Chapter 7 Notes from Book
Chapter 7 Notes from Book SOC 351
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiersten Notetaker on Friday January 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 351 at Washington State University taught by Monica Johnson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see The Family in Sociology at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 01/08/16
Chapter 7: Love and Romantic Relationships Scripting Diversity Social script: A commonly understood pattern of interaction that serves as a model of behavior in familiar situations Social scripts are a source for reassurance Love Children who were loved by their parents were more likely to survive. A broader sense of caring was necessary for human society to survive, as parents needed help from other adults to provide care for their offspring Love: A deep affection and concern for another, with whom one feels a strong emotional bond Romantic Love: The passionate devotion and attraction one person feels for another Love o Love is ambiguous and clear “love at first sight” o Love is unique “one true love” o Individuals seek both to prove and to demonstrate their true character by overcoming obstacles in the quest for love Romeo and Juliet “I love you” is a turning point in a relationship Making It Work Romantic love is a realistic or utilitarian love: The practical, rational dedication of one person to another based on a shared understanding and emotional commitment o This helps people consider the pros and cons of different partners Utilitarian love is more rational Romantic love is more spontaneous Romantic Relationships: Mutually acknowledged, ongoing interactions featuring heightened affection and intensity Relationship Rituals Dating 20 century dating was not a courtship, it was okay to have overlapping relationships without commitment Dating system helped guide the transition from passionate romantic attraction—including lust—to the stable, mature love idealized in the established view of marriage Diversity reigns over conformity then it should be clear that people from different walks of life practice or don’t practice dating in varied ways Public and Private Dating During courtship, relationships moving toward marriage were contingent on decisions reviewed as a public matter Private—usually in in the woman’s home “calling” Dating takes place in the market arena The consumption aspect of dating enhances the public nature of the couple’s commitment After WWII, cars became important visual markers of economic and social status Dating among Students College students have set a tendency to delay marriage until after college Men in college are more likely than women to have a sexual goal, while women more often want a developing romantic relationship Women outnumber men on many campuses today Hooking Up Hooking up: A casual sexual or romantic encounter without explicit commitment or exclusivity Super casual thing to do and not prearranged Highly interrelated with alcohol and drug use Connecting Online Older single people and those who are divorced and have children Match.com 1995 large online dating service Meeting partners online has increased a significant amount Each year, local and national law enforcement agencies arrest thousands of people who approach undercover agents online, thinking they are communicating with children Older Singles and Single Parents The population of people who are single and looking for relationships is both older and more diverse than it was several decades ago. Specifically, three groups of singles have become much more prevalent. o 1 – some singles are older than previous generations of daters, having deliberately pondponed marriage, often to pursue education or their careers. o 2 – the rise in unmarried parenting has led to an increase in adults who live with children but who have never been married, many of whom are looking for partners. rd o 3 – divorced adults of all ages may be looking for new partners, whether or not they have children. Gay and Lesbian People often think of dating and romantic relationships as building blocks, or steps in the process leading to marriage. Relational ambiguity Discrimination can take a psychological or even physical health toll Mate Selection Mate Selection: The process by which people choose each other for sexual or romantic relationships Three ways families influence the broader society o Inequality – if pairs of rich people form some families and pairs of poor people form other families, then there will be a very strong tendency for the lines of wealth and poverty to remain fixed through the generations. o Inclusion vs. exclusion – “social distance” as reflected in the rates of intermarriage between Whites and members of minority groups. o Family dynamics – How families work together is partly the result of how couples choose each other and how those choices affect their relationships throughout adulthood Evolution We know that specific traits might have emerged through evolution if they o Increased the odds of survival, like resistance to disease o Increased reproductive ability, like healthy ovaries o Increased success in competition with other potential mates, like big muscles (or good aim) o Presented some gimmick that fools potential mates into thinking one of the other good traits is present Gender Sexual attraction is more focused on women Gender socialization, one of the most important outcomes is simply the differentiation of men from women. 1949 Chinese foot bending was banned Conforming to the dominant beauty standard is learned at an early age, and most women perceive it as necessary for success in love, marriage, and careers. Race/Ethnicity Internal obstacles, which you may think of as mental or cognitive barriers to romantic attraction Social and cultural boundaries that related, so that social divisions in practice create the barriers in our minds Homophily: The principle by which similar people have more of a given kind of contact than dissimilar people. o Frees us to think of homophily as not just a question of personal preference, but also one of practical limits Endogamy Endogamy: marriage and reproduction within a distinct group Exogamy was an important means by which small bands of humans built connections between groups and extended their influence Endogamy Online The systems may be based on true personality characteristics of potential matches – gathering and providing objective information Online dating has the potential to reduce geographical constraints that lead people to date only those who live or work close at hand Chapter 8: Marriage and Cohabitation Need to familiarize ourselves with the trends and patterns underlying the change and structure of families and the relationships they compromise Diversity, Inequality, and Social Change All of these trends and patterns in cohabitation and marriage—unions between adults that create families Diversity About 2/3rds of people who marry have lived together first Marriage and cohabitation between people of the same gender have become increasingly common Remarriage is common and acceptable Inequality Couples pair up according to education level and earning potential Married couples are much less likely to be poor than single adults The recognition of same-sex marriages by the government and private entities has been a contentious issue Social Change The growth of individualism and the goals of individual fulfillment and self-expression have weakened the ties of marriage Over the last half-century, the law increasingly has treated people as individuals—whether married or not—rather than treaties families as legal entities in themselves Modern identities—how people think of themselves and explain their lives—have grown more diverse
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