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MUS24B Lecture 1-2

by: Marjolein Schelvis

MUS24B Lecture 1-2 MUS 24B

Marjolein Schelvis
GPA 3.5
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About this Document

These notes cover the first two lectures of class. They go over some general information about the historical context in Beethoven's time and changes in his music as they correspond to personal and...
Holoman, D Kern
Class Notes
Music History, MUS24B





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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marjolein Schelvis on Saturday January 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 24B at University of California - Davis taught by Holoman, D Kern in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see INTRO MUSIC HISTORY in Music at University of California - Davis.


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Date Created: 01/09/16
MUS 24B Lecture 1-2 1/9/16 9:33 PM Date:  January  4  &  6,  2016     Music  during  the  nineteenth  century   • Music  is  influenced  by  many  things,  including  historical  and  political  events   happening  at  the  time  of  composition;  The  history  of  European  music   corresponds  to  the  history  of  Europe.   • When  learning  about  music  history,  it  is  also  important  to  consider  geography   o During  the  early  nineteenth  century  Europe  was  essentially  divided  into   three  chunks   § Austro-­‐Hungarian  empire   § France   § Multiple  German  provinces     • How  did  western  music  spread  throughout  Europe?     o Popes  with  their  Gregorian  chants  migrated  from  Italy  to  France  as  the   Romans  had  done  600  years  before,  travelling  westward  diagonally  all   the  way  up  to  Scotland.       How  does  this  relate  to  our  discussion  of  Beethoven?   • Political  events  events  are  evident  in  Beethoven’s  music.     o In  Beethoven’s  time  there  existed  political  upheaval  after  Napoleon   Bonaparte  and  the  French  Revolution   § Evident  in  Symphony  No.3  in  E  flat  major,  op.55     ú Also  called  “Eroica”   ú Thus  began  the  second  period  of  Beethoven’s  music,   sometimes  called  the  “Heroic  Period”   • Personal  events  are  evident  in  Beethoven’s  music   o During  the  early  1800’s  Beethoven  began  to  go  deaf   § Heiligenstadt  Testament:  a  letter  which  Beethoven  wrote  to  his   brother  telling  him  that  he  was  going  deaf   § The  loss  of  his  hearing  led  to  depression  and  suicidality,  which   became  evident  in  the  increasingly  darker  feel  to  his  music  in   addition  to  radical  changes  in  compositional  structure   ú Interested  in  the  potential  built  into  very  simple   ideas/music  structures  such  as  triads   A  little  about  Beethoven   • 1770-­‐1827   • Classical  era,  right  before  the  Romantic  era   • Three  phases  in  his  life  and  work   o Beginning   o Middle   o Late   • Music  tends  to  change  and  morph  according  to  personal  and  political  events;   biggest  change  in  music  corresponds  to  the  year  1803,  when  he  went  deaf   • Beethoven  was  sent  from  western  Germany  all  the  way  to  Vienna  (in  eastern   Austria)  to  study  with  Haydn;  this  was  a  big  deal  back  then.     • When  he  started  going  deaf  around  1803,    he  used  conversation  books  to   communicate  with  other  people   • Never  settled  down  or  married,  but  may  have  fallen  in  love  with  someone  he   called  the  “immortal  beloved”   • Schindler:  his  secretary   • He  frequented  prostitutes   • He  had  syphilis,  which  is  what  may  have  caused  his  hearing  problems   • Died  in  1827  right  before  the  romantic  era   Analysis  of  Beethoven  pieces   • Currently  we  are  studying  the  pathetique  sonata   • Pathetique  sonata  op.13   o The  first  (main)  theme  is  in  C  minor   o The  second  theme  is  in  E  flat  major,  which  is  the  relative  key  to  C  minor.     o General  notes:     § “op.”  =  “opus”  =  “work”;  the  plural  is  “opera”   § opus  numbers  are  assigned  by  a  publisher,  not  necessarily   published  in  the  order  they  were  composed   ú Beethoven’s  publisher:  Leibzig-­‐Breitkopf  and  Hartel   ú WoO-­‐  Werke  ohne  Opussahl   Some  important  news  in  today’s  music  world   • Death  of  Pierre  Boulez   st o French  composer,    leading  intellectual  composer  of  the  20-­‐21  century,   passed  away  January  6,  2016       1/9/16 9:33 PM 1/9/16 9:33 PM


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