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Week 1 - Wednesday

by: Allison Notetaker

Week 1 - Wednesday Psy 201

Allison Notetaker
Cal Poly

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PSY 201 - Introduction to Psychology Class notes 1/6/16 Ch. 1 The Science of Psychology Ch. 2 The Measure of the Mind
Introduction to Psychology
Dr. Freberg
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison Notetaker on Friday January 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 201 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Freberg in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.

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Date Created: 01/08/16
Week 1 – Wednesday The Young Science Breaks into Perspectives 20 century - Biological psychology o Looking for correlations between behavior and mental processes - Evolutionary psychology o Our minds have been shaped by the hunter-gatherer experience o How our evolutionary past has shaped our behavior o Man’s best strategy for reproductive success is to be promiscuous, not picky o Women’s best strategy is to be extremely selective - Cognitive psychology o Information-processing, thinking, reasoning, decision-making, problem- solving, language o Grew up with the computer o Collaboration with computer science - Social psychology o Recognizes humans don’t live in a vacuum o The impact of loneliness on human beings o Humans will do just about anything it takes to keep in the good graces of our social group  very worried about being social excluded - Developmental psychology o Figure out what makes you tick differently than toddlers, elderly, etc. o Looking at normal status of people as a function of age o The older we get, the more different we get from our peer group o Investigates the normal changes in behavior that occurs across the life span - Clinical psychology o Trying to diagnose and treat psychological disorder o Recently: spending too much time figuring out what goes wrong, instead of what goes right o the quality of people’s social relationships determines their happiness (positive psychology) - Individual differences/ Personality o What makes us different o Why do I behave differently than my sister, brother, mother, etc. and why Professor Stark is interested in the way people make big decisions, such as deciding to get married or buy a house. It is likely that Professor Stark is particularly expert in which of the following perspectives? Cognitive - Why don’t children like broccoli? o Evolution: sensitivity to bitter tastes promotes survival  Bitter things are often poisonous  Children hasn’t had enough experience with it as a safe food, and don’t know that it is safe to eat yet o Developmental: children are more sensitive to taste than adults  Taste dulls with aging o Biological: children form preferences for food their mothers ate during pregnancy  Relevant throughout the animal kingdom  Figure out before your even born, what is safe to eat in your environment o Social: culture can influence taste preferences o Individual differences: some people are more sensitive tasters (supertasters) than others - What is science? Requires facts, evidence - What is faith? Based on belief The Scientific Mindset - objectivity vs. subjectivity o we are always subjective o it is hard to recognize your inherent bias - systematic observation o representative samples o to be systematic means that you have a representative sample used in your research - theory: set of facts and relationships between facts that explain and predict phenomena o you can never prove that your theory (hypothesis) is right o all we can do is prove that something is wrong Methods of Psychological Science - Descriptive methods o Case study  Canner’s criteria to diagnose autism spectrum disorder o Naturalistic observation  Jane Goodall  Hang out, blend in, and observe  Problem: people behave differently when they are watched o Survey  Quick, cheap  Not very confidential  Problem: social conformity – people give the answer they think you want to hear - Correlations o Positive (positive slope), negative (negative slope), zero (no slope) o Do not tell you “cause” o All you can do is say that 2 variable may have some kind of systematic relationship with each other


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