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Spanish 44 Week 1 notes

by: Alayna Notetaker

Spanish 44 Week 1 notes Spanish 44

Alayna Notetaker
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

Pre-Colombian Civilization, Aztec Culture, Florentine Codex, Broken Spears
Latin American Culture
Van Delden
Class Notes
spanish, Latin American Culture, colonization, history, Mexico, Cortes, Spaniards
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alayna Notetaker on Friday January 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Spanish 44 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Van Delden in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 280 views. For similar materials see Latin American Culture in Spanish at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 01/08/16
Spanish 44  Monday, January 4th  Week 1  First quiz is Monday January 11th on broken spheres pages 50­102 reading  ­ 5 multiple choice questions  Beginning the class with conquest of Mexico from the indigenous perspective  Bernal del Castillo ­ Soldier in Spanish army who took over Mexico in 1519  Midterm  ­ 3 essays during class time  ­ 1st section is devoted to the conquest of Mexico  ­ De la vega ­ conquest of Peru  ­ relates to reading, inventing the nation in 19th century Argentina and the quest  for Cuban independence. Comparing Marti and Sarmiento  Final  4 essays  ­ Mexican revolution  ­ Cuban revolution  ­ Ashes of Izalco  Lecture 1  Slide 2  ­ There is a problem with this definition of Latin America. Spanish is widely spoken in the United States, but it is not the main language. According to this definition, the  US is part of Latin America. Not necessarily wrong but the person who wrote this  definition probably was not thinking that the United States was part of Latin America.  French is spoken in Quebec, Canada. According to this definition, Quebec is part of  Latin America. This definition does not work all that well. However, the second part of  the definition directly excludes Canada and the US and its possessions. Makes no  sense because that excludes Puerto Rico.  ­ It’s difficult to categorize  Slide 3  ­ Definition includes a linguistic and historical component.  ­ Definition excludes Belize (English speaking)  ­ Dutch spoken in Suriname (excluded)  ­ Suggested it be called “indoafroibero America” ­ Indo = white. Afro = white. Ibero = Portuguese and Spain  ­ When the Spaniards arrived in Mexico in 1519, Latin America was not used to  ­ Term Latin America was used in mid 19th century by the French ­ “History is not what happened, but what people thought happened” ­ Why? They invaded Mexico in the 1860s (Napoleon III). Mexicans fought back  and expelled the French and regained independence. Indicates that French had expansionist ambitions in the New World despite the Monroe Doctrine.  Slide 13 ­ Background of the conquest of Mexico  ­ Once they got to Cuba they expanded West to Mexico.  ­ Bernal del Castillo  ­ Found shipwrecked Spaniards (Geronimo Aguilar, joins Bernal)  ­ Guerrero, another shipwrecked man, decided to stay with indigenous people and  his indigenous wife. His children are the first Mestizos.  ­ How did Cortes manage to defeat a large empire with so few men? ­ La Malinche: indigenous woman, we do not know much about her life. Bernal  presents one version. Who knows if it’s accurate. Later Dona Marina by the Spaniards. Born into an aristocratic aztec family. When her dad died her mother remarried and  decided that her daughter from her first marriage was going to get in the way so she  gave her to some merchants passing through. Merchants took her to the gulf coast  area where she learned the aztec language. She knew both languages.  Slide 14  ­ Cortes’ itinerary.  ­ In present day vera cruz he founded a municipality. First Spanish “town” in  present day Mexico. Named Villa Rica de VeraCruz Important from a legal point of  view. He was under command of the governor of Cuba and as long as he was under  his command, anything he discovered belonged to the governor of Cuba. Cortes didn’t want that. So by founding this town, he breaks allegiance to the governor of Cuba.  Gov was pissed and set an expedition to find Cortes because he was not showing  obedience. Cortes fled to the coast to defeat the army that tried to capture him.  ­ Cortes feared that his men would want to abandon him and start their own fleet.  So he burned his own ships to people could not return to Cuba. Retained control.  ­ At the time, Mexico was covered in valleys and lakes.  ­ How did the Spaniards defeat the great Mexican empire? Got the support of the  Titzatlan.  ­ Spaniards attack Cholula and start a massacre. Did this without cause.  Spaniards said they thought Cholula was going to attack so it was preemptive.  Reveals the violence of the conquest and the massacres that the Spaniards  perpetrated to impost themselves.  ­ Spaniards proceed to Mexico Tenochtitlan. Montezuma gives Cortes a warm  welcome. Eventually war breaks out and the Aztecs initially expel the Spaniards but  the Spaniards regroup and take over. Defeat and destruction of the Aztec empire in  1521. Montezuma dies. Spaniards claim his own people killed him by throwing a rock  at him. Indigenous claim Spaniards murdered him. This is more likely to be true.  Slide 15  ­ Cortes came to the new world in the 1500s  Slide 16  ­ Ancient codex that shows what Malinche looks like. Depicts Cortes meeting with  noblemen and la Malinche by his side, translating and communicating for him.  ­ Malinche stands behind Cortes but is tall and stands over him, shows her power  and status.  Slide 17  ­ La malinche standing by the side of the Spaniards  ­ eventually la malinche and cortes had an affair, a child, Marti Cortes, one of the  first Mestizos  ­ believed that she passed away at an early age. 1520s or 1530s ­ Cortes brought a wife over from Spain to the New World, whom he married.  ­ Malinche played a big role in the conquest of Mexico. 


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