Week 1 - Tuesday
Week 1 - Tuesday Psy 201
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison Notetaker on Friday January 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 201 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Freberg in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 01/08/16
Week 1 – Tuesday History and Methods *Gottman – relationship advice novelty (difference) is attractive psyche = “mind” logos = “the study of” psychology = the study of the mind contemporary definition = the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Where did psychology come from? questions of the philosophers o the nature of the “self” mirror neurons empathy = putting yourself in someone else’s shoes, actions processed as the same in the brain regardless of what is doing the action o the effects of experience epi genetics = genes turn on and off, difference in gene expression based on individual experiences o the existence of free will you can see seconds before you move, the intention to move in your brain o the origin of knowledge methods of the natural sciences o taking questions the philosophers are asking and putting a twist on them o difference between science (evidence) and faith (belief) Psychology begins Wilhelm Wundt = Dutch, 1870s, “first philosopher” Edward Titchener = Wundt’s American student o Structuralism = reflection of the science of the day Breaking things into building blocks (ie. matter) Can we break down experience into building blocks Not based on perspective Gestalt Psychology = breaking things down into elements loses context o ie. ABC vs. 12 13 14 o the mind contextualizes everything William James = American, 1870s o Functionalism = dependent on Charles Darwin (evolution), behavior is purposeful (thinking survival of the fittest) o We behave the way we do because it enhances out survival and reproductive success o We do things because it keeps us alive Today, we do what we do because at some time in our evolutionary past, these behaviors have enhances out survival/ increases evolutionary success Behaviorism vs. Cognitive Revolution o Behaviorism (ch. 8) Critical thinking = question everything Skinner Not interested in behavioral processes stimulus in, reaction out o Cognitive Revolution (ch. 9, 10) Cognitive psychology = information processing Freud vs. Humanists o Sigmund Freud Negative view of human nature o Humanists 1960’s, everyone is good if someone is “bad”, it’s because they were corrupted by society Who among the following psychologists is more likely to argue that internal mental activities can be studied scientifically? Wilhelm Wundt
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