does this with the Tarfs, he looks at culture that we live – college, f rat, party culture and denormalizes it. What are the social norms? In ClassActivity: What are 5 things that Miner and Kimmel strange? -Football – man against man, we will dominate you and your ball, with padding that accentuates our shoulders, leggings that accentuates lots of things, and our genitals are going to be right next to each other. This is seen as the height of masculinity. -Gilbert’s study of the Sombian people: the act of masculinity, of becoming a man, seems gay to us. We easily see the homoerotic nature of that manhood nature. But it is hard for us to see the homoerotic nature of our own rituals, because we haven’t “stranged" it. -Pledging in a fraternity. This seems very homoerotic when you look at it in a different light. -Jane Ward author of “Not Gay”. This book documents the ways men ` interact in the United States and in many ways seem homoerotic, but we consistently fail to see these “rituals” as homoerotic. We have already put the label of masculine on them. Sociological Imagination Continued. - Remember term coined by C. Wright Mills - How does Miranda’s explanation of fashion exemplify the sociological imagination? -Anne Hathaway doesn’t happen to pick out a blue sweater. In reality the fashion industry determines it for her -It can be hard to see how our personal decisions are affected by societal structure. -Example: Women with advanced degrees, very less likely to get divorced. But when you are in the middle of a divorce, you don’t think about this . You don’t think its happening because you didn’t get a high school degree. -Example: grades can vary by attractiveness, but only for women. If you control f or academic aptitude, what you find is that college age men’s grades do not vary based on attractiveness. For women, for every 1 step up in attractiveness = .024 increase in a grade. They applied this to an online class and there was no grade increase.
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