Middle Eastern Civilization Week 2 Notes
Middle Eastern Civilization Week 2 Notes ASH 1044
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by clb13m on Friday January 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASH 1044 at Florida State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Middle Eastern History and Civilization in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/08/16
Nomadism Symbols of preislamic Arabian memory: tent, desert, honor, revenge, the tribe o Endure present day stereotypes of the middle east Three kinds of settlement in the middle east: townspeople, peasants, nomads o Townspeople and nomads were never settled. o Nomads weren’t constantly roaming though (had sheep, cattle, camels) Had tents – circle of tents marked kinship Bedouin heritage – nomadic heritage o Tribalism is important symbol – strong kin o Resistance to imperial integration; ancient antagonist; couldn’t be pinned down by the byzantine empire Empires needed to spend more resources than what they would get in return. Settled merchants and nomads teamed up (Commonwealth of the Mecca) Monotheism Became state religion of byzantine empire (Christian empire) Persian empire (Zoroastrian empire) Arabia – extensively pagan Persian empire is resistant to monotheism, Arabia is not o Arabs were originally polytheist Jews were a long standing influence to the hijas, Christians were a new influence. Hijas was an area in Arabia that began to accept monotheism Ethiopia was highly Christianized Pagan religion idols – animals and astrology o Practice : no temples, elaborate cosmology Jahiliya – period of ignorance o Ignorance of the one god Shirk – putting partners with god – considered a big sin o Monotheism is one of the areas of greatest distinction between modern day Arabia and preislamic Arabia God replaced the many god of the pagans and the one god of the Jews/Christians Middle eastern polytheistic religion, gods were anthropomorphic (resembling humans) God of old testament resembled humans in actions and appearance God that replaced the others was more transcendent, less humanlike People of the book – jewish and Christian monotheists o Seen as wrong, but okay to muslims Polytheists – seen as the worst of the worst o “The ignorant ones” Qur’an – “he is god, alone” o Cultural confidence in gender and monotheism is clear
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