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Divine Command Theory

by: Grace Elite Notetaker

Divine Command Theory PHI2630

Marketplace > Florida State University > Culture > PHI2630 > Divine Command Theory
Grace Elite Notetaker
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About this Document

A way to have a better understanding on Divine Command Theory
Ethical Issues/Life Choices
Jeff Haines
Class Notes




Popular in Ethical Issues/Life Choices

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Elite Notetaker on Saturday January 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI2630 at Florida State University taught by Jeff Haines in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Ethical Issues/Life Choices in Culture at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 01/09/16
Ethics Notes Divine Command Theory Based off PowerPoint • The arguments in the Euthyphro dialogue are thought to pose a big problem for divine command theory. • Divine Command Theory: “An Act is morally justified just because it is commanded by God, and immoral just because God forbids it.” (FE, 67) o P1) If the Bible condemns X, then X is wrong. o P2) The Bible condemns homosexuality. o C) Therefore homosexuality is wrong. • What might we mean by P1? o X is wrong for individual reasons, and the bible simply tells us X is wrong o Or o X is wrong because the bible condemns it, and if the bible (and God) did not condemn it, it would be wrong. • The Big Question: o Socrates: “Is the pious being loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is being loved by the gods?” (62) o Translation: “Does God command us to do actions because they are morally right, or are actions morally right because God commands them?” • Two options 1. X is wrong for individual reasons, and the bible simply tells us X is wrong. o But then X implies that mortality is not created by God o This gives up Divine Command Theory which holds that morality comes from God 2. X is wrong because the bible condemns it, and if the bible (and God) did not condemn it, it would be wrong. o But what if God commanded murder or rape? o Don’t argue: God wouldn’t do that because its bad. o Bad means “prohibited by God” and good means “allowed by God” o So: If God commanded us to murder, murder would be good. • RSL's formalization of the argument o P1) Either God has reasons that support His commands, or God lacks reasons for His commands. o P2) If God lacks reasons for His commands, then God's commands are arbitrary – and God is imperfect. o P3) If God has reasons that support His commands, then these reasons, rather than the divine commands, are what make actions right or wrong- and Divine Command Theory is false. o C1) Therefore, either God is imperfect or Divine Command Theory is false. o P1) “” o P2) God is not imperfect. o C2) Therefore Divine Command Theory is false


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