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PSY2012, week 2 of notes

by: Lauren Carstens

PSY2012, week 2 of notes PSY2012

Marketplace > Florida State University > PSY2012 > PSY2012 week 2 of notes
Lauren Carstens
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

This week, we finished chapter 2 and began chapter 8. I went through her notes for Friday's class this morning and tried to get the most out of what she said. Hope this helps!
Melissa Shepard
Class Notes
Psychology, week 2, chapter 2, Chapter 8
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Carstens on Saturday January 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY2012 at Florida State University taught by Melissa Shepard in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.


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Date Created: 01/09/16
Psychology Chapter 8: Language, Thinking and Reasoning Language  Arbitrary System of communication that combines symbols, such as words or gestural signs, in rule based ways to create meaning  Allows for communication of information, as well as social and emotional functions o Allows us to relate to other people, express how we relate to people and build interpersonal relationships Features of Language  Highly practiced amd automatic process o We usually take it for granted because it requires little thought  Four levels of analysis that must coordinate with one another o 1. Phonemes o 2. Morphemes o 3. Syntax o 4. Extralinguistic Information o Phonemes  Categories of sounds our vocal apparatus produces o Ex: “Tah” “The” and “Sh”  Probably around 100 total (each language only uses a subset) o English contains about 40-45 phonemes o Languages with more have less redundant phonemes and languages with less phonemes have more redundant phonemes in their language o Different languages use difference phonemes  Each language uses a subset of phonemes  Auditory perception differs among adults who speak different languages  New language learning often requires parsing auditory information differently  You have to start making distinctions between phonemes when your primary language doesn’t have those phonomes


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